Stabilisation/Solidification Treatment and Remediation : Proceedings of the International Conference on Stabilisation/Solidification Treatment and Remediation, 12-13 April 2005, Cambridge, UK book cover
1st Edition

Stabilisation/Solidification Treatment and Remediation
Proceedings of the International Conference on Stabilisation/Solidification Treatment and Remediation, 12-13 April 2005, Cambridge, UK

ISBN 9780415374606
Published April 1, 2005 by CRC Press
500 Pages

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Book Description

Stabilisation/Solidification Treatment and Remediation - Advances in S/S for Waste and Contaminated Land contains 39 papers, summaries of the four keynote lectures and the seven State of Practice reports presented at the International Conference organized by the EPSRC-funded network STARNET (Stabilisation/solidification treatment and remediation). A wide range of topics relating to the stabilization/solidification of waste and contaminated land are addressed under the following themes:

-Binders and technologies

-Testing, QA/QC and guidance documents

-Long-term performance and environmental impact

-Case studies

-Stabilisation of untreated materials

-Beyond conventional stabilization/solidification

The conference was held on 12-13 April 2005 in Cambridge, UK.

Table of Contents

Keynote lectures

The Landfill Directive and its implications for the remediation of contaminated soils 3

J.R. Gronow

Deep mixing – properties and applications 7

G. Holm

Stabilisation/solidification experience in France 11

P-Y. Klein & M.C. Magnié

Test methods, modelling, field verification and impact evaluation of stabilised waste disposal 15

H. van der Sloot, A. van Zomeren & R. Bleijerveld

Theme 1: Binders and technologies

Stabilisation/solidification of synthetic drill cuttings representing Ras Shukier oil field in Egypt 19

M.S. Al-Ansary & A. Al-Tabbaa

Effect of different binder systems on the stabilisation/solidification of metal finishing wastes 31

C.R. Cheeseman, G.D. Fowler & X. Zhou

Specifying cement – standards and nomenclature 39

C.A. Clear

An evaluation of pozzolanic lead immobilization mechanisms in firing range soils 45

D. Dermatas, X. Xu, X. Cao, G. Shen, N. Menounou, P. Arienti & J.S. Delaney

Chemical treatment of soft soils containing Cr(VI) with different clay minerals 57

Y. Hayashi, M. Mizota, A. Suzuki, Y. Kitazono & H. Harada

Applications of rejected fly ash in stabilization and solidification processes 63

C.S. Poon, X.C. Qiao & C. Cheeseman

Remediation of soils contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons using quicklime mixing 69

V. Schifano, C.L. MacLeod, A.W.L. Dudeney & R. Dudeney

A new cement system for waste immobilisation – calcium sulfoaluminate cement system 79

Q. Zhou, N.B. Milestone & M. Hayes

Theme 2: Testing, QA/QC and guidance documents

UK guidance on stabilisation/solidification for the treatment of contaminated soil 89

B.D. Bone, L.H. Barnard & C.D. Hills

The Rietveld method as a tool for assessing heavy-metal immobilization in 97

S/S treatment investigations

D. Dermatas & M. Chrysochoou

Modelling in support of setting the waste acceptance criteria for monolithic waste 107

D.H. Hall, D. Drury & J.R. Gronow

A review of scale-up factors potentially affecting the long-term performance 117

of s/s-treated materials

D. Johnson

Reduction in leaching of hazardous substances from coal ash by addition of solidification agent 125

A. Sato & S. Nishimoto

Theme 3: Long-term performance and environmental impact

Performance assessment of stabilised/solidified waste-forms: initial results from 133

site characterisation, sampling and testing

A. Antemir, C.D. Hills, P.J. Carey, J. Spear, K. Gardner, D.I. Boardman & C.D.F. Rogers

Characterisation of full-scale historic inactive cement-based intermediate level nuclear wasteforms 139

R.J. Caldwell, S. Rawlinson, E.J. Butcher & I.H. Godfrey

Accelerated ageing of a stabilised/solidified contaminated soil at elevated temperatures 149

B. Chitambira, A. Al-Tabbaa, A.S.R. Perera & X.D. Yu

The technical sustainability of in-situ stabilisation/solidification 159

M.J. Harbottle, A. Al-Tabbaa & C.W. Evans

Chromium (Cr3_) leachability from monolithic solids under modified semi-dynamic 171

leaching conditions

D.H. Moon & D. Dermatas

The role of accelerated carbonation in the accelerated ageing of stabilised/solidified waste forms 181

A.S.R. Perera & A. Al-Tabbaa

Theme 4: Case studies

The development and operation of the BNFL Magnox encapsulation plant 195

N.J. Bowmer, I.H. Godfrey & E.J. Butcher

In-situ soil mixing treatment of contaminated soils at Sir John Rogerson’s Quay, Dublin 199

C.W. Evans

Stabilisation/solidification of manufactured gas plant wastes: Part 1 – treatability study 205

M.A. Fleri, G.T. Whetstone & J.P. Bauman

Stabilisation/solidification of manufactured gas plant wastes: Part 2 – pilot test study 215

