Smart CMOS Image Sensors and Applications: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Smart CMOS Image Sensors and Applications

1st Edition

By Jun Ohta, Jun Ohta

CRC Press

272 pages | 162 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849336812
pub: 2007-09-19
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315221267
pub: 2017-12-19
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Because of their high noise immunity and low static power supply drain, complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) devices produce less heat than other forms of logic and allow a high density of logic functions on a chip. These beneficial characteristics have fueled the use of CMOS image sensors in consumer electronics, robot vision, biotechnology, and medicine. With the introduction of smart functions in CMOS image sensors, even more versatile applications are now possible.

Exploring this popular technology, Smart CMOS Image Sensors and Applications focuses on the smart functions implemented in CMOS image sensors as well as the applications of these sensors. After discussing the history of smart CMOS image sensors, the book describes the fundamental elements of CMOS image sensors. It covers some optoelectronic device physics and introduces typical CMOS image sensor structures, such as an active pixel sensor (APS). Subsequent chapters elucidate the functions and materials of smart CMOS image sensors and present examples of smart imaging. The final chapter explores various applications of smart CMOS image sensors. Several appendices supply a range of information on constants, illuminance, MOSFET characteristics, and optical resolution.

This book provides a firm foundation in existing smart CMOS image sensor technology and applications, preparing you for the next phase of smart CMOS image sensors.


"It not only provides the foundation for understanding existing CMOS sensor technologies but a wealth of references and resources for further research."

– In OPN, May 2008, Vol. 19, No. 5

Table of Contents


A general overview

Brief history of CMOS image sensors

Brief history of smart CMOS image sensors

Organization of the book

Fundamentals of CMOS Image Sensors


Fundamental of photo detection

Photo detectors for smart CMOS image sensors

Accumulation mode in PD

Basic pixel structures

Sensor peripherals

Basic sensor characteristics


Pixel sharing

Comparison between pixel architecture

Comparison with CCDs

Smart Functions and Materials


Pixel structure

Analog operation

Pulse modulation

Digital processing

Materials other than Silicon

Structures other than standard CMOS technologies

Smart Imaging


Low light imaging

High speed

Wide dynamic range


3D range finder

Target tracking

Dedicated arrangement of pixel and optics



Information and communication applications

Biotechnology applications

Medical applications

Appendix A: Tables of Constants

Appendix B: Illuminance

Appendix C: Human Eye and CMOS Image Sensors

Appendix D: Fundamental Characteristics of MOS Capacitor

Appendix E: Fundamental Characteristics of MOSFET

Appendix F: Optical Format and Resolution



About the Series

Optical Science and Engineering

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Optics