This book portrays the subtle, irreversible changes in China and revealing the leadership's major failure to create a set of rational, workable political institutions. It considers the changing role of social classes and their relationship to the state.
Introduction -- Patterns of Leadership in Reform China -- China's New Bureaucracy? -- Urban China: A Civil Society in the Making? -- Urban Industrial Workers: Some Observations on the 1980s -- Urban Entrepreneurs and the State: The Merger of State and Society -- Ideology and Rural Reform: The Paradox of Contingent Stability -- Students and the State in China: The Crisis in Ideology and Organization -- The Intellectuals in the Deng Xiaoping Era