Spectrum Sharing in Wireless Networks: Fairness, Efficiency, and Security, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Spectrum Sharing in Wireless Networks

Fairness, Efficiency, and Security, 1st Edition

Edited by John D. Matyjas, Sunil Kumar, Fei Hu

CRC Press

706 pages | 236 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-12-06
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Description

Spectrum Sharing in Wireless Networks: Fairness, Efficiency, and Security provides a broad overview of wireless network spectrum sharing in seven distinct sections: The first section examines the big picture and basic principles, explaining the concepts of spectrum sharing, hardware/software function requirements for efficient sharing, and future trends of sharing strategies.

The second section contains more than 10 chapters that discuss differing approaches to efficient spectrum sharing. The authors introduce a new coexistence and sharing scheme for multi-hop networks, describe the space-time sharing concept, introduce LTE-U, and examine sharing in broadcast and unicast environments. They then talk about different cooperation strategies to achieve mutual benefits for primary users (PU) and secondary users (SU), discuss protocols in a spectrum sharing context, and provide different game theory models between PUs and SUs.

The third section explains how to model the interactions of PUs and SUs, using an efficient calculation method to determine spectrum availability. Additionally, this section explains how to use scheduling models to achieve efficient SU traffic delivery. The subject of the fourth section is MIMO-oriented design. It focuses on how directional antennas and MIMO antennas greatly enhance wireless network performance. The authors include a few chapters on capacity/rate calculations as well as beamforming issues under MIMO antennas.

Power control is covered in the fifth section which also describes the interference-aware power allocation schemes among cognitive radio users and the power control schemes in cognitive radios. The sixth section provides a comprehensive look at security issues, including different types of spectrum sharing attacks and threats as well as corresponding countermeasure schemes. The seventh and final section covers issues pertaining to military applications and examines how the military task protects its data flows when sharing the spectrum with civilian applications.

Table of Contents

BIG PICTURE

Physical Aspects of Spectrum Sharing

Michael Fitch

Introduction

Radio Technology Aspects of Sharing

Types of Spectrum Sharing

Spectrum Management

Traffic Patterns

References

Perspective on the Design of Opportunistic Spectrum Sharing

Haythem Bany Salameh

Introduction

Network Architecture

Spectrum Sharing Problem Statement and Objectives

Issues in Designing Spectrum Sharing Mechanisms

Tradeoffs in Selecting the Operating Channel

State-of-the-Art Spectrum Sharing Protocols in CRNs

Complementary Approaches and Optimizations

Summary and Open Research Problems

References

APPROACHES TO SPECTRUM SHARING

New Coexistence and Sharing Paradigms for Multihop Secondary Networks

Xu Yuan, Brian Jalaian, Y. Thomas Hou, Wenjing Lou, Scott F. Midkiff, and Sastry Kompella

Introduction

Transparent Coexistence Paradigm

Cooperative Sharing Paradigm

Summary

Acknowledgments

References

Space-Time Spectrum Sharing in Cognitive Radio Networks

Zhiqing Wei, Zhiyong Feng, and Qixun Zhang

Introduction

System Model

Temporal Spectrum Opportunity in Gray Region

Spatial Spectrum Opportunity in White Region

The Bounds of Three Regions

Numerical Results

Conclusion

References

LTE in the Unlicensed Band (LTE-U)

David Tung Chong Wong, Qian Chen, Francois Chin, and Xiaoming Peng

Introduction

Overview of Traditional LTE in the Licensed Band

Overview of Traditional Wi-Fi in the Unlicensed Band

LTE in the Unlicensed Band

Conclusions

References

Spectrum Sharing in Broadcast and Unicast Hybrid Cellular Networks

Hongxiang Li

System Model

Hybrid System Analysis

Collaborative Hybrid System

Numerical Results

Structured Dirty Paper Coding

Conclusion

References

Cooperation-Based Dynamic Spectrum Sharing in CRNs

Ning Zhang, Haibo Zhou, Shaohua Wu, Ying Wang, Jon W. Mark, and Xuemin (Sherman) Shen

