The nuclear test explosions in India and Pakistan in 1998, followed by the outbreak of hostilities over Kashmir in 1999, marked a frightening new turn in the ancient, bitter enmity between the two nations. Although the tension was eclipsed by the events of 9/11 and the subsequent American attacks on Afghanistan and Iraq, it has not disappeared, as evidenced by the 2001 attack in the Indian Parliament by Islamic fundamentalists out of Kashmir. By 2002, these two nuclear-armed neighbors seemed to be once again on the brink of war. This book outlines the strategic structure of the rivalry and the dynamic forces driving it, and investigates various possible solutions. The expert contributors focus on the India-Pakistan rivalry, but also consider the China factor in South Asia's nuclear security dilemma. Although essentially political-strategic in its approach, the book includes coverage of opposing military arsenals and the impact of local terrorism on the delicate balance of power.
List of Tables and Figures; Introduction: South Asia's Nuclear Security Dilemma, Lowell Dittmer; Part I. The Political Economy of Minimal Deterrence; 1. The Political Economy of the India-Pakistan Nuclear Standoff, Lawrence Saez; 2. Nuclear Crisis Stability in South Asia, Sumit Ganguly and Kent L. Biringer; 3. Military Technology, National Power, and Regional Security: The Strategic Significance of India's Nuclear, Missile, Space, and Missile Defense Forces, Dinshaw Mistry; 4. India and Pakistan: Nuclear-Related Programs and Aspirations at Sea, Rahul Roy-Chaudhury; Part II. The Power Structure of the Region; 5. Pakistan's Nuclear Testing, Hasan-Askari Rizvi; 6. Strategic Myopia: Pakistan's Nuclear Doctrine and Crisis Stability in South Asia, Timothy D. Hoyt; 7. Nuclear Weapons and the Kargil Crisis: How and What Have Pakistanis Learned?, Samina Ahmed; 8. Foe or Friend? Chinese Assessment of a Rising India after Pokhran-II, Jing-dong Yuan; 9. The Causes and Consequences of China-Pakistani Nuclear/Missile Collaboration, T.V. Paul; 10. Conclusion: On the Current Status and Future Outlook of South Asia's Security Tangle, Lowell Dittmer; About the Editor and Contributors; Index