Stars and Numbers : Astronomy and Mathematics in the Medieval Arab and Western Worlds book cover
1st Edition

Stars and Numbers
Astronomy and Mathematics in the Medieval Arab and Western Worlds

ISBN 9780860789680
Published September 19, 2004 by Routledge
360 Pages

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Book Description

The studies brought together in this second collection of articles by Paul Kunitzsch continue the lines of research evident in his previous volume (The Arabs and the Stars). The Arabic materials discussed stem mostly from the early period of the development of Arabic-Islamic astronomy up to about 1000AD, while the Latin materials belong to the first stage of Western contact with Arabic science at the end of the 10th century, and to the peak of Arabic-Latin translation activity in 12th century Spain. The first set of articles focuses upon Ptolemy in the Arabic-Latin tradition, followed by further ones on Arabic astronomy and its reception in the West; the final group looks at details of the transmission of Euclid's Elements.

Table of Contents

Contents: Preface; Ptolemy in the Arabic-Latin Tradition: Gerard's translations of astronomical texts, especially the Almagest; Gerhard von Cremona als Ãœbersetzer des Almagest; Ãœber einige Spuren der syrischen Almagestübersetzung; Die astronomische Terminologie im Almagest; A hitherto unknown Arabic manuscript of the Almagest; The second Arabic manuscript of Ptolemy's Planisphaerium; The role of al-Andalus in the transmission of Ptolemy's Planisphaerium and Almagest; Fragements of Ptolemy's Planisphaerium in an Early Latin Translation; Das Arabische als Vermittler und Anreger europäischer Wissenschaftssprache; Erfahrungen und Beobachtungen bei der Arbeit mit Texten der arabisch-lateinischen Ãœbersetzungsliteratur (Mathematik/Astronomie). Arabic Astronomy: The chapter on the fixed stars in Zaradusht's Kitab al-Mawalid; The astronomer al-Sufi as a source for Ulug Beg's Star Catalogue (1437); Al-Sufi and the astrolabe stars; An Arabic celestial globe from the Schmidt Collection, Vienna. Arabic Astronomy in the West: Les relations scientifiques entre l'Occident et le monde arabe à l'époque de Gerbert; Traces of a 10th-century Spanish-Arabic astrolabe; La table des climats dans le corpus des plus anciens textes latins sur l'astrolabe; The stars on the rete of the so-called 'Carolingian astrolabe'; Three dubious stars in the oldest European table of astrolabe stars; The chapter on the stars in an early European treatise on the use of the astrolabe (ca. AD 1000); A note on Ascelinus' Table of Astrolabe Stars; On six kinds of astrolabe: a hitherto unknown Latin treatise; Zur Problematik der Astrolabsterne: eine weitere unbrauchbare Sterntafel; Coronelli's great celestial globe made for Louis XIV: the nomenclature; Rätselhafte Sternnamen. Mathematics And Numbers: Findings in some texts of Euclid's Elements (mediaeval transmission, Arabo-Latin); 'The Peacock's Tail': on the names of some theorems of Euclid's Elements; Letters in geometrical diagrams, Greek - Arabic - Latin; The transmission of Hindu-Arabic numerals reconsidered; Indexes.

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Paul Kunitzsch is Emeritus Professor of Arabic Studies in the Institute of Semitic Studies, the University of Munich, Germany.


'Many the of the brightest stars in the heavens today have Arabic names - testimony to the great influence of medieval Arab and Islamic astronomy on European science... Paul Kunitzsch has done more to document and study this important influence than almost any other living scholar... Some of Kunitzsch's most interesting work is in German and published in hard-to-find journals, but the Variorum series helps give his studies wider exposure.' Saudi Aramco World