173 pages | 19 Color Illus. | 4 B/W Illus.
The neighborhoods and the biophysical, political, and cultural environments all play a key role in affecting health outcomes of individuals. Unequal spatial distribution of resources such as clinics, hospitals, public transportation, fresh food markets, and schools could make some communities as a whole more vulnerable and less resilient to adverse health effects. This somber reality suggests that it is rather the question of "who you are depends upon where you are" and the fact that health inequality is both a people and a place concern. That is why health inequality needs to be investigated in a spatial setting to deepen our understanding of why and how some geographical areas experience poorer health than others. This book introduces how spatial context shapes health inequalities.
Spatial Health Inequalities: Adapting GIS Tools and Data Analysis demonstrates the spatial health inequalities in six most important topics in environmental and public health, including food insecurity, birth health outcomes, infectious diseases, children’s lead poisoning, chronic diseases, and health care access. These are the topics that the author has done extensive research on and provides a detailed description of the topic from a global perspective. Each chapter identifies relevant data and data sources, discusses key literature on appropriate techniques, and then illustrates with real data with mapping and GIS techniques. This is a unique book for students, geographers, clinicians, health and research professionals and community members interested in applying GIS and spatial analysis to the study of health inequalities.
"This textbook places firmly the importance of geographic contexts to spatial health, medical geography, and geo-medicine. It is informative and instrumental for anyone who is interested in learning health inequalities and GIS applications."
—May Yuan, University of Texas at Dallas, USA
"I thoroughly enjoyed this addition to the GIS and Health canon. What is particularly nice is the focus on real-world examples allowing students to make the connection between technique, theory and actual need. The book is not overly dense on jargon meaning – it is also a good first exposure for readers with little or no GIS ability. Highly recommended as an entry point into the spatial health world."
—Andrew Curtis, Kent State University, Ohio, USA
"Dr. Ozdenerol’s book Spatial Health Inequalities: Adapting GIS Tools and Data Analysis, provides an exceptional overview of the important role of GIS in regional, national, and international health system improvement efforts and delves deep into the ways that both communities and researchers can use GIS to track and improve health. Her important work is ideally suited as a primary text for a course on GIS and can readily guide students through the many ways GIS tools and data can be employed in applied public health and health care research."
— James E. Bailey, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, USA
New Emerging Trends in Health Information Technology
Current Role of GIS in the Health-Care System
Patient-Centric Applications of GIS
Population-Oriented Uses of GIS
Citizen-Contributed Geographic Information
Disease and Bioterrorism Surveillance
Geographic Characteristics of Bioterrorism Attack
Interactive Maps and Analysis Tools
Scale Factor in Obesity Studies
Physical Environmental Data
Personal Environmental Attributes
GIS’s Role in Cancer Health Disparities
Birth Morbidity Data
Low Birth Weight
Regional Variations of WNV Distribution
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Children’s Lead Poisoning
Children’s Exposure to Lead
Data Collection Processes
Geocoding Screened Cases
Spatial Analytical Methods
Environmental Risk Factors
GIS’s Applications in Health-Care Access
GIS’s Role in Determining Disparities in Health-Care Access
Data for Health Services Resources and Planning
Data Limitations in Small-Area Health-Care Variation Studies
Spatial Issues in Rural and Regional Health Disparities
Health Profession Distribution
Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Intervention Measures