Stabilization as the New Normal in International Interventions provides the first comprehensive analysis of stabilization, which constitutes the new reference point for international intervention in unruly parts of the Global South.
The notion of ‘stabilization’ and the practice of ‘stability operations’ experienced a revival over the last decade. The United Nations, the European Union, NATO, as well as most member states of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development have embraced these terms in their foreign policy bureaucracies. The general disillusionment with the achievements of large-scale peacebuilding operations in countries like Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as the failures of the so-called Arab Springs, contributed to the success of this new discourse. Yet, while widely mentioned and endorsed, stabilization is rarely defined. This volume identifies common elements to stabilization doctrines and examines how they are applied in practice. It dissects how stabilization emerged and unfolds, how different actors adopt it and for what purposes, and how it is linked to the broader security and development discourses.
Stabilization as the New Normal in International Interventions will be of great interest to scholars of Peacebuilding, International Intervention and International Relations more generally. The chapters were originally published as a special issue of Ethnopolitics.
Table of Contents
1. Stability and Stability Operations: Definitions, Drivers, Approaches
Roberto Belloni and Francesco N. Moro
2. Political Transitions and Macro-level Foundations of Political Stability
Stefano Costalli and Francesco N. Moro
3. Stabilization and Local Conflicts: Communal and Civil War in South Sudan
4. United Nations Stabilization Operations: Chapter Seven and a Half
5. From Liberal Statebuilding to Counterinsurgency and Stabilization: The International Intervention in Iraq
Roberto Belloni and Irene Costantini
6. NATO’s Landscape of the Mind: Stabilisation and Statebuilding in Afghanistan
7. (B)ordering Hybrid Security? EU Stabilisation Practices in the Sahara-Sahel Region
Luca Raineri and Francesco Strazzari
Roberto Belloni is Professor of International Relations at the University of Trento, Italy. His recent publications include The Rise and Fall of Peacebuilding in the Balkans (2020).
Francesco N. Moro is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Bologna, Italy. His research has been published, among else, in the Journal of Peace Research, Terrorism and Political Violence and Journal of Conflict Resolution.