Sovereigns and Subjects in Early Modern Neo-Senecan Drama examines the development of neo-Senecan drama, also known as ’closet drama’, during the years 1590-1613. It is the first book-length study since 1924 to consider these plays - the dramatic works of Mary Sidney, Samuel Daniel, Samuel Brandon, Fulke Greville, Sir William Alexander, and Elizabeth Cary, along with the Roman tragedies of Ben Jonson and Thomas Kyd - as a coherent group. Daniel Cadman suggests these works interrogate the relations between sovereigns and subjects during the early modern period by engaging with the humanist discourses of republicanism and stoicism. Cadman argues that the texts under study probe various aspects of this dynamic and illuminate the ways in which stoicism and republicanism provide essential frameworks for negotiating this relationship between the marginalized courtier and the absolute sovereign. He demonstrates how aristocrats and courtiers, such as Sidney, Greville, Alexander, and Cary, were able to use the neo-Senecan form to consider aspects of their limited political agency under an absolute monarch, while others, such as Brandon and Daniel, respond to similarly marginalized positions within both political and patronage networks. In analyzing how these plays illuminate various aspects of early modern political culture, this book addresses several gaps in the scholarship of early modern drama and explores new contexts in relation to more familiar writers, as well as extending the critical debate to include hitherto neglected authors.
Table of Contents
1 ' The hurtful works of pleasure here behold': Stoicism and Sovereignty in Mary Sidney's Antonius
2 'Plurality of Caesars': Politics, Stoicism, and Exemplarity in the Roman Plays of Thomas Kyd, Samuel Daniel, and Samuel Brandom
3 Giving Tyrants Fame: Fulke Greville's Mustapha and Alaham
4 William Alexander's Darius and The Alexandroean Tragedy, and Samual Daniels Philotas
5 'The losse of that which fortune lends': William Alexander's Croesus and Julius Caesar
6 'Insolent fictions of the tragic scene': Stoicism and Republicanism in Ben Jonson's Sejamus and Catiline
7 'The news we heard did tell the tyrant's end': Elizabeth Cary's The Tragedy of Mariam
Daniel Cadman is Associate Lecturer in English, Sheffield Hallam University, UK.