A smart civil structure integrates smart materials, sensors, actuators, signal processors, communication networks, power sources, diagonal strategies, control strategies, repair strategies, and life-cycle management strategies. It should function optimally and safely in its environment and maintain structural integrity during strong winds, severe earthquakes, and other extreme events.
This book extends from the fundamentals to the state-of-the-art. It covers the elements of smart civil structures, their integration, and their functions. The elements consist of smart materials, sensors, control devices, signal processors, and communication networks. Integration refers to multi-scale modelling and model updating, multi-type sensor placement, control theory, and collective placement of control devices and sensors. And the functions include structural health monitoring, structural vibration control, structural self-repairing, and structural energy harvesting, with emphasis on their synthesis to form truly smart civil structures. It suits civil engineering students, professionals, and researchers with its blend of principles and practice.
"This is the first comprehensive book that synthesizes multiple interrelated fields in smart civil structures, including structural sensing and monitoring, vibration control, energy harvesting, and self-repairing."
-- Yang Wang, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
"The book is a very comprehensive text on the area of smart structural health monitoring, covering material from basics to the state of the art. …It starts with the nuts and bolts of the monitoring system but then leads up to the state of the art of an end-to-end smart monitoring system, and everything in between."
-- Muhammad Imran Rafiq, University of Brighton, UK
Elements in Smart Civil Structures. Introduction. Smart Materials. Sensors and Sensor Networks. Actuators and Control Systems. Processors and Processing Systems. Integration for Smart Civil Structures. Multi-Scale Modelling of Smart Civil Structures. Modal Identification and Model Updating. Multi-Type Sensor Placement. Structural Control Theory. Optimal Actuator Placement. Collective Placement of Sensors and Actuators. Functions of Smart Civil Structures. Structural Damage Detection. Structural Active and Semi-ActiveControl. Synthesis of Structural Health Monitoring and Control in the Frequency Domain. Synthesis of Structural Health Monitoring and Control in the Time Domain. Synthesis of Structural Control and Energy Harvesting. Synthesis of Structural Health Monitoring, Control and Energy Harvesting. Synthesis of Structural Health Monitoring and Self-Repairing. Life Cycle Performance of Smart Civil Structures. Epilogue: Challenges and Prospects.