Soviet Science and Engineering in the Shadow of the Cold War: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Soviet Science and Engineering in the Shadow of the Cold War

1st Edition

By Hiroshi Ichikawa

Routledge

196 pages

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Hardback: 9781138552456
pub: 2018-10-19
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Description

The 1950s were a vital time in the history of science. In accordance with the intensification of the Cold War, many scientific talents were mobilized to several military-related research and development projects not only in the United States, but also in the Soviet Union. Contrary to the expectation of General Leslie Groves, a leader of the Manhattan Project, the Soviet Union succeeded in their nuclear weapon development in a very short time. And then, by the end of the decade, mankind reached the dawn of the Atomic Age proper with the beginning of the operation of the world’s first civil nuclear power plant in Obninsk in 1954. The risky and costly developments of new weapons such as rockets, jet warplanes, and computers were achieved by the Soviet Union in a very short time after World War Ⅱ in spite of the heavy economic damage caused by the battles with German troops in Soviet territory.

Why were such a great number of scientific talents mobilized to various Soviet Cold War research and development projects? What were the true natures, and real consequences of the rushed Cold War projects? How did Soviet scientists approach the nuclear age? Thanks to the study of formerly classified Soviet archives, a more nuanced view of Soviet society has become possible. To resolve the above-mentioned questions, Ichikawa analyses the complicated interactions among various factors, including the indigenous contradictions in the historical development of science in the Soviet Union; conflicts among the related interest groups; relationships with the political leadership and the military, the role of ideology and others.

Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

PART.I. What Drove the Scientists to the Cold War?: In the Case of Physicists.

Chapter 1: "Jealousy" and "Discord:" The Conflicts among Physicists during the War.

Chapter 2. "Ideology" or "Harassment"? : "The Physics Conference" Unopened.

PART II, Some Aspects of the Soviet Cold War Research and Developments.

Chapter 3. "Foresight" or "Survival"? : Rocket Development and the Ministry of Armament

Chapter 4. Plunder of Technology: Jet Plane Development and German Technology

Chapter 5. "Concealed Rivalry": The Early Days of Computer Development.

PART III. "Hope" and "Anxiety:" Soviet Science at the Dawn of the Nuclear Age.

Chapter 6, Obninsk, 1955: The World’s First Nuclear Power Plant and "The Atomic Diplomacy" by Soviet Scientists.

Chapter 7. "A Double-edged Sword:" Radiation Studies and the Normalization of Biological Sciences.

Chapter 8. Anna Vasil’evna Kozlova (1906-19080): The Fate of the Data on the Casualties of Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and Bikini.

Conclusion

Index

About the Author

Hiroshi Ichikawa is Professor of the History of Science and Technology in the Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences at Hiroshima University, Japan

About the Series

Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine

Studies in the History of Science Technology and Medicine aims to stimulate research in the field, concentrating on the twentieth century. It seeks to contribute to our understanding of science, technology and medicine as they are embedded in society, exploring the links between the subjects on the one hand, and the cultural, economic, political and institutional contexts of their genesis and development on the other. Within this framework, and while not favouring any particular methodological approach, the series welcomes studies which examine relations between science, technology, medicine and society in new ways, e.g. the social construction of technologies, large technical systems.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOC008000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Ethnic Studies / General