Social Distinctions in Contemporary Russia : Waiting for the Middle-Class Society? book cover
1st Edition

Social Distinctions in Contemporary Russia
Waiting for the Middle-Class Society?

ISBN 9781032336343
Published June 13, 2022 by Routledge
232 Pages 34 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This book analyses social change in Russia, in particular the development of a middle class, one of the most important social and political projects of Putin’s administration.

Using unique survey data collected in 1998, 2007 and 2015, the authors make extensive and theoretically justified analyses of the changing social distinctions in Russia over the past 20 years. Offering a sophisticated analysis of classes and class they acknowledge that in class analysis there are different phases, requiring different concepts. The first phase is the analysis of class positions; the second is the study of the work and reproduction situations of class groups and the final step is the analysis of class interests. While acknowledging that there are a number Russian-specific factors that seriously complicate traditional class analysis, the authors maintain that the basic tenets of class analysis still hold true.

The book will be of interest to students and scholars of sociology, political science, transition studies, social policy and Russian studies and anyone who wants to understand the internal divisions and organization of the middle class in Russia.

Table of Contents


Jouko Nikula and Mikhail Chernysh

Chapter 1: Specifities of middle-class structuration in Russia.

Markku Kivinen

Chapter 2: The structure of the Russian middle class

Mikhail Chernysh

Chapter 3: The scale and dynamics of employment precarity in Russian society from 1998 to 2015.

Yulia Epikhina

Chapter 4: Social mobility: A theoretical and empirical perspective

Mikhail Chernysh

Chapter 5: The role of the state and performance of the welfare state in Russian people’s opinions: What lessons can be learned with respect to the welfare regime and class situation?

Markku Sippola and Katri-Maria Järvinen

Chapter 6: Working life in Russia

Harri Melin

Chapter 7: Housing the middle class

Marina Khmelnitskaya and Aleksandra Burdyak

Chapter 8: Poverty and confidence in Russia

Simo Mannila and Markus Kainu

Chapter 9: The structure of Russians’ values in the context of social modernization..

Natalia Mastikova

Chapter 10: Waiting for the Middle class society?

Jouko Nikula and Mikhail Chernysh

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Jouko Nikula is Professor Emeritus of the Faculty of Arts, Aleksanteri Institute, the Finnish Centre for Russian and East European Studies, University of Helsinki.

Mikhail Chernysh is First Deputy Director of the Federal Centre of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences and a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.