© 2000 – Spon Press
Spon's European Construction Costs Handbook is the only book of its kind - a unique compilation of cost data on the single most important construction market in the world. This updated edition expands its coverage of countries and once again gives details of select difficult-to-research markets in Eastern Europe as well as Western Europe, North and South. The book includes: * key data on the main economic and construction indicators as well as on geography and population * an outline of the national construction industry covering structure, tendering and contract procedures, liability and insurance and regulation and standards. * labour and materials cost data * measured rates (in local currency) for up to 60 or so construction work items * approximate estimating costs for a range of building types * regional variation percentages, tax details, construction cost and retail price indices. Exchange rates with £ sterling, euro and US$ * addresses of authorities, professional institutions, trade associations etc. To facilitate country to country comparisons the book also includes a Comparative Data section, where figures from the individual country chapters are grouped in tables on economy, geography, construction output, input costs per square metre for offices, warehouses and housing. Figures here are given in national currency, sterling, US dollars and Euros.
'All five volumes provide vital information for consultants and contractors to size up the prospects of finding work in the region and carry out feasibility studies. Within each volume, a chapter is devoted to each country, giving main economic and construction indicators, cost data on labour and materials, unit rates for 60 construction work items, approximate estimating rates for a range of building types, and addresses of useful contacts.' - Building
Preface. Acknowledgements. How To Use This Book. Part One: Construction in Europe. The Construction Industry in Europe. Construction Markets in Europe. Constructrion Cost Comparisons. Comparative Data. Part Two: Individual Countries. Introductory Notes. Individual Countries: Austria; Belgium; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Poland; Portugal; Slovak Republic; Spain; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States of America. Multilingual descriptions of construction items in English, French, Italian, German, Spanish. Appendices. Sources. Statistical notes. Multilingual Description of Construction items. Abbrevations. Conversion Factors. Index.