M.A. Fleri, G.T. Whetstone & J.P. Bauman

Stabilisation/solidification of manufactured gas plant wastes: Part 3 – selected case histories 223

M.A. Fleri, G.T. Whetstone & J.P. Bauman

Solidification of water treatment works sludge with ettringite cement and pulverised-fuel ash 235

D. Johnson

Stabilisation/solidification of dredging sludge containing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons 241

E. Mulder, L. Feenstra, J.P. Brouwer, J.W. Frenay & S. Bos

La Floridienne: the first large scale immobilization project in Belgium 249

S. Pensaert

The remediation of the acid tar lagoons, Rieme Belgium 255

S. Pensaert


PIMS with Apatite II: A field scale demonstration on a lead contaminated soil 261

J. Wright, J.L. Conca & A.F. Slater

Industrial experiences in the use of S/S technology to remediate and reuse dredged sediments 267

E.P. Yates & W.J. Gush

Theme 5: Stabilisation of uncontaminated materials

Geosynthetic reinforcement of high-alkaline soils: Basics and two typical projects 277

D. Alexiew & G.J. Horgan

Influence of soil and binder properties on the efficacy of accelerated carbonation 285

L.H. Barnard, D.I. Boardman, C.D.F. Rogers, C.D. Hills, P.J. Carey, K. Canning & C.L. MacLeod

Properties of mixes of sugar cane fibre waste with cement binding 297

R. Jeetah, A. Seeboo, C.P. Khedun & T. Dusoruth

Recent advances in numerical modelling of deep-stabilized soil 303

M. Karstunen, H. Krenn & A. Aalto

Theme 6: Beyond conventional stabilisation/solidification

Lead contamination and immobilization at shooting range sites 313

X. Cao, D. Dermatas, G. Shen & L.Q. Ma

Effect of microbial activities on the mobility of copper in stabilised contaminated soil 323

U.E. Duru & A. Al-Tabbaa

Development of geomaterials with various immobilisation treatments for heavy

metals and evaluation of environmental impact 335

K. Omine, H. Ochiai & N. Yasufuku

Stabilization of chromium by reductase enzyme treatment 347

K.S.M. Rahman & M.A.V. Murthy

Stabilising inorganic contaminants in soils: considerations for the use of smart additives 357

H. Weigand, C. Gemeinhardt & C. Marb

State of practice reports

UK stabilisation/solidification treatment and remediation

Part I: Binders and technologies – basic principles 365

A. Al-Tabbaa & A.S.R. Perera

Part II: Binders and technologies – research 387

A. Al-Tabbaa & A.S.R. Perera

Part III: Binders and technologies – applications 399

A. Al-Tabbaa & A.S.R. Perera

Part IV: Testing and performance criteria 415

A.S.R. Perera, A. Al-Tabbaa, J.M. Reid & J.A. Stegemann

Part V: Long-term performance and environmental impact 437

A.S.R. Perera, A. Al-Tabbaa, J.M. Reid & D. Johnson

Part VI: Quality assurance and quality control 459

A.S.R. Perera, A. Al-Tabbaa & D. Johnson

Part VII: Good practice guidance documents 469

A.S.R. Perera, A. Al-Tabbaa & D. Johnson

Author index 487


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Dr Al-Tabbaa graduated from Bristol University in 1983 in Civil Engineering and obtained an MPhil and PhD degrees in Soil Mechanics in 1984 and 1987 respectively from Cambridge University working on the permeability and stress-strain response of speswhite kaolin clay both experimentally and numerically. She then worked as a geotechnical engineer with Ove Arup & Partners Consulting Engineers in their London and Nottingham Offices for just over three years and was involved in the geotechnical design and construction aspects of a number of projects including Embankment Place and Ludgate Railways Works in the centre of London and Corby and Peterborough power stations.

In 1991 she took up a lectureship at the University of Birmingham and in 1997 returned to Cambridge University as a University Lecturer, now Senior Lecturer. She is a fellow of Sidney Sussex College. She is a Chartered Engineer and a Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers.

She is a member of the British Geotechnical Association Executive Committee (2001-2004), a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers Geotechnical Engineering Advisory Panel (2003-2005) and the UK representative on the International Society of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering Technical Committee TC17 on Ground Improvement. She was awarded the Institution of Civil Engineers Reed and Mallik Medal 2003 for her paper on the five-year soil mixing treatment work at the West Drayton site near Heathrow Airport.

Her research interests over the past eighteen years have concentrated on the following areas:

geoenvironmental engineering,

sustainable remediation,

waste minimisation and re-use,

impact of climate change,


deep soil mixing,

in-ground barriers,

modelling of construction processes

applications of soil models in the analysis of geotechnical problems.

Current research

Environmental engineering Remediation of brownfield sites Treatment of contaminated ground with in-ground barrier walls Waste minimisation and re-use Geoenvironmental sustainability Geoenvironmental response to climate change

Soil model applications


See my publications list.

Contact Information

E-mail - [email protected]

Department Address Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Trumpington St, Cambridge CB2 1PZ

College Address - Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge

Telephone - +44 01223 332715; Fax +44 01223 339713