This book demonstrates the spatialized and multi-scalar nature of Islamophobia. It provides ground-breaking insights in recognising the importance of space in the formation of anti-Muslim racism.
Through the exploration of complementary data, both from existing quantitative databases and directly from victims of Islamophobia, applied in two important European capitals - Paris and London - this book brings new materials to research on Islamophobia and argues that Islamophobia is also a spatialized process that occurs at various interrelated spatial scales: globe, nation, urban, neighbourhood and body (and mind). In so doing, this book establishes and advances the new concept of ‘Spatialized Islamophobia’ by exploring global, national, urban, infra-urban, embodied and emotional Islamophobias as well as their complex interrelationships. It also offer a critical discussion of the geographies of Islamophobia by pointing out the lack of geographical approaches to Islamophobia Studies. By using self-reflexivity, the author raises important questions that may have hampered the study of ‘Spatialized Islamophobia’, focusing in particular on the favoured methodologies which too often remain qualitative, as well as on the whiteness of the discipline of Geography which can disrupt the legitimacy of a certain knowledge.
The book will be an important reference for those in the fields of Human Geography, Sociology, Politics, Racial Studies, Religious Studies and Muslim studies.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction: A Spatialized Definition of Islamophobia
Chapter 2 Global and National Islamophobia
Chapter 3 Urban and Infra-urban Islamophobia
Chapter 4 Embodied and Emotional Islamophobia
Chapter 5 Conclusion: Towards a Critical Geography of Islamophobia
Kawtar Najib is a social and urban geographer with research interests in social inequality and religious discrimination using both quantitative and qualitative methods. She was a Marie Curie Fellow at Newcastle University where she was the principal researcher of the SAMA project (Spaces of Anti-Muslim Acts), funded by the European Commission, which highlights the impact of Islamophobic discrimination on space and people. She earned her PhD in Geography and Planning at the University of Franche-Comté (France) on socio-spatial inequality and residential segregation in urban neighbourhoods. Her research focuses on geographies of degradation, gentrification and social mixing, and explores more broadly issues of social justice.