1st Edition

Social Bridges and Contexts in Criminology and Sociology
Reflections on the Intellectual Legacy of James F. Short, Jr.




ISBN 9780367359423
Published December 31, 2020 by Routledge
244 Pages

USD $160.00

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Book Description

Social Bridges and Contexts in Criminology and Sociology brings together leading scholars to commemorate the illustrious career and enduring contributions of Professor James F. Short, Jr., to the social sciences. Although Professor Short is best known as a gang scholar, he was a bridging figure who advanced the study of human behavior across multiple domains.

Individual chapters document Professor Short’s intellectual development and highlight the significance of his theoretical and empirical work in a range of specialty areas, including suicide and homicide, criminological theory, field and self-report survey research methodologies, white-collar crime, hazards and risks, levels of explanation, microsocial group processes, and the etiology of gang violence and delinquency. A special feature of this book is the collection of brief personal reflection essays appearing after the main chapters. Authored by Professor Short’s students, colleagues, collaborators, and friends, these essays provide powerful testimonials of the influence of his intellectual legacy as well as his generous spirit and commitment to mentorship.

Written in a clear and direct style, this book will appeal to students and scholars of criminology and sociology, and all those interested in the important contributions of Professor James F. Short, Jr., to these subject areas.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

Editorial Introduction

Lorine A. Hughes and Lisa M. Broidy

PART ONE. INTELLECTUAL ROOTS

Chapter 1. Reflections on Disciplines and Fields, Problems, Policies, and Life

James F. Short, Jr.

Chapter 2. James F. Short, Jr.—A Legacy of Integration

Charles R. Tittle

Chapter 3. Jim Short and the Chicago School of Sociology

Andrew V. Papachristos

PART TWO. EARLY CAREER CONTRIBUTIONS

Chapter 4. Understanding Lethal Violence: Homicide and Suicide

Charis E. Kubrin

Chapter 5. Measuring Individual Behaviors with Self-Reports: The Case of Self-Reported Delinquency

Alex R. Piquero

PART THREE. CROWNING INSIGHTS

Chapter 6. Core Controversies and Debates in the Study of Gangs

Finn-Aage Esbensen and Cheryl L. Maxson

Chapter 7. Levels of Explanation and the Group Process Perspective

Scott H. Decker and David C. Pyrooz

Chapter 8. Social Observation, Participation, and Ethnography

Mark S. Fleisher

Chapter 9. Status Management and Situational Inducements to Violence

Chris Melde and Mark T. Berg

Chapter 10. Collective Action, Rational Choice, and Gang Delinquency: Appreciating Short and Strodtbeck ([1965] 1974)

Ross L. Matsueda and Charles C. Lanfear

PART FOUR. NOVEL APPLICATIONS TO KNOWLEDGE AND POLICY

Chapter 11. Group Process and Knowledge Formation in Context: Gang Delinquency and Mass Atrocity Crimes

Joachim J. Savelsberg

Chapter 12. Government Commissions and the Search for Knowledge: Basic and Applied

James F. Short, Jr.

PART FIVE. REFLECTION ESSAYS

1. James F. Short, Jr.: A Remembrance

Geoffrey Alpert

2. How Dr. Short Became Jim

Jurg Gerber

3. Jim Short, All-American Advocate

John Hagan

4. Personal Reflections on the Impact of James F. Short, Jr.

Janet L. Lauritsen

5. I Still Blame Jodie Foster

Robert F. Meier

6. Roads Well Traveled and A Life Well Lived

Robert J. Sampson

7. Remembering Jim Short

Charles R. Tittle

Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Lorine A. Hughes, PhD, is Professor of Criminal Justice in the School of Public Affairs at the University of Colorado Denver. Her research and teaching interests include gangs, criminological theory, comparative criminology, social networks, and quantitative methods. She studied under Jim Short at Washington State University and collaborated with him for nearly two decades. Together, they digitized and reanalyzed Short and Strodtbeck’s Chicago gang data using modern methods. Resulting publications have appeared in Criminology, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, and Social Forces.

Lisa M. Broidy, PhD, is Regents’ Professor of Sociology and Criminology at the University of New Mexico and Adjunct Professor at Griffith Criminology Institute in Brisbane Australia. Broadly, her scholarship focuses on the causes of crime, with a particular emphasis on the ways in which gender, life course transitions, institutional contact, strains (including victimization and trauma), and emotions influence offending behavior and related outcomes. Combining these interests, she is currently involved in projects in both Australia and the US that examine the impact of criminal justice contact on the well-being of mothers and their children.

Reviews

"This important volume critically examines James F. Short’s groundbreaking and classic work in urban sociology and criminology, and foreshadows his enduring influence on the field’s future generation of scholars."

Elijah Anderson, Sterling Professor of Sociology and of African American Studies, Department of Sociology, Yale University

"To this day, the fundamental insights that characterized Jim Short's impressive career continue to resonate with criminologists and influence their scholarship. The quality of the contributors and their essays in this volume provide strong testimony to that."

Alfred Blumstein, J. Erik Jonsson University Professor of Urban Systems And Operations Research, Emeritus, Heinz College, Carnegie Mellon University

"The articles in this volume are almost an explosion of praise for the contributions James Short made to the world he was so active a part of as thinker, doer, colleague, and mentor. He was a very special presence. I would add yet another tribute to that already very impressive and well-deserved list. He was elected President of the American Sociological Association at a particularly sensitive time in its history and brought new life to that important organization not only in the year he served as its leader but in the years that preceded and the years that followed."

Kai Erickson, William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor Emeritus of Sociology and American Studies, Department of Sociology, Yale University

"The essays in this volume honor Jim Short and his many contributions to sociology and criminology. Along with Joan Moore, Jim was the Chicago School model for my research. Combining theory and history with close ties to the gang members they studied, both of their collaborative models exemplified field research. It is wonderful to see a collection of work by strong scholars who were similarly influenced by Jim."

John M. Hagedorn, Professor Emeritus of Criminal Justice, Department of Criminology, Law, and Justice, University of Illinois-Chicago