Smart Structures: Innovative Systems for Seismic Response Control, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Smart Structures

Innovative Systems for Seismic Response Control, 1st Edition

By Franklin Y. Cheng, Hongping Jiang, Kangyu Lou

CRC Press

672 pages | 219 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849385322
pub: 2008-02-25
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An innovative concept, smart structural systems have proven to be extremely effective in absorbing damaging energy and/or counteracting potentially devastating force, thus limiting structural collapse and subsequent injury. As this technology rapidly evolves, there is an ever-increasing need for an authoritative reference that will allow those in the field to stay abreast of the very latest advances.

Smart Structures: Innovative Systems for Seismic Response organizes current research and technology to provide researchers and practicing engineers, as well as advanced students, with the means to learn about and apply the very latest smart structure innovations. Key features include—

  • Complete mathematical formulations and numerical procedures for topics presented
  • New technologies
  • Design guidelines and examples based on current official codes
  • Consideration of smart structures on a variety of foundations
  • Discussion of the use of smart structures with passive or semi-active devices
  • Extensive references
  • Designed for self-teaching, the text emphasizes essential information on structural formulations, mechanism of control systems, and numerical algorithms. It also provides step-by-step numerical examples to illustrate mathematical formulations and interpret physical representations, enabling readers to understand the forumulae vis-à-vis their applications. Each chapter comprehensively explores a specific topic, from smart structure systems currently in use, to case studies utilizing simulated earthquake data.

    Table of Contents

    Preface Acknowledgements

    About the Authors

    Basic Concept of Smart Structure Systems


    Basic Principles of Smart Structure Technology for Seismic Response Control

    History of Smart Structure Technology for Seismic Response Control

    Base Isolation Systems

    Passive Energy Dissipation Systems

    Semi-Active Damper Systems

    Active Control Systems

    Hybrid Control Systems

    Base Isolation Systems

    Basic Concepts of Seismically Isolated Building Structures

    Base Isolator Mechanical Characteristics and Computer Modeling Techniques

    Code Requirements for Design of Seismically Isolated Structures

    Dynamic Analysis Procedure

    Design Examples

    Testing Verification and Determination of Isolator Properties

    Damping Systems

    Basic Concepts of Building Structures with Damping Systems

    Analysis Procedures and Code Requirements

    Design Examples

    Testing Verification and Determination of Damping Device Properties

    Smart Seismic Structures Using Active Control Systems

    Analytical Model of Smart Seismic Structures with Active Control

    Classical Optimal Control Algorithms for Smart Seismic Structures

    Development of Active Control Algorithms for Seismic Smart Structures

    Concluding Remarks

    Smart Seismic Structures Using Semiactive and Hybrid Control Systems

    Dynamic Model of Control Devices for Semiactive and Hybrid Systems

    Dynamic Model of Smart Seismic Structures with Semiactive or Hybrid Control

    Control Strategy and System Stability

    Effectiveness of HDABC System for Seismic Response Control

    Implementation of Hybrid Control for Smart Seismic Structures

    Sensing and Data Acquisition Systems for Smart Seismic Structures

    Common Sensors for Smart Seismic Structures

    Sensing, Data Acquisition, and Digital Control Systems

    Seismic Observer Technique

    Optimal Device Placement for Smart Seismic Structures


    Optimal Actuator Placement for Smart Seismic Structures with Active Control

    Statistical Method for Optimal Device Placement of Smart Seismic Structures


    Active Control Considering Soil-Structure Interaction

    Motion Equation of Actively Controlled Structure with Soil-Structure Interaction

    State Equation of SSI—Model and Solution Technique

    Generalized Optimal Active Control Algorithm for the SSI System

    Soil Properties and Wave Equations

    Stiffness Coefficients of Horizontal Layer and Half Plane

    Dynamic-Stiffness Matrices of Ground System

    Numerical Illustrations

    Computer Solutions for Building Structures with and without Control

    Summary and Concluding Remarks

    Hybrid Control of Structures on Shallow Foundation with Existing and Generated Earthquakes


    Structural Formulation with HDABC

    State Space Formulation of HDABC Systems with and without SSI

    Numerical Examples Using MATLAB

    Extreme Value Distribution

    Ground Motion Generation

    Case Studies Using Generated Earthquakes

    Concluding Remarks

    Appendix A: MATLAB

    Appendix B: Green’s Function

    Appendix C: Element Stiffness and Mass Coefficients

    Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General