Socrates from Antiquity to the Enlightenment and Socrates in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries : 2 Volume Set book cover
1st Edition

Socrates from Antiquity to the Enlightenment and Socrates in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
2 Volume Set

Edited By

Michael Trapp

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ISBN 9780754660712
Published June 28, 2007 by Routledge
596 Pages

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Book Description

Socrates, son of Sophroniscus, of Alopece is arguably the most richly and diversely commemorated - and appropriated - of all ancient thinkers. Already in Antiquity, vigorous controversy over his significance and value ensured a wide range of conflicting representations. He thus became available to the medieval, renaissance and modern worlds in a provocative variety of roles: as paradigmatic philosopher and representative (for good or ill) of ancient philosophical culture in general; as practitioner of a distinctive philosophical method, and a distinctive philosophical lifestyle; as the ostensible originator of startling doctrines about politics and sex; as martyr (the victim of the most extreme of all miscarriages of justice); as possessor of an extraordinary, and extraordinarily significant physical appearance; and as the archetype of the hen-pecked intellectual. To this day, he continues to be the most readily recognized of ancient philosophers, as much in popular as in academic culture. This two volume set aims to do full justice both to the source material (philosophical, literary, artistic, political), and to the range of interpretative issues it raises. Volume 1, Socrates from Antiquity to the Enlightenment, opens with an Introduction surveying ancient accounts of Socrates, and discussing the origins and current state of the 'Socratic question'. This is followed by three sections, covering the Socrates of Antiquity, with perspectives forward to later developments (especially in drama and the visual arts); Socrates from Late Antiquity to medieval times; and Socrates in the Renaissance and Enlightenment. Volume 2, Socrates in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, opens with an Introduction summarizing the reception of Socrates up to 1800, and describing scholarly study since then. This is followed by sections on the hugely influential Socrateses of Hegel, Kirkegaard and Nietzsche; representations of Socrates (particularly his erotic teaching) principally inspired by Plato's Symposium; and political manipulations of Socratic material, especially in the 20th century. Topics singled out for special attention range from medieval Arabic and Jewish interest in Socrates to the Socrateses of the Cold War period (capitalist and communist). The Socratic presence in drama, music, and the visual arts is a recurring concern in both volumes.

Table of Contents

Contents: Volume 1 - Socrates, from Antiquity to the Enlightenment: Foreword, Judith Herrin, Michael Trapp; Introduction: questions of Socrates, Michael Trapp; The comic Socrates, Peter Brown; Irony in the soul: should Plato's Socrates be sincere? Mary Margaret McCabe; Xenophon's Socrateses, Deborah Levine Gera; Beyond Plato and Xenophon: some other ancient Socrateses, Michael Trapp; The Socratic corpus: Socrates and physiognomy, Daniel R. McLean; Socrates and his companions in art, Joseph Geiger; Two images of Sokrates in the art of the Greek east, Nikolaos Charalabopoulos; Socrates and the early Church, Mark Edwards; Socrates in Hellenistic and medieval Jewish literature, with special regard to Yehuda Hallevi's Kuzari, Gabriel Danzig; The Arabic Socrates: the place of al-Kindi's report in the tradition, Peter Adamson; Socrates in the Italian Renaissance, James Hankins; The refutation of democracy? Socrates in the Enlightenment, Ian Macgregor Morris; Voltaire's Socrates, Russell Goulbourne; Bringing the hemlock up: Jacques-Louis David's Socrates and the inventions of history, Valerie Mainz; Adamance Coray (Koraës): the new literary image of Socrates in the Greek Enlightenment and New Hellenism, Nicholas A.E. Kalospyros; General bibliography; Index. Volume 2: Socrates, in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries: Foreword, Judith Herrin and Michael Trapp; Introduction: the 19th- and 20th-century Socrates, Michael Trapp; Socrates in Hegel, Glenn W. Most; A simple wise man of ancient times: Kierkgaard on Socrates, George Pattison; Nietzsche's Socrateases, Michael Silk; Later views of the Socrates of Plato's Symposium, James Lesher; Anselm Feuerbach's Das Gastmahl des Platon, John Henderson; From amor Socraticus to Socrates amoris: Socrates and the formation of a sexual identity in late Victorian Britain, Alistair Blanshard; The thorn of Sokrates: Georg Kaiser's Alkibiades Saved and Berthold Brecht's Sokrates Wounded, John White; 'Socrates knew...' affect (Besetzung) i

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Michael Trapp is Professor of Greek Literature and Thought in the Department of Classics, King's College London, UK.


’These volumes constitute a valuable resource for future studies of Socrates and much else in studies of culture over the past twenty-four centuries ... a benefaction that should be welcomed by all who value western scholarship and its fruits.’ British Journal for the History of Philosophy