Introduction

Cooperation-Based Dynamic Spectrum Sharing

Cooperative Spectrum Sensing in Multi-Channel Environments

Cooperative Cognitive Radio Networking

Conclusion

References

Cooperation in Cognitive Radio Networks

Junni Zou

Secondary Users Relaying for Primary Users

Primary Users Relaying for Secondary Users

Summary

References

Cross-Layer Design for Spectrum Efficiency

Mohammad Robat Mili and Farokh Marvasti

Introduction

System Model

Maximization of the Ergodic Capacity

Minimization of the Bit Error Rate (BER)

Chapter Conclusion

References

Spectrum-Aware Routing in Cognitive Radio Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (CRVANETs): Challenges and Solutions

Ahmed M. Ahmed, Ala Abu Alkheir, and Hussein T. Mouftah

Introduction

Channel Acquisition Techniques

The Routing Problem

Simulating End-to-End Protocols in CRAHNs

Open Research Issues

Conclusions

References

The Spectrum Sharing Games

Pu Yuan, Yong Xiao, Guoan Bi, and Shan Luo

Introduction

A Non-Cooperative Spectrum Sharing Game

A Cooperative Spectrum Sharing Game

Spectrum Sharing with Priorities

References

Game-Theoretic Opportunistic Spectrum Sharing

Yuhua Xu and Alagan Anpalagan

Introduction

Game Theory and Distributed Learning

Graphical Game for Spatial Opportunistic Spectrum Sharing

Robust Game for Dynamic Opportunistic Spectrum Sharing

Future Directions and Challenges

References

An Adaptive Game Theoretic Framework for Self-Coexistence among Cognitive Radio Enabled Smart Grid Networks

Deepak K. Tosh and Shamik Sengupta

Introduction

Challenges and Related Works

Self-Coexistence among DSA-Enabled Smart Grid Networks

Self-Coexistence Using Multi-Stage Interaction Games

Simulation Model and Results

Conclusions

Acknowledgment

References

MODELING ISSUES

Performance Modeling of Opportunistic Spectrum Sharing

Shensheng Tang

Introduction

System Models

Performance Analysis

Performance Metrics

Conclusions

References

Calculation Methods for Spectrum Availability

Andreas Achtzehn and Petri Mähönen

Incumbent-Newcomer Relationship

Interference Temperature-Based Primary Protection Model

Service-Level-Based Primary Protection Model

Spectrum Availability Metrics

Conclusions

References

How to Use Novel Methods for Improving the Performance of Wireless Cognitive Networks

Barbaros Preveze

Introduction

Simulation Program

How to Improve Network Performance by Modifications Done on the Algorithms of the System

Network Performance Improvement by Using Novel Buffer Management Algorithm

Theoretical Calculation of the Effects of Novel Algorithm on the Overall System Performance

Results and Discussion

Conclusion

References

Low-Complexity and High-Efficient Scheduling Schemes for Spectrum-Sharing Based Secondary Transmissions

Haiyang Ding, Tangwen Xu, Daniel B. da Costa, Jianhua Ge, Yinfa Zhang, Wulin Liu, and Ya-Ni Zhang

Energy-Efficient and Low-Complexity Schemes for Non-Cooperative Uplink Cognitive Cellular Networks

An Improved Scheduling Scheme for Uplink Cognitive Cellular Networks

High-Efficient and Low-Complexity Relay Selection Strategies for Cooperative Cognitive Relaying Systems

Efficient Relay Selection Strategies for Multi-Relay Cognitive Cooperative Transmissions

Distributed Link Scheduling for Single-Relay Secondary Relaying Transmission

References

MIMO-ORIENTED DESIGN

Capacity Scaling of MIMO Broadcast Channels with Finite-Rate Feedback

Ali Tajer and Xiaodong Wang

Introduction

System Model

Scheduling Algorithm (Nr = 1)

Throughput Scaling Analysis

Simulation Results

Conclusions

Appendix A: Proof of Lemma 1

Appendix B: Proof of Lemma 2

Appendix C: Proof of Lemma 3

Appendix D: Proof of Lemma 4

References

On the Achievable Sum-Rate of MIMO Bidirectional Underlay Cognitive Cooperative Networks

Ahmad Alsharoa, Hakim Ghazzai, and Mohamed-Slim Alouini

Introduction

System Model and Problem Formulation

Problem Solutions

Results and Discussion

Summary

References

Robust Beamforming Optimization for the Secondary Transmission in a Spectrum Sharing Cognitive Radio Network

