Solved Practical Problems in Fluid Mechanics: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Solved Practical Problems in Fluid Mechanics

1st Edition

By Carl J. Schaschke

CRC Press

264 pages | 92 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2015-08-18
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Description

Contains Fluid Flow Topics Relevant to Every Engineer

Based on the principle that many students learn more effectively by using solved problems, Solved Practical Problems in Fluid Mechanics presents a series of worked examples relating fluid flow concepts to a range of engineering applications. This text integrates simple mathematical approaches that clarify key concepts as well as the significance of their solutions, and fosters an understanding of the fundamentals encountered in engineering. Comprised of nine chapters, this book grapples with a number of relevant problems and asks two pertinent questions to extend understanding and appreciation: What should we look out for? and What else is interesting?

This text can be used for exam preparation and addresses problems that include two-phase and multi-component flow, viscometry and the use of rheometers, non-Newtonian fluids, and applications of classical fluid flow principles. While the author incorporates terminology recognized by all students of engineering and provides a full understanding of the basics, the book is written for engineers who already have a rudimentary understanding and familiarity of fluid flow phenomena. It includes engineering concepts such as dimensionless numbers and requires a fluency in basic mathematical skills, such as differential calculus and the associated application of boundary conditions to reach solutions.

Solved Practical Problems in Fluid Mechanics thoroughly explains the concepts and principles of fluid flow by highlighting various problems frequently encountered by engineers with accompanying solutions. This text can therefore help you gain a complete understanding of fluid mechanics and draw on your own practical experiences to tackle equally tricky problems.

Reviews

"This extremely well written book teaches fluid mechanics in a story-telling style… Difficult concepts are made easy through well-chosen numerous worked examples, many from everyday life, and by asking a lot of questions about physical phenomena for the readers to ponder over. This title will make a worthy addition to the personal and institutional libraries alike."

—Raj Chhabra, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

"The textbook covers a wide range of subject in fluid statics and fluid dynamics, which are useful for both undergraduate and graduate level of students. I recommend getting this book as either as a textbook or as a supplemental textbook to your fluid mechanics course."

—Kirti Sahu, Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad

"The informal style of presentation is attractive and should help keep students engaged. … Numerous, easy-to-follow worked examples throughout the book are a great aid to understanding and helping students learn."

—Dr Laurence Weatherley, The University of Kansas

"… offers snippets of interesting facts related to the problem on hand, as well as other applications of the concepts. There is huge potential to link concepts in fluid mechanics to other aspects of engineering. … We certainly would use it as a main reference for our students."

—Sin-Moh Cheah, Singapore Polytechnic

"The textbook contains a wealth of valuable examples and problems found in Chemical Process Industry. I highly recommend getting it as either a standalone or a supplemental textbook to your Fluid Mechanics course."

—Brian Aufderheide, University of Trinidad and Tobago

Table of Contents

Fluid Statics

Introduction

Fluid Statics

Falkirk Wheel

Gauge Pressure

Air Pressure with Altitude

Pascal’s Paradox

Fish Ladder

Vessel Sizing and Testing

Air Lift

Liquid–Liquid Separator

Further Problems

Flow Measurement

Introduction

Venturi Meter Calibration

Orifice Plate Meter

Evaluation of the Coefficient of Discharge Coefficient

Pitot Tube Traverse

Venturi Flume

Flowmeter Calibration by Dilution Method

Further Problems

Freely Discharging Flow

Introduction

Discharge through an Orifice

Reservoir Inflow

Laminar Flow

Tank Drainage

Tank Drainage through a Connecting Pipe

Drainage between Tanks

Tank Containment

Siphon

Water Clock

Force on a Nozzle

Further Problems

Frictional Flow

Introduction

Connected Reservoir Flow

Laminar Flow

Tapered Pipe Section

Ventilation Duct Sizing

Flow in Noncircular Ducts

Valve Test

Bingham Fluid Flow

Power Required for Pumping

Pipes in Series

Determination of Pipe Diameter for a Given Flow Rate

Drainage through a Horizontal Pipe

Shear Stress at a Surface

Flow in a Vertical Pipe

Minimum Pipe Diameter for Maximum Pressure Drop

Further Problems

Pumps

Introduction

Pumping of Viscous Liquids

Duty Point 1

Duty Point 2

Pumping Costs

Multi-Phase Pumps and Applications

Centrifugal Pump Scale-Up

Net Positive Suction Head

Centrifugal Pump Scale-Down

Centrifugal Pump Efficiency

Reciprocating Pump

Further Problems

Multi-Phase Flow

Introduction

Open Channel Flow

Open Channel Flow

Stratified Flow

Notches and Weirs

Two-Phase Oil and Gas Flow

Immiscible Liquids

Quality of a Gas

Flow Regimes in Vertical Pipes

Vertical Two-Phase Flow

Two-Phase Flow in a Horizontal Pipe

Flow in Horizontal Pipes

Bubbly Flow

Further Problems

Fluid Mixing

Introduction

Liquid–Solid Mixing

Connected Mixing Tanks

CSTRs in Series

Dimensional Analysis

Impeller Power Requirement for Mixing

Power for Mixing Scale-Up

Gas Bubbles in Mixing

Foams

Mixing in the Food Industry

Power for Sparging

Optimisation of Power Input in Stirred Tanks

Scale-Up

Further Problems

Particle Flow

Introduction

Stokes’ Law

Particle Settling in Lagoons

Particle Acceleration

Particle Separation by Elutriation

Anomalies in Particle Settling

Fluidized Bed

Minimum Fluidizing Velocity

Pneumatic Conveyor

Hydrocyclone Particle Separation

Power Demand in Fluidized Beds

Bubble Nucleation and Growth

Cyclone Separator

Centrifugal Separator

Further Problems

Rheology and Non-Newtonian Fluids

Introduction

Parallel-Disc Rheometer

Cone-and-Plate Rheometer

Couette Rheometer

Power Law Model

Rheometer Data Analysis

Extrusion of Polymers

Mixing of Non-Newtonian Fluids

Non-Newtonian Pipe Flow

Pipe Length for Non-Newtonian Fluid Flow

Bingham Fluid Flow

Further Problems

Further Reading

Index

About the Author

Carl Schaschke, Ph.D., is a chemical engineer and head of the School of Science, Engineering, and Technology at Abertay University (Dundee, Scotland). He previously served as head of the Department of Chemical and Process Engineering at the University of Strathclyde (Glasgow, Scotland) for eight years. Prior to pursuing a Ph.D. in chemical engineering, Dr. Schaschke worked in the nuclear reprocessing industry at Sellafield (Cumbria, United Kingdom). In addition, his research interests are in the thermophysical measurement of substances under extreme pressure, he has taught fluid mechanics to undergraduates, and he has published several books.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical