Social Cohesion And Alienation : Minorities In The United States And Japan book cover
1st Edition

Social Cohesion And Alienation
Minorities In The United States And Japan

ISBN 9780367287498
Published September 13, 2019 by Routledge
300 Pages

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Book Description

An attempt at a final summary of much of my work in anthropology has been divided into two separate volumes, Status Inequality: The Self in Culture, 1990, published by Sage Publications and this present volume, Social Cohesion and Alienation: Minorities in the United States and Japan. Many of the themes touched upon in both volumes have appeared in a series of writings that stretch through a period starting in the early sixties through the late eighties. Some of these efforts resulted in books; others appeared separately as invited contributions to symposia, as special issues of journals, or as parts of edited volumes.

Table of Contents

List of Figures, Tables, and Chart -- Preface -- Introduction: A Comparative Approach to Social Cohesion and Minority Alienation -- Chapter Themes and Their Research Base -- Contemporary Japan -- Ethnic America -- 1. Confucian Hierarchy Versus Class Consciousness in Japan -- Historical Patterns in Vertical Relationships -- The Relative Absence of Disruptive Industrial Strife or Personal Alienation: Psychocultural Reasons -- The Expressive Functions of Japanese Paternalism -- Nurture and Succor, Expressive Needs: Actuality and Illusion in Japan -- The Religion of the Family: The Confucian Ethos -- Social Hierarchy in Traditional Confucian Thought -- Confucian Influences on Fonnal Education During the Meiji Period -- Locus of Power Related to Self-Development in Confucian Thought -- Hannony and Propriety: Goals in Confucian Childhood Socialization -- Role Behavior and Religious Experience -- Regularity and Order in the Aesthetic and the Moral -- The Pleasures of Self-Constraint -- Conclusion: Confucianism as a Religion of Family Continuity, Reverence and Gratitude -- 2. Forms or Alienation: Suicide in Japan -- Crises in Belonging: Experiencing Loss of Social Cohesion -- Frustrations of a Dependent Attachment or a Rupture of Status -- Fonns of Japanese Suicide, Past and Present -- Japanese Vulnerability to Suicide: Basic Socialization Experiences -- Crises in Social Cohesion Within Japanese Society -- Suicide: A Failure of Love as Well as an Act of Aggression -- 3. Delinquency, Family Cohesion, and Minority Alienation -- Deviant Behavior: An Index of Relative Social Cohesion -- Urban Migration in Cross-Cultural Perspective -- Social Cohesion and Community Organization in Japan -- Family Life and Delinquency in Japan -- Delinquency in Minorities -- Minority Status and Deviancy in Japan -- 4. The Outcaste Tradition in Modern Japan: A Problem in Social Self-Identity -- Introduction -- Some Ethnographic Features of Urban Duraku -- Group Solidarity Within Duraku Communities -- Socialization, Social Identity and Burakumin Status -- Deviant Attitudes Toward Authority in Educational, Legal, Medical and Welfare Matters -- Conclusion: Class Versus Caste Differences; Implications for a Theory of Social Exploitation -- 5. Ethnic Persistence and Role Degradation: Koreans in Japan -- Instrumental and Expressive Aspects of Ethnic Continuity: The Korean Case -- Koreans in Japan: Expressive Features of Their Social History -- The Maintenance of a Korean Identity: Instrumental Goals Versus Expressive Needs -- Problems of Minority Cohesion in the Japanese State -- 6. Social Degradation and Minority Adaptation -- Adaptive Strategies in American Minorities: Adjustive Considerations -- American Racism and Japanese Adaptation Is There a "Culture of Poverty"? -- 7. Selective Permeability, Field Dependence -- and Reference Group Sanctioning• -- The Function of the Peer Group as a Socializing Agent in Ethnic Identity -- The Defensive Functions of the Peer Group: Reference Group Theory Reconsidered -- Selective Permeability -- American Minorities in the Classroom: Some Psychocultural Considerations -- Peer Group Versus Family as a Reference Group -- Individualistic Adaptation Is Not Necessarily in Conflict with Social Cohesiveness and Social Sensitivity -- Selective Permeability and Social Maturation: An Illustration -- 8. The Passing of Passing in Contemporary Society -- The United States and Japan: Polar Concepts in Social Cohesion -- The Long Voyage Home: The Myth of the Mayflower in Multi-Ethnic America -- Group Change in American Culture: Kin, Class, Caste or Ethnicity? -- Mobility and Vicissitudes in the Experience of Ethnic Identity -- The Persona in Modern Society: Individual or Group? -- The Assumption or Realization of Proper Roles -- Psychocultural Motives for Identity Maintenance or Passing -- Social Cohesion and Belonging in Contemporary America -- About the Book and Author.

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