Yongwei Huang

Introduction

System Model and Problem Formulation

A Polynomial-Time Approximation Algorithm for the Robust Beamforming Problem

Another Randomized Approximation Algorithm via Complex-Valued S-Lemma and Convex Relaxation

Simulation Results

Conclusion

Acknowledgment

References

POWER CONTROL

Interference-Aware Power Allocation in Spectrum Sharing Cognitive Radio

Gosan Noh and Daesik Hong

Introduction

System Model and Assumptions

Interference-Aware Power Allocation for Capacity Maximization

Capacity Analysis

Numerical Results

Conclusion

Appendix A: Proof of Lemma 1

Appendix B: Proof of Theorem 1

Appendix C: Proof of Theorem 2

Appendix D: Proof of Lemma 3

Appendix E: Proof of Theorem 2

References

Energy-Efficient Power Control for Spectrum Sharing in Next-Generation Wireless Networks

Xiangping Zhai, Liang Zheng, and Chee Wei Tan

Introduction

Power Control in Single MNO

Power Control in Multiple MNOs

Joint Power Control and Admission Control for Feasibility

Open Issues

References

SECURITY

Spectrum Sharing Vulnerability and Threat Assessment

Timothy X. Brown and Douglas C. Sicker

Introduction

Security in Spectrum Sharing

Spectrum Sharing Vulnerabilities

Spectrum Sharing Threats

Security Controls

Conclusion

References

Security Measures for Efficient Spectrum Sharing

Ethan Gaebel and Wenjing Lou

Regulatory Limitations and Terminology

What’s at Stake

Architectural Considerations

Current Standards

Attacks and Defenses

Conclusion

References

Pragmatic Security Issues and Solutions for Spectrum Sharing in Wireless Networks

Lei Li and Chunxiao Chigan

Introduction

Security Issues Relevant to the Relaying Strategy

Detection and Mitigation of Relay-Featured Security Threats

Secure Coexistence Issues in Cognitive Radio Networks

Fairness-Based Coexistence Network Design

Security Issues Relevant to Ineligible Access of Cognitive Radio Networks

Authentication Mechanisms

Simulator for Cognitive Radio Networks and Its Security

Potential Security Issues

References

MILITARY APPLICATIONS

The Spectrum in Defense: From Commodity to Maneuver Space

Jesse Bourque Jr.

Introduction

Situation

Electromagnetic Spectrum Control

Electromagnetic Spectrum Operations

The "Shift"

Compliance and Chaos Models of Spectrum

From Electronic Warfare to Spectrum Warfare

Training for Effective EMS Operations

The Way Ahead

About the Editors

Dr. John D. Matyjas earned his PhD in electrical engineering from State University of New York at Buffalo in 2004. Currently, he is serving as the Connectivity & Dissemination Core Technical Competency Lead at the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) in Rome, NY. His research interests include dynamic multiple-access communications and networking, software defined RF spectrum mutability, statistical signal processing and optimization, and neural networks. Dr. Matyjas is an IEEE senior member, chair of the IEEE Mohawk Valley Signal Processing Society, and member of Tau Beta Pi and Eta Kappa Nu. He also serves on the IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications Editorial Advisory Board.

Dr. Fei Hu is currently a professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama. He earned his PhD degrees at Tongji University, Shanghai, China, in the field of signal processing in 1999 and at Clarkson University, New York, USA, in electrical and computer engineering in 2002. He has published over 200 journal/conference papers and books. Dr. Hu’s research has been supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation, Department of Defense, Cisco, Sprint, and other sources. His research expertise is primarily in the areas of security, signals, and sensors.

Dr. Sunil Kumar is currently a professor and Thomas G. Pine faculty fellow in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at San Diego State University (SDSU), San Diego, California, USA. He earned his PhD in electrical and electronics engineering from the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani, India, in 1997. From 1997 to 2002, Dr. Kumar was a postdoctoral researcher and adjunct faculty at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. He has published over 130 technical papers in journals/conferences. His research interests include the cross-layer wireless protocols and image/video processing.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COM043000
COMPUTERS / Networking / General
TEC041000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Telecommunications
TEC061000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mobile & Wireless Communications