Under what conditions does the internal cohesiveness of the European Union determine its external effectiveness on the world stage? This book asks this question, investigating the frequent political assumption that the more cohesive the EU presents itself to the world, the more effective it is in achieving its goals. Contributions to this book explore this theory from a range of perspectives, from trade to foreign policy, and highlight complex patterns between internal cohesiveness and external effectiveness. These are simplified into three possible configurations: internal cohesiveness has a positive impact on external effectiveness; internal cohesiveness has no impact on external effectiveness; and internal cohesiveness has a negative impact on external effectiveness. The international context in which the EU operates, which includes the bargaining configuration and the policy arena, functions as an intervening variable that helps us to explain variation in these causal links. The book also launches a research agenda aimed at explaining these patterns more systematically and determining the marginal impact of cohesiveness on effectiveness. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.
Table of Contents
1. Speaking with a single voice: internal cohesiveness and external effectiveness of the EU in global governance
Eugénia da Conceição-Heldt and Sophie Meunier
2. When speaking with a single voice isn’t enough: bargaining power (a)symmetry and EU external effectiveness in global trade governance
Eugénia da Conceição-Heldt
3. Divide and conquer? China and the cacophony of foreign investment rules in the EU
4. EU actorness, cohesiveness and effectiveness in environmental affairs
5. One voice, one message, but conflicting goals: cohesiveness and consistency in the European Neighbourhood Policy
Tanja A. Börzel and Vera van Hüllen
6. The European Union in the United Nations: an effective external actor?
7. Beyond ‘one voice’? Global Europe’s engagement with its own diversity
Gjovalin Macaj and Kalypso Nicolaïdis
Eugénia da Conceição-Heldt is Professor of International Politics at the Technische Universität Dresden, Germany.
Sophie Meunier is Research Scholar and Co-Director of the European Union Program at Princeton University, New Jersey, USA.