182 pages | 3 B/W Illus.
This book offers researchers, police practitioners, and policymakers a platform for organizational reform and an understanding of how the police organization creates stress, which contributes to reduced officer performance.
This book, based on an in-depth study exploring the relationship between perceived organizational stressors and police performance, indicates which features of the police organization generate the most stress affecting performance, and provides a model of organizational stress that applies to police agencies. While much stress research portrays the operation of policing as the greatest source of contention among officers, this research shows the ever-present rigid hierarchical design of the police agency to be contributing factor of stress that affects performance.
Ideal for scholars, police personnel, and policymakers who are interested in how the police organization contributes to lower officer performance, this book has implications for policing agencies in the United States and worldwide.
Preface: Dr Richard Smith
Preface: Dr. Stephen A. Bishopp
Foreword: Dr. Karen L. Amendola
Chapter 1: Police Stress in Today’s World
A Look at the Problem
Differentiating Stressors in Policing
What Previous Studies Generally Reveal about Occupational Stress
Implications of Organizational Stress
Why This Study Matters
Framework for the Study
Chapter 2: What Methods Should We Use to Research Police Stress?
Overview of the Research Design
Data Sources, Instruments and Validation
Site Description and Selection
Chapter 3: Stress in Policing: Where Does it Come From?
A Model of Occupational Stress Applied to Police Organizations
Organizational Antecedents to Stress
Stressors in Organizational Life
Perception and Cognition: The Appraisal Process
Properties of the Person as Stress Mediators
Properties of the Situation as Stress Mediators
Responses to Stress
Consequences of Stress
What is Police Performance and What Does it Look Like?
Chapter 4: Stress in Policing: What Does it Lead to?
A Look at What the Data Tells Us
Chapter 5: Stress in Police Work: What Does the Future Hold?
Limitations of the Study
Future Police Stress Research
Where Does This Leave Us?
The Routledge Innovations in Policing explores innovations in the field of policing and offers the latest insight into the field through research, theoretical applications, case studies, and evaluations. Famous innovations developed over the course of the late twentieth century and into the turn of the twenty-first include approaches such as community policing, "broken windows" policing, problem-oriented policing, "pulling levers" policing, third-party policing, hot spots policing, Compstat, and evidence-based policing. Some of these approaches have been successful, and some have not, while new innovations continue to arise. Improving police performance through innovation is often not straightforward. Police departments are highly resistant to change, but through such research we expect to find further refinement of our knowledge of "what works" in policing, under what circumstances particular strategies may work, and why these strategies are effective in improving police performance.