Issues of social justice have been an important part of social psychology since the explosion of psychological research that occurred during and after World War II. At that time, psychologists began to move away from earlier theories that paid little attention to people's subjective understanding of the world. As increasing attention was paid to people's thoughts about their social experiences, it was discovered that people are strongly affected by their assessments of what is just or fair in their dealings with others. This recognition has led to a broad range of studies exploring what people mean by justice and how it influences their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
Table of Contents
List of Tables and Figures -- Part1 -- Introduction -- 1 The Psychology of Social Justice -- Justice as a Philosophical or Theological Concern -- Justice as a Subjective Issue -- What Is the Psychology of Social Justice About? -- Self-Interest, the Instrumental Model, and the Image of Human Nature -- The Framework of Social Justice Research -- The Field of Social Justice -- 2 Relative Deprivation -- Why Is Relative Deprivation Important? -- Clarifying the Meaning of Relative Deprivation -- Choice of Comparison Referent -- Comparisons with Oneself at Other Points in Time(Temporal Comparisons) -- Comparisons With Other People -- Individual Versus Group Relative Deprivation -- Conceptualizing Social Identities -- Multiple Sources of Comparison Information -- Cognitive Antecedents of Relative Deprivation -- Advantaged Groups -- Problems for the Future -- The Hedonic Treadmill -- The Missing Piece -- Part2 -- Is Justice Important to People's Feelings and Attitudes? -- 3 Distributive Justice -- Equity Theory -- The Criteria Used to Evaluate Distributive Justice -- Micro Versus Macro Distributive Justice -- The Domain of Distributive Justice Concerns -- 4 Procedural Justice -- ProceduralJustice Research -- Implications for Future Procedural Justice Research -- Research Findings -- Social Policy Support -- A Broader Procedural Justice Framework -- Legitimacy -- Procedure and the Effective Functioning of Society -- Procedural Justice Criteria -- Micro Versus Macro Procedural Justice -- Societal Implications -- 5 Retributive Justice -- What Is Retribution? -- America as a Retributive Society -- Why Are People Punitive? -- Retribution in the Future: Will the Future Become the Past? -- Retribution as a Basic Human Motivation -- Retributive Justice in Organized Groups -- The Need for Punishing Rule Breakers -- Rule Typologies -- Retributive Justice Criteria -- Micro and Macro Retributive Justice -- Part3 -- Behavioral Reactions to Justice and Injustice -- 6 Psychological Versus Behavioral Responses to Injustice -- Distributive Justice -- Procedural Justice -- Retributive Justice -- 7 Behavioral Reactions to Injustice -- A General Model of Responses to Grievances -- Possible Behaviors -- Individual-Level Responses to Injustice -- Group-Level Responses to Injustice -- Collective Behaviors Following Rule Breaking -- Naming, Blaming, and Claiming -- When Will People Act Collectively? -- Distributive and Procedural Injustice, -- Intervening Cognitions Between Perceptions of Injustice and Collective Behavior -- Rule Breaking Versus Rule Following -- Part4 -- Why Do People Care About Justice? -- 8 The Nature of the Justice Motive -- Theories ofJustice -- Evidence from Research -- Policy Implications -- The Relationship of Procedural and Retributive Justice, -- Part5 -- When Does Justice Matter? -- 9 Social Structural Influences -- Justice as a Basic Motive -- The Scope of Justice -- Social Context Effects -- 10 Culture -- A Universal Perspective -- A Culture Specific Perspective -- Empirical Issues -- Evidence from Empirical Research -- The Social Construction of Justice Beliefs -- Multiculturalism, Diversity, and Social Justice -- Identification -- References -- About the Book and Authors -- Index.