This work builds on indigenous theory as evident in the writing of Willie Ermine, Gregory Cajete, Craig Womack, Jace Weaver, Laurie Anne Whitt, Linda Tuhiwai Smith, Voila Cordova, Dennis McPherson, and others. It works towards a criticism that, in accordance with the precepts of such theory, is community-oriented. It argues for a examination of literature in terms of its function for (or against) the community, in the expansive sense of the term.
I. Academic Cowboys and North American Indians
II. When "i" Equals More than "Me": Constructions of Indigenous Identity
III. Critical Warriors and "Hang-Around-the-Academy" Indians: Towards an Indigenist Criticism
IV. The Essential Métis: Being Halfbreed
V. Spirals, Maps, and Poetry: Re-Reading Joy Harjo
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List of Works Cited