Sophocles and Alcibiades
Athenian Politics in Ancient Greek Literature
Literary historians have long held the view that the plays of the Greek dramatist, Sophocles deal purely with archetypes of the heroic past and that any resemblance to contemporary events or individuals is purely coincidental. In this book, Michael Vickers challenges this view and argues that Sophocles makes regular and extensive allusion to Athenian politics in his plays, especially to Alcibiades, one of the most controversial Athenian politicians of his day.Vickers shows that Sophocles was no closeted intellectual but a man deeply involved in politics and he reminds us that Athenian politics was intensely personal. He argues cogently that classical writers employed hidden meanings and that consciously or sub-consciously, Sophocles was projecting onto his plays hints of contemporary events or incidents, mostly of a political nature, hoping that his audience's passion for politics would enhance the popularity of his plays. Vickers strengthens his case about Sophocles by discussing other authors - Thucydides, Plato and Euripides - in whom he also demonstrates a body of allusions to Alcibiades and others.
Table of Contents
Preface 1. The mythologizing of history 2. Antigone, Pericles and Alcibiades 3. Oedipus Tyrannus, Alcibiades, Cleon and Aspasia 4. Ajax, Alcibiades and Andocides 5. Philoctetes, Alcibiades, Andocides and Pericles 6. Alcibiades in exile: Euripides' Cyclops 7. Oedipus at Colonus, Alcibiades and Critias 8. Critias and Alcibiades: Euripides' Bacchae 9. Alcibiades and Melos: Thucydides 5.84-116 10. Thucydides on tyrannicides: not a 'digression' 11. Alcibiades and Persia (and more Thucydidean 'digressions') 12. Alcibiades and Critias in the Gorgias: Plato's 'fine satire' Epilogue Bibliography Index locorum Index
Professor Michael Vickers is Emeritus Fellow, formerly Senior Research Fellow in Classical Studies, Professor of Archaeology, Dean of Degrees, Jesus College.