Spark Discharge: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Spark Discharge

1st Edition

By Eduard M. Bazelyan, Yuri P. Raizer

CRC Press

312 pages

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Hardback: 9780849328688
pub: 1997-08-21
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780203739075
pub: 2017-11-13
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Spark Discharge is a first-of-its-kind text, providing a comprehensive and systematic description of the spark breakdown of long gas gaps. It discusses the nature of a long spark, physical peculiarities of relevant gas discharge processes, methods and results of experimental studies, and analytical and numerical models. The most important applications in high-voltage engineering are covered in a single volume.

The straightforward presentation of complicated materials, the deep insight into the nature of the processes, and the simplified mathematical descriptions of the phenomena, make Spark Discharge an excellent textbook for students and an indispensable reference for researchers, physicists, and engineers.

Table of Contents

1 The Concepts of Spark, Corona, and Breakdown

Lightning and Long Spark Leaders

Corona and Spark Discharges

Avalanche and Streamer Mechanisms of Gas Breakdown

What Is a Breakdown?

2 Basic Information on Processes in Ionized Gases

Drift and Diffusion of Electrons and Ions

Molecular Ionization and Excitation

Electron Loss and Liberation

Electron and Ion Gases in Electric Fields

Breakdown by Avalanche Multiplcation

Induced Charge and Circuit Current

Strongly Ionized Equilibrium Plasma

Equilibrium Plasma Arc with Current

3 Basic Processes in Spark Breakdown

Streamer as an Ionization Wave

Electrical Properties of a Plasma Channel

Gas Temperature and Energy Balance

Initial Ionization Mechanisms

The Streamer Inception

Is a Streamer Breakdown Possible?

An Ionization Wave in Spark Breakdown

4 Experimental Techniques

High Voltage Sources

Voltage Measurement

Current Measurement

Current Data Analysis

Gap Charge Measurement

Electric Field Measurement

Optical Registration of Discharge


Gap Field Data: Theory and Reality

5 Long Streamers

Phenomenology and Dimensions

Streamer Velocity

Streamer Channel Field

Current and Charge Data Analysis

Numerical Simulation

The Ionization Expansion Model

6 The Leader Process

General Description

Leader Velocity Measurement

Current and Charge Measurement

Channel and Streamer Zone Fields

Leader Channel Expansion

Comparison of Leader and Streamer Parameters

Streamer Zone and Cover Charges

The Origin of Leader Current

Streamer-Leader Transition

Leader Support Voltage

The Leader Family

7 Electrical Strength of Long Gaps

A Weakly Nonuniform Gap

A Strongly Nonuniform Gap

The Time-Voltage Characteristic

Breakdown Voltage Deviation

A Supplement



Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical