This book explores several cultural and historical paths intertwined in the genesis and development of sport and physical activities within colonial and postcolonial contexts. As far as youth organizations and Western-based sports are concerned, the Independencies political split needs to be reconsidered, from a cultural perspective with practices overlapping spatial, chronological and epistemological borders. When looking at the variety of practices, the colonial legacies and the ensuing migration journeys through a global perspective, there is a need to understand the diverse ways of composing and building the postcolonial sport worlds. Multiculturalism (South Africa, France, Algeria), transnational journeys (Pacific Islands), rebuilding of national identities through sporting institutions (Ireland, West Africa), racialization of the society (Rwanda, South Africa), gender control (from the West-East to the North-South gap), sportization of traditional/old games (Americas), and so on. Following the various studies shaping this book, the ambivalence of sporting and physical activities’ paths comes up. It is apparent these trajectories have generated a mixed feeling of adhesion and repulsion towards Western hegemonies in postcolonial societies.
1. Introduction: Rethinking Postcolonial Worlds through Physical Activities
Stanislas Frenkiel, Thomas Riot and Nicolas Bancel
2. Sports Mobilities Across Borders: Postcolonial Perspectives
3. Physical Activities through Postcolonial Eyes: A Place of Epistemologic and Historiographical Experimentation
4. ‘Last Zulu Warrior Standing’: Cultural Legacies of Racial Stereotyping and Embodied Enthno-Branding in South Africa
Benedict Carton and John Nauright
5. Not Quite Free? Irish Postcoloniality and the Career of Pat O’Callaghan
6. Imperialisms in the Olympics of the Colonization in the Postcolonization: Africa into the International Olympic Committee, 1910 – 1965
7. From Baggataway to Lacrosse: An Example of the Sportization of Native American Games
8. A Roundabout Revolution: Rethinking the Decolonization of Rwanda by the Practices of the Catholic Scouting Movement, 1954 – 1964
9. Migratory Networks Used by Algerian Professional Footballers in France: From Colonial Times to the Postcolonial Era, 1932 – 1991
10. Gender Verifications in Sport: From an East/West Antagonism to a North/South Antagonism
As Robert Hands in The Times recently observed, the growth of sports studies in recent years has been considerable. This unique series with over one hundred volumes in the last decade has played its part. Politically, culturally, emotionally and aesthetically, sport is a major force in the modern world. Its impact will grow as the world embraces ever more tightly the contemporary secular trinity: the English language, technology and sport. Sport in the Global Society will continue to record sport's phenomenal progress across the world stage.