Sphincters: Normal Function-Changes in Diseases is the first book devoted to sphincter function in health and disease. It provides basic information about the function of sphincters and their physiological controls, as well as a comprehensive examination of the various sphincters in the body. The book also presents the current understanding of disordered control of sphincter function in disease. Sphincters: Normal Function-Changes in Diseases is an important acquisition for scientists, physicians, and medical students interested in sphincter function and how to treat their disorders.
INTRODUCTION. General Properties of Sphincters (M. Watanabe). Sphincters of the Gastrointestinal Tract: General Properties (S.F. Phillips). Sphincters of the Gastrointestinal Tract: Physical Properties (A. Tottrup, M.J. Mulvany, K. -E. Anderson, A. Forman). INDIVIDUAL SPHINCTERS. Lower Esophagus: Structure and Function (E.E. Daniel). Lower Esophagus: Pathophysiological Aspects (G. Vantrappen and J. Janssens). Pylorus: Myogenic and Neural Control of the Pyloric Sphincter (H. -D. Allescher). Pylorus: Catecholamine Action on Pyloric Sphincter (T. Tomita and M. Syed). Pylorus: The Human Pylorus (R. Heddle and J. Dent). Pylorus: Surgical Considerations (T. Kanaizumi, S. Shiratori, and H. Nakano). Oddi: The Structure of Oddi (G.M. Mawe). Oddi: Innervation of the Oddi's Sphincter (H. Azuma). Oddi: Its Contractile Pattern and Physiological Role in Controlling Bile Flow (H. Suzuki, Y. Momota, R. Hada, M. Sasaki, M. Endoh, and K. Ono). Oddi: Pathophysiology (J. Toouli and G.T.P. Saccone). Ileocecal Sphincter: Physiologic Controls and Role in Gut Function (A. Ouyang). ANUS. Anal Sphincters: Their Electrical Activities and Mechanisms of Neural Regulation (K. Tamura, H. Takahira, and K. Onoe). Clinical Implication of Anal Sphincters and the Rectonal Reflex (J. Yokoyama, S. Namla, and N. Ihara). URINARY TRACT. Sphinteric Mechanisms in Upper Urinary Tract (S. Tsuchida and T. Morita). Urethral Sphincter (T. Morita). Normal Function and Changes in Disease (J.H. Williams and A.F. Brading). IRIS. The Sphincter Pupillae (G. Gabella). Receptors in Iris Sphinctor and Pupillary Size Regulation (I. Takayanagi and T. Hisayama). Electrical Properties of Iris Sphincter (Y. Imaizumi, Y. Furuichi, and M. Watanabe).