Sport, Identity and Inclusion in Europe : The Experiences of LGBTQ People in Sport book cover
1st Edition

Sport, Identity and Inclusion in Europe
The Experiences of LGBTQ People in Sport

Edited By

Ilse Hartmann-Tews

ISBN 9781032018843
Published May 31, 2022 by Routledge
230 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This book explores and critically assesses the challenges and experiences of LGBTQ people within sport in Europe. It presents cutting-edge research data and insights from across the continent, with a focus on sport policy, sport systems, and issues around anti-discrimination and inclusion.

The book introduces the theoretical and methodological foundations of research into LGBTQ people in sport and then presents in-depth comparative surveys of systems and experiences in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the UK, and Spain. A final section considers the effectiveness of policy in this area and motives for participation, and looks ahead at future directions in research, policy, and practice.

Tracing the frontiers of our understanding of the experiences of LGBTQ people in contemporary Europe, this is fascinating reading for anybody with an interest in the sociology of sport, sport policy, LGBTQI studies, gender and sexuality studies, or cultural studies.

The Open Access version of this book, available at, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

Table of Contents


Ilse Hartmann-Tews 

Part I

Mapping the Field 

1          Theoretical Perspectives and Methodological Approaches for Studying LGBTQ Experiences in Sport

            Birgit Braumüller and Tim Schlunski 

2          Experiences of LGBTQ Individuals in Sport in Europe: The Impact of Societal, Organisational and Individual Factors

            Ilse Hartmann-Tews, Tobias Menzel and Birgit Braumüller 

3          The European Gay and Lesbian Sport Federation: Advocacy Work in Europe

            Annette Wachter and Hugh Torrance 

Part II

Country Reports: Policy of Inclusion and Experiences of LGBTQ in Sport 

4          Masculinity, Homonegativity and Ignorance as Barriers to the Inclusion of LGBTQ People in Austrian Sports Cultures

            Nikola Staritz and Almut Sülzle 

5          LGBTQ-Related Sports Policies and the Experiences of LGBTQ Individuals in Sports in France

            Mathilde Huillard and Ilse Hartmann-Tews 

6          Experiences of LGBTQ People in Sports and Sports Inclusion Policies in Germany: Sport for All!?

            Ilse Hartmann-Tews and Benjamin Csonka 

7          LGBTQ People and the Influence of Gender in Sports in Hungary

            Anna Szlávi 

8          Inclusion Policy and the Experiences of LGBTQ Athletes in Grassroots Sports in Italy

            Klaus Heusslein, Rosario Coco and Ilaria Bibbiani 

9          Policies of Inclusion and the Experiences of LGBTQ Peoples in Sports in the UK

            Hugh Torrance 

10        LGBTQ People in Physical Activity and Sport in Spain: Research, Sport Policy and Inclusion

            Javier Gil-Quintana, Angélica Maria Sáenz-Macana, Elena López-Cañada, Joan Úbeda-Colomer and Sofía Pereira-García 

Part III

Diversity Matters: Policy of Inclusion and Experiences of Gender and Sexual Minorities 

11        Sexual Diversity in the Eyes of Sports Managers: Are We Building Inclusive Physical Activity and Sport Contexts?

            Juan Aldaz Arregui, Nagore Martinez-Merino, Oidui Usabiaga Arruabarrena and Uxue Fernandez-Lasa 

12        Monitoring ‘Inclusive Masculinity’ in Sport in the Netherlands 2008-2021: No Problems with Gay Men, but No Gay Inclusive Cultures

            Agnes Elling and Rens Cremers 

13        Lesbianism in Sport: The Heteronormative Challenge

            Susanna Soler-Prat, Anna Vilanova, Judith Solanas, Daniel Martos-Garcia and Wenceslao García-Puchades 

14        Gay Athletes at the 2017 World OutGames: A Qualitative Analysis

            Joaquín Piedra and David Moscoso-Sánchez 

15        Physical Activity and Sport Among Spanish Trans Persons: Participation Data and Personal and Sociocultural Factors

            José Devís-Devís, Elena López-Cañada, Sofía Pereira-García, Jorge Fuentes-Miguel, Alexandra Valencia-Peris and Víctor Pérez Samaniego 


Ilse Hartmann-Tews

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Ilse Hartmann-Tews is Professor of Sociology and Head of the Institute of Sociology and Gender Studies at the German Sport University Cologne, Germany.