Despite its impressive economic growth, East Asia is facing daunting challenges in mitigating its social problems, including chronic poverty and worsening social inequality. The past decade has seen growing scholarly interest in the development of East Asian social policies not only because of the sheer size of the population and its global impact, but also due to the stark contrast between this region’s economic prosperity and the ongoing issue of severe social inequality. This book presents a collection of studies on aspects of social protection in East Asian Chinese societies, including Mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong. Contributions by leading social policy scholars working in and on the region aim to promote scholarly understanding of the pressures facing social protection systems in East Asia, identify existing gaps and emerging social policy issues and review the effectiveness of existing programmes. The evidence presented and insights generated will promote further debate and facilitate meaningful comparative social policy studies in the region and beyond. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Asian Public Policy.
Introduction: Social protection in East Asian Chinese societies: challenges, responses and impacts
Peter Saunders and Alex Jingwei He
1. The undeserving poor in China: the institutional logic of the minimum living standard scheme and the hukou system
2. Equity, efficiency and effectiveness: an evaluation study of the urban minimum livelihood guarantee scheme in China
Yu Guo, Yuanyuan Fu, Ernest Wing Tak Chui and Mei Xue
3. Can China’s new rural social pension insurance adequately protect the elderly in times of population ageing?
4. New intergenerational contracts in the making? – The experience of urban China
Xiaohui Zhong and Bingqin LI
5. An examination of food insecurity among economically disadvantaged youths in Taiwan
Kate Yeong-Tsyr Wang and Li-Ching Lyu
6. Child poverty and its impacts on social exclusion in Taiwan
7. Understanding social security trends: an expenditure decomposition approach with application to Australia and Hong Kong