Soil Vapor Extraction Using Radio Frequency Heating
Resource Manual and Technology Demonstration
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One of the most widely used techniques for treating soils contaminated with volatile organic compounds, soil vapor extraction (SVE) can also be applied to semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) if the soil is heated, by applying electromagnetic energy in the radio frequency (FR) range, to increase the vapor pressure of the contaminants. Although RF-SVE systems used in previous field demonstrations have had varying degrees of success, questions remain concerning its viability and cost-effectiveness.
Soil Vapor Extraction Using Radio Frequency Heating: Resource Manual and Technology Demonstration covers detailed scientific and engineering information that answers these questions. The book includes the necessary databases, equations, and example calculations for RF heating. The theoretical and practical information included will facilitate future testing of RF-SVE treatment of soils.
Additionally, the book provides information for a full-scale engineering design of potential RF-SVE applications. The authors use this information to examine predicted performance, magnitude of costs, and modifications to the design that may decrease cost. Soil Vapor Extraction Using Radio Frequency Heating: Resource Manual and Technology Demonstration gives an economic analysis of this innovative technology and considers other possible applications for it.
Table of Contents
Introduction Process Description Site Identification Project Overview Measurement Procedures Measurement Procedures for Characterizing the Matrix Measurement Procedures for Monitoring Operating Parameters Technology Demonstration Introduction RF Heating Demonstration Project Approach Test Site Description Procedures and Field Implementation Demonstration Project Chronology Demonstration Results Conclusions Design Recommendations Engineering Design Hypothetical Site Conditions Treatment Systems Process Equipment Performance Factors and Specifications Heat Balances Contaminant Mass Removal Costs and Economic Analysis Standardized Cost Breakdown Economic Analysis Factors Potential Applications Performance Parameters Potential Applications Economic Factors Regulatory Requirements RF Heating in Conjunction with Other Technologies References Appendices Appendix A-Demonstration Mass Balance Calculations Appendix B-Summary of Demonstration Recorded Data Appendix C-Demonstration Heat Balance and Calculations Appendix D-Demonstration RF Energy Data Appendix E-Idealized Scenarios for Kirtland AFB RF-SVE Demonstration Appendix F-Organic Compound Vapor Pressures Appendix G-Partitioning Interwell Tracer Tests (PITT) Appendix H-Engineering Drawings of Hypothetical Designs Appendix I-Equipment Catalog Cut-Sheet References Appendix J-Mass & Heat Balance Calculations for the Three Hypothetical Design Cases Appendix K-Cost Estimates for the Three Hypothetical Case Design Cases
Lowe, Donald F.; Oubre, Carroll L.; Ward, C. H.