South Africa: The Rise and Fall of Apartheid, 3rd Edition (Paperback) book cover

South Africa

The Rise and Fall of Apartheid, 3rd Edition

By Nancy L. Clark, William H. Worger


232 pages | 10 B/W Illus.

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Paperback: 9781138963238
pub: 2016-06-28
Hardback: 9781138124448
pub: 2016-06-27
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315621562
pub: 2016-06-17
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South Africa: The Rise and Fall of Apartheid examines the history of South Africa from 1948 to the present day, covering the introduction of the oppressive policy of apartheid when the Nationalists came to power, its mounting opposition in the 1970s and 1980s, its eventual collapse in the 1990s, and its legacy up to the present day.

Fully revised, the third edition includes:

  • new material on the impact of apartheid, including the social and cultural effects of the urbanization that occurred when Africans were forced out of rural areas
  • analysis of recent political and economic issues that are rooted in the apartheid regime, particularly continuing unemployment and the emergence of opposition political parties such as the Economic Freedom Fighters
  • an updated Further Reading section, reflecting the greatly increased availability of online materials
  • an expanded set of primary source documents, providing insight into the minds of those who enforced apartheid and those who fought it.

Illustrated with photographs, maps and figures and including a chronology of events, glossary and Who’s Who of key figures, this essential text provides students with a current, clear, and succinct introduction to the ideology and practice of apartheid in South Africa.


"South Africa: The rise and fall of apartheid provides a detailed, informed, and highly readable introduction to the major themes concerning apartheid South Africa, its development, evolution, and ultimately its collapse. It offers a quick and informative entry point for those new to South African history, covering a broad overview of key political, societal and economic issues. What makes this book particularly useful is the section assessing the diverse historiography, supplemented by a range of key primary documents from across the apartheid era. An analytical and accessible insight into apartheid South Africa."

Matthew Graham, University of Dundee, UK

"Clark and Worger’s South Africa remains one of the most relevant yet accessible texts for students of Apartheid. Including key timelines, source documents and analytical essays this 3rd edition shows the universal demand for this important work which has been updated to incorporate life in post-Apartheid South Africa up to 2015."

Nicholas J. Evans, University of Hull, UK

"The 3rd edition of Clark & Worger's South Africa is a wonderfully concise but extremely thorough account of apartheid, which makes the complexities and contradictions of modern South African history accessible to undergraduate students. The addition of electronic resources, films, and suggestions for further reading in the the 3rd edition not only complement the combination of narrative and primary sources within the text, but also serve as a valuable tool for instructional course design and student research. It is an ideal text for an undergraduate classroom."

Molly McCullers, University of West Georgia, USA

"This revised edition offers a timely and relevant introduction to a complex and still contested period of South Africa’s past. It is thoughtfully expanded to include primary sources and recent historiography which emphasize the social dimensions and repercussions of apartheid. Teachers and students of South African history will find the historical documents and the updated further reading (with new visual and online sources) sections particularly useful resources."

Rebekah Lee, Goldsmiths, University of London, UK

Table of Contents

List of plates

List of figures

List of tables



Who’s who





The peoples of South Africa

The creation of South Africa: the South African War and its aftermath

Union and segregation

The African response

The rise of Afrikanerdom



Why apartheid?

The implementation of apartheid

Early apartheid legislation

Challenge and repression

The ‘grand apartheid’ solution


The impact of apartheid

The failure of grand apartheid

Essential workers: the failure of labour control

Bantu education and black consciousness

The apartheid police state

The total strategy

From failure to reform?: The 1983 constitution


Reform and repression






1 Manifesto of the ANC Youth League, 1944

2 Verwoerd explains apartheid, 1950

3 Mandela speaks on the need to challenge apartheid, 1953

4 Mrs. Dumani describes how segregationist and apartheid laws destroyed her family, 1957

5 The Freedom Charter, 1955

6 Frances Baard describes how women organised to protest

the pass laws, 1956

7 Robert Sobukwe, ‘My Idea of Africa in 1973’, 1959

8 Stephen Biko explains ‘black consciousness’, 1971

9 Dan Montsisi testifies as to the origins of the Soweto uprising, 1976

10 Dan Montsisi is tortured by the police, 1977

11 An ordinary policeman explains his involvement in the killing of Stephen Biko, 1977

12 Declaration of the United Democratic Front, 20 August 1983

13 Margaret Friedman speaks about the assassination of her partner, Dr. David Webster, and her search for his killers, 1989.

14 F.W. de Klerk announces the unbanning of the ANC and the freeing of Mandela, 1990

15 Eugene de Kock talks about killing people, 1990

16 Nelson Mandela cautions that the struggle for freedom remains to be won, 1990

17 Mandela speaks of freedom attained, at his inauguration as president of South Africa, 1994


Guide to Further Reading




About the Authors

Nancy L. Clark is the DeGrummond Professor of History at Louisiana State University. Her publications include Manufacturing Apartheid: State Corporations in South Africa (1994). William H. Worger is Professor of History at the University of California, Los Angeles, and his publications include South Africa’s City of Diamonds: Mine Workers and Monopoly Capitalism in Kimberley, 1867-1895 (1987). Together they have edited Africa and the West: A Documentary History, Volume 1: From the Slave Trade to Conquest, 1441-1905, (2010) and Africa and the West: A Documentary History, Volume 2: From Colonialism to Independence, 1875 to the Present, (2010).

About the Series

Seminar Studies

Each book in the Seminar Studies series provides a concise and reliable introduction to a wide range of complex historical events and debates, covering topics in British, European, US and world history from the early modern period to the present day. Written by acknowledged experts and including supporting material such as extracts from historical documents, chronologies, glossaries, guides to key figures and further reading suggestions, Seminar Studies titles are essential reading for students of history.

Almost half a century after its launch, the series continues to introduce students to the problems involved in explaining the past, giving them the opportunity to grapple with historical documents and encouraging them to reach their own conclusions. To submit proposals for new books in the Seminar Studies series, please contact the series editors:

Clive.Emsley: clive.emsley @

Gordon Martel: Gordon.Martel @

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / General
HISTORY / Africa / General