Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: Anamnesis, Diagnosis, Therapy, Controls : Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions (SAHC, Leuven, Belgium, 13-15 September 2016) book cover
1st Edition

Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: Anamnesis, Diagnosis, Therapy, Controls
Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions (SAHC, Leuven, Belgium, 13-15 September 2016)

ISBN 9781138029514
Published August 31, 2016 by CRC Press
338 Pages

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Book Description

Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions. Anamnesis, diagnosis, therapy, controls contains the papers presented at the 10th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions (SAHC2016, Leuven, Belgium, 13-15 September 2016). The main theme of the book is “Anamnesis, Diagnosis, Therapy, Controls”, which emphasizes the importance of all steps of a restoration process in order to obtain a thorough understanding of the structural behaviour of built cultural heritage. The contributions cover every aspect of the structural analysis of historical constructions, such as material characterization, structural modelling, static and dynamic monitoring, non-destructive techniques for on-site investigation, seismic behaviour, rehabilitation, traditional and innovative repair techniques, and case studies.

The knowledge, insights and ideas in Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions. Anamnesis, diagnosis, therapy, controls make this book of abstracts and the corresponding, digital full-colour conference proceedings containing the full papers must-have literature for researchers and practitioners involved in the structural analysis of historical constructions.

Table of Contents


Seismic protection of earthen vernacular and historical constructions
M. Blondet, J. Vargas-Neumann, N. Tarque, J. Soto, C. Sosa & J. Sarmiento

Emerging city-scale damage prediction options for urban tunnelling
D.F. Laefer

Design in process, multidisciplinarity and synergy: Key issues of the structural restoration of Daphni Monastery
A. Miltiadou-Fezans

Sustainable approaches to the assessment and mitigation of seismic risk and of the effects of earthquake induced damages to historic urban centers
C. Modena, F. da Porto, M.R. Valluzzi, F. Carapezza Guttuso, P. Iannelli & C. Rubino

Structural research on brick-wood architectural heritages and their conservation issues in China
X. Sun, G. Zhu & Q. Chun

Multi-scale approaches for the assessment of time-dependent mechanical damage in masonry
E. Verstrynge & D. Van Gemert

Theme 1: Innovation and heritage

Thematic Keynote: Lime mortars in heritage: Fundamental insights into carbonation reaction and its biocatalization
Ö. Cizer

Lime mortar with mixed in crystallization modifiers to mitigate salt damage
S.J.C. Granneman, B. Lubelli & R.P.J. van Hees

The Arch of Augustus in Rimini: The internal structure determined with a special tomography
L. Giorgi & F. Berni

Chemical demolition of unit masonry: A preparatory study
A.S. Natanazi, D.F. Laefer & S. Mullane

First steps to computer-aided decision-making in repair mortar recipes:Working on three fronts
A. Isebaert, L. Van Parys, T. Descamps, M. Renglet &V. Cnudde

A mixed methodology for detailed 3D modeling of architectural heritage
D. Arce, S. Retamozo, R. Aguilar & B. Castañeda

Predicting capacity and stiffness of glued-in glass fiber reinforced polymer rods in heritage timber frames
C. Avez, T. Descamps, L. Van Parys & B. Roensmaens

Challenges from building information modeling to finite element analysis of existing buildings
G. Cardani & G. Angjeliu

Exploring the use of image processing to survey and quantitatively assess historic buildings
C. González Manich, T. Kelman, F. Coutts, B. Qiu, P. Murray, C. González-Longo & S. Marshall

Fully automatic approach for the diagnosis of masonry arches from laser scanning data and inverse finite element analysis
B. Riveiro, B. Conde, G.A. Drosopoulos, G.E. Stavroulakis & M.E. Stavroulaki

Smartphone aided structural monitoring and measurements
M. Skłodowski & P. Pawłowski

Theme 2: Preventive conservation

Thematic Keynote: Planned preventive conservation and the structural performances of buildings
S. Della Torre

Heritage building’s condition at maintenance campaign in San Roque, Cuenca – Ecuador
M.C. Achig Balarezo, M.G. Barsallo Chávez, J.C. Briones & F.A. Cardoso Martínez

Giancarlo De Carlo’s Urbino University Colleges: A conservation management plan for long-term maintenance and sustainable use of the complex
M.P. Borgarino

Historical analysis and diagnostic investigations in the knowledge acquisition path for architectural heritage
L. Cantini, A. Bonavita, M.A. Parisi & C. Tardini

Planning to live longer: A model for the maintenance-focused conservation plan of heritage building
A. Cruz, V. Coffey &T.H.T. Chan

Heritage inventory as the base for a monitoring system in the world heritage city of Cuenca
V. Heras, M.G. Barsallo Chávez, C. Abril & J.C. Briones

From tradition to innovation: Plaster at risk under severe climatic conditions
S. Erba, A. Sansonetti, E. Rosina, R. Moioli & G. Suardi

Base management heritage system: Methods of structural qualification and maintenance costs estimated over time
M. Tena & J. León

The need for conservation management in European 19th century urban housing
D. Theodossopoulos

Quality management of structural repair of traditional timber roof structures
N. Van Roy, E. Verstrynge, K. Brosens & K. Van Balen

An operational preventive conservation system based on the Monumentenwacht model
A. Vandesande & K. Van Balen

Theme 3: Computational strategies for heritage structures

Thematic Keynote: Computational modelling of masonry with a view to Groningen induced seismicity
J.G. Rots, F. Messali, R. Esposito, S. Jafari &V. Mariani

Parametric numerical studies on the dynamic response of unreinforced masonry structures
C. Chácara, P.B. Lourenço, B. Pantò, F. Cannizzaro & I. Caliò

Wind-induced response analysis of early traditional hall-style timber structure in the southYangtze river regions
Q. Chun &Y. Han

Assessment of masonry structures under lateral loads via 3D rigid block limit analysis
F. Portioli, L. Cascini & C. Casapulla

Modelling and seismic analysis of existing masonry structures
J.A. Kollerathu, S. Krishnachandran &A. Menon

Modelling of the in-plane behaviour of stone masonry panels
D.V. Oliveira, A.S. Araújo, P.B. Lourenço, G. Magenes &A. Penna

Limit analysis to assess the seismic capacity of Diocletian’s Frigidarium
A. Sadholz, C. Muir & R. Perucchio

Micro-mechanical modeling of masonry – Parametric study
P. Roca, C. Molins &A. Drougkas

A macro-modelling finite element technique for the realistic simulation of cracking in masonry structures
S. Saloustros, L. Pelà, M. Cervera & P. Roca

Geometric and material property scaling factors for a thin-tile masonry dome
A.D. Sorensen & E. Erdogmus

Two approaches to modelling the stability of the basilica of Vézelay
I. Tarrío & M.J. DeJong

Theme 4: Sustainable