Spoken word access processes are the mental processes which underlie our ability to recognise spoken words. They are the perceptual processes which take the sequence of buzzes, bursts and chirps that make up the raw speech signal and convert them into a sequence of words. This edited volume contains articles and short reports which examine these processes. These papers are based on presentations at the workshop Spoken Word Access Processes (SWAP), held in Nijmegen in May 2000. They cover the major issues that the field is now concerned with, and thus provide a snapshot of the current state of the SWAP art. Core representational issues about spoken words are addressed: the form of the representations which are used to access the mental lexicon; how phonological information is coded in the lexicon; and how morphological and semantic information about each word is stored. The main components of the lexical access process are also discussed: competition between candidate words; computation of goodness-of-fit between the signal and stored lexical knowledge; segmentation of continuous speech into words; whether there is feedback from the lexicon to earlier stages of processing; and the relationship of form-based processes to the processes responsible for deriving interpretations of utterances. This collection should be essential reading for those working in this or related areas of psycholinguistics. An introductory article is included which makes this research more accessible to students in cognitive psychology and phonetics, and to specialists in other fields of psychology and linguistics.
Table of Contents
Preface. Full Articles. Spoken Word Access Processes: An Introduction J.M. McQueen, A. Cutler. New Evidence for Prelexical Phonological Processing in Word Recognition E. Dupoux, C. Pallier, K. Kakehi, J. Mehler. Subcategorical Mismatches and the Time Course of Lexical Access: Evidence for Lexical Competition D. Dahan, J.S. Magnuson, M.K. Tanenhaus, E.M. Hogan. Variation and Assimilation in German: Consequences for Lexical Access and Representation E. Coenen, P. Zwitserlood, J. Boelte. Phonotactics, Density, and Entropy in Spoken Word Recognition P.A. Luce, N.R. Large. Bottom-up Inhibition in Lexical Selection: Phonological Mismatch Effects in Spoken Word Recognition U.H. Frauenfelder, M. Scholten, A. Content. Sequence Detection in Pseudowords in French: Where is the Syllable Effect? A. Content, C. Meunier, R. Kearns, U. Frauenfelder. Language-universal Constraints on Speech Segmentation D. Norris, J.M. McQueen, A. Cutler, S. Butterfield, R. Kearns. Lipreading and the Compensation for Coarticulation Mechanism J. Vroomen, B. de Gelder. Short Reports. Phoneme-like Units and Speech Perception T.M. Nearey. Mapping from Acoustic Signal to Phonetic Category: Internal Category Structure, Context Effects and Speeded Categorization J.L. Miller. Why Phonological Constraints are so Coarse-grained J. Pierrehumbert. Access to Lexical Representations: Cross-linguistic Issues W.D. Marslen-Wilson. Some Empirical Tests of Merge's Architecture A.G. Samuel. The Source of a Lexical Bias in the Verbal Transformation Effect M.A. Pitt, L. Shoaf. Phonological Variation and Its Consequences for the Word Recognition System M.G. Gaskell. Taking the Hit: Leaving Some Lexical Competition to be Resolved Post-lexically E.G. Bard, C. Sotillo, M.L. Kelly, M.P. Aylett.