This book addresses the need to understand the development, use, construction, and operation of smart microgrids (SMG). Covering selected major operations of SMG like dynamic energy management, demand response, and demand dispatch, it describes the design and operational challenges of different microgrids and provides feasible solutions for systems. Smart Micro Grid presents communication technologies and governing standards used in developing communication networks for realizing various smart services and applications in microgrids. An architecture facilitating bidirectional communication for smart distribution/microgrid is brought out covering aspects of its design, development and validation. The book is aimed at graduate, research students and professionals in power, power systems, and power electronics.
• Covers a broad overview of the benefits, the design and operation requirements, standards and communication requirements for deploying microgrids in distribution systems.
• Explores issues related to planning, expansion, operation, type of microgrids, interaction among microgrid and distribution networks, demand response, and the technical requirements for the communication network.
• Discusses current standards and common practices to develop and operate microgrids.
• Describes technical issues and requirements for operating microgrids.
• Illustrates smart communication architecture and protocols.
Table of Contents
1.1 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
1.3 OPERATION AND MANAGEMENT
1.4 SMART DISTRIBUTION GRID
2. DESIGN OF MICROGRIDS
2.1. DEFINITION, STRUCTURE AND COMPONENTS
2.2. STRUCTURE, COMPONENTS AND OPERATION OF MICROGRIDS
2.3. RENEWABLE ENERGY INTEGRATION ON MICRO GRIDS
2.4. POWER MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL ON MICROGRID
- COMMUNICATION ARCHITECTURE OF SMART MICRO GRIDS
- THE NEED TO TURN SMART
- COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AND STANDARDS
- COMMUNICATION REQUIREMENTS IN SMART GRID
- STANDARDS FOR SMART GRID COMMUNICATION
- COMMUNICATION INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART MICROGRIDS
- CASE STUDY
- CHALLENGES IN COMMUNICATION NETWORK FOR MICROGRIDS
4. ICT APPLICATION OF DSM
4.2 Demand Response
4.3 Demand Dispatch
4.4 DD Implementation on Microgrid
5. DYNAMIC ENERGY MANAGEMENT
5.2 DEM SCHEME
5.3 DEMS ALGORITHM
5.4 MODELLING OF DEMAND SIDE RESOURCES
5.5 DEMS PERFORMANCE ON MICROGRID
5.6 VALIDATION OF DEM ON EMULATED SMG
Dr Sasi K Kottayil had his basic and post graduate degrees in Electrical Engineering and doctoral degree on Utility Scale Wind Electricity Generation. He has been in teaching profession since 1984. He served earlier as faculty member at North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology, Itanagar (1986 to 2004); and also, in Department of Energy, Tezpur University, Assam. He is currently Professor in Electrical & Electronics Engineering, Amrita School of Engineering (ASE), Coimbatore. Renewable Energy and Smart Micro Grid are the areas of his interest. Dr Sasi K Kottayil is a Fellow and Past President of the Society of Energy Engineers and Managers (SEEM), and Editorial Advisor of the SEEM magazine - Energy Manager. Dr Sasi also serves as a consultant for Renewable Energy development for the past 10 years. He has been the Project Director of Ahalia Alternate Energy Pvt Ltd, Palakkad, during 2015-16 when they developed 8.4 MW wind farm. He has been the Consultant to Swedish government sponsored Consortium to develop renewable energy in Andaman & Nicobar Islands during 2015-16. He served as a member of the Technical Committee of ANERT, Govt of Kerala, for development of windfarms in Kerala, from 2005 to 2015. He served during 2008-2012 as a member in R&D subgroups of Centre for Wind Energy Technology (C-WET), Govt of India. He was awarded Kerala State Energy Conservation Commendation Certificate in 2009 in the category of Research and Innovation. Dr Sasi was awarded a Fellowship by European Union to attend Salzburg Seminar on Global Energy Fulcrum: Asian Development and International Response held at Salzburg, Austria in Nov-Dec 2008. He also visited Uppsala University, Sweden as a visiting faculty in June 2008, and Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm in 2012. Elsevier International Journal of Energy recognized Dr Sasi as their Outstanding Reviewer in 2014. He was a member in the Advisory Committee of Centre of Excellence in Alternate Energy Research, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore during 2014-17. Dr Sasi is one amongst the authors who won The IET Premium Awards 2016 for their paper in IET international journal of Power Electronics. He served as Guest Editor of Procedia Technology for its Special Issue on Smart grid Technologies, (Vol 21, 2015). Dr Sasi has edited a book, Energy Models in Emerging Economies, published by NAM S&T Centre, New Delhi in September 2018. He was the Principal Investigator of the DST-VINNOVA funded Indo-Swedish research project, Energy Management on Smart Grid using Embedded Systems (2011-14). He developed and conducted two PG Diploma programmes on Wind Energy under a MoU with C-WET and Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturers Association (2011-2013). The Renewable Energy Laboratory that he developed at Amrita has advanced research facilities which include a Smart Micro Grid Simulator. Dr Sasi’s research and consultancy efforts in wind energy sector culminated in ASE, Coimbatore receiving the IREDA-NIWE 2018 Award as the Best Institution for Higher Learning in Wind Energy. Dr Sasi has published more than 100 research papers, delivered more than 200 invited lectures, chaired several sessions in national and international conferences, received eleven sponsored research projects from DST, VINNOVA, MHRD, C-WET, NEC, GIAN etc., and reviewed more than 100 papers for International Journals. He is currently guiding six PhD studies in Energy.