During the last 20 years, there has been an enormous amount of research examining sources of coherence in reading. A major tenet of this work has been the distinction between two major sources of coherence. "Text-based" sources of coherence are contained within the text itself -- use of headings to indicate aspects of a text's macrostructure; "reader-based" sources of coherence encompass the information and strategies that the reader brings to the comprehension process. Many early models of reading comprehension emphasized text-based sources of coherence as a way of understanding how a representation of the text is constructed in memory. However, during the last decade, there has been a clear shift of theoretical perspective away from viewing reading comprehension as a process of representing a text to viewing comprehension as a process of representing what a text is about. This has led to a greater emphasis on reader-based sources of coherence. The purpose of this book is to bring together the large body of evidence addressing the roles of text-based and reader-based sources of coherence in reading comprehension. The contributors present the current state of cognitive theory and research on comprehension of discourse.
Contents: R.F. Lorch, Jr., E.J. O'Brien, Introduction: Sources of Coherence in Reading. K. Rayner, G.E. Raney, A. Pollatsek, Eye Movements and Discourse Processing. J.M. Keenan, T.M. Jennings, The Role of Word-Based Priming in Inference Research. W.K. Estes, Response Processes in Cognitive Models. A.W. Inhoff, C. Connine, Perceptual Similarity and Salience in the Accessing of Lexical Meaning. S.A. Duffy, A.F. Hundley, P.A. Baligian, Inferencing Upside Down. J.D. Murray, Logical Connectives and Local Coherence. J.M. Golding, K.M. Millis, J. Hauselt, S.A. Sego, The Effect of Connectives and Causal Relatedness on Text Comprehension. S. Dopkins, J. Nordlie, Processes of Anaphor Resolution. E.J. O'Brien, Automatic Components of Discourse Comprehension. E.N. Kamas, L.M. Reder, The Role of Familiarity in Cognitive Processing. C.R. Fletcher, S.T. Chrysler, P. van den Broek, J.A. Deaton, C.P. Bloom, The Role of Co-Occurrence, Coreference, and Causality in the Coherence of Conjoined Sentences. T. Trabasso, S. Suh, P. Payton, R. Jain, Explanatory Inferences and Other Strategies During Comprehension and Their Effect on Recall. M. Singer, Causal Validation and Causal Comprehension. J.E. Albrecht, E.J. O'Brien, Goal Processing and the Maintenance of Global Coherence. R.F. Lorch, Jr., Integration of Topic Information During Reading. A.C. Graesser, E.L. Bertus, J.P. Magliano, Inference Generation During the Comprehension of Narrative Text. W. Kintsch, M. Franzke, The Role of Background Knowledge in the Recall of a News Story. C.M. Jones, Construction of a Mental Model. P. van den Broek, K. Risden, E. Husebye-Hartmann, The Role of Readers' Standards for Coherence in the Generation of Inferences During Reading. R.F. Lorch, Jr., M.A. Klusewitz, E.P. Lorch, Distinctions Among Reading Situations.