It is estimated that a large fraction of natural gas reserves are found in locations from where transport is not economical. If these isolated natural gas reserves could be converted to synthetic fuels, they would generate around 250 billion barrels of synthetic oil—a quantity equal to one-third of the Middle East’s proven oil reserves.
Small-Scale Gas to Liquid Fuel Synthesis explores next-generation technologies geared toward overcoming the significant cost and technical barriers prohibiting the extensive use of conventional gas to liquid (GTL) processes for the exploitation of small and/or isolated natural gas reservoirs. The book highlights key research activities in the framework of two large European projects—Innovative Catalytic Technologies & Materials for Next Gas to Liquid Processes (NEXT-GTL) and Oxidative Coupling of Methane followed by Oligomerization to Liquids (OCMOL)—examining novel technical developments that reduce the costs associated with air fractioning and syngas production.
Featuring contributions from internationally respected experts, Small-Scale Gas to Liquid Fuel Synthesis discusses innovative GTL technologies based on recent advances in catalytic membrane systems, reaction engineering, and process design. The book provides academic and industrial researchers with a concise presentation of the current state of the art of low-cost, energy-efficient GTL technologies for small-scale applications.
Table of Contents
Integration of Innovative Membranes and Sorbents with the GTL Process
Status of and Challenges in Converting Natural Gas; Salvatore Abate, Gabriele Centi, and Siglinda Perathoner
Oxygen Transporting Membranes in Syngas Production; Jürgen Caro and Fangyi Liang
Recent Developments in Membrane Technologies for CO2 Separation; Charitomeni Veziri, Anastasios Labropoulos, Georgios N. Karanikolos, and Nick K. Kanellopoulos
H2 and Olefin/Paraffin Separation with Porous Materials: State of the Art and New Developments; Canan Gücüyener, Jorge Gascon, and Freek Kapteijn
Separation of Ethylene/Ethane Mixtures with Silver Zeolites; Sonia Aguado and David Farrusseng
Selective Removal of CH4 from CH4/CO/H2 Mixtures; Carlos A. Grande, Giorgia Mondino, Anna Lind, Ørnulv Vistad, and Duncan Akporiaye
Integration of Innovative Catalysts with the GTL Process
Combining Catalyst Formulation and Microkinetic Methodologies in the Detailed Understanding and Optimization of Methane Oxidative Coupling; P.N. Kechagiopoulos, L. Olivier, C. Daniel, A.C. van Veen, Joris W. Thybaut, Guy B. Marin, and C. Mirodatos
New Trends in Catalyst Design for Methane Dehydroaromatization; M. Teresa Portilla, Christiaan H.L. Tempelman, Cristina Martínez, and Emiel J.M. Hensen
Structured Catalysts on Metal Supports for Light Alkane Conversion; Leonid M. Kustov
Methane Dry Reforming on Nanocomposite Catalysts: Design, Kinetics, and Mechanism; V.A. Sadykov, L.N. Bobrova, N.V. Mezentseva, S.N. Pavlova, Yu. E. Fedorova, A.S. Bobin, Z. Yu. Vostrikov, T.S. Glazneva, M. Yu. Smirnova, N.N. Sazonova, V.A. Rogov, A. Ishchenko, Guy B. Marin, Joris W. Thybaut, V. V. Galvita, Y. Schuurman, and C. Mirodatos
Development of Bifunctional Ni-Based Catalysts for the Heterogeneous Oligomerization of Ethylene to Liquids; A. Martínez, M.A. Arribas, and S. Moussa
Understanding the Mechanisms of Gas-to-Liquid Processes with the Aid of Quantum Chemistry Tools: Case Studies of the Shilov Reaction and Natural Gas Aromatization; Dorota Rutkowska-Zbik, Renata Tokarz-Sobieraj, and Małgorzata Witko
Innovative Oxidative and Nonoxidative GTL Processes
Production of High-Octane Fuel Components by Dehydroalkylation of Benzene with Mixtures of Ethane and Propane; Dennis Wan Hussin and Yvonne Traa
Syngas to Liquids via Oxygenates; Marius Westgård Erichsen, Juan Salvador Martinez-Espin, Finn Joensen, Shewangizaw Teketel, Pablo del Campo Huertas, Karl Petter Lillerud, Stian Svelle, Pablo Beato, and Unni Olsbye
Solar-Aided Syngas Production via Two-Step, Redox-Pair-Based Thermochemical Cycles; Christos Agrafiotis, Martin Roeb, and Christian Sattler
Membrane-Assisted CPO: A New Sustainable Syngas Process; G. Iaquaniello, A. Salladini, E. Palo, Salvatore Abate, and Gabriele Centi
Methane Direct Aromatization Process from an Industrial Perspective: Technical Catalyst and Conceptual Design for Reactor and Process; Jens Aßmann, Rainer Bellinghausen, and Leslaw Mleczko
Dr. Nick Kanellopoulos is the research director of the Membranes for Environmental Separations Laboratory, the president of the National Center for Scientific Research "Demokritos", the chairman of the Committee of the Presidents of the Greek Research Centers, the author or coauthor of more than 170 publications in peer-reviewed journals, the editor of 5 books in the field of nanoporous membrane applications, the recipient of a total funding of €12 million from more than 50 European and national programs, and a participant in 2 high-tech companies in the field of nanoporous materials. He was previously the coordinator of the European Network of Excellence in nanotechnology in-situ study and development of processes involving nanoporous solids (inside-pores.gr) and of the committee for the preparation and submission of the proposal for a Greek National Nanotechnology program. In addition, he has been a Fulbright scholar, the president of the Greek Fulbright Scholars Association, and a member of the National Representation Committee of Greece for the FP6-NMP and FP7-NMP European programs in nanotechnology, as well as the National Committee for Nanotechnology in Brussels.
"With the recent explosion of unconventional gas recovery, new biogas technologies, and advances in reforming processes, the gas to liquid (GTL) process has become very important in the energy and fuel industry. This book is an extensive compilation of the present state of the art of this important process by a set of internationally renowned authors. The book will be very useful to those engaged in active research in various aspects of GTL processes. The book can also be used as a reference for the graduate courses related to fuel conversion processes."
—Y.T. Shah, Norfolk State University, Virginia, USA
"For those working in the field, the book provides an excellent summary of the current state of the art."
—Ken Jones, Knutsford, Cheshire, UK, from Chromatographia, May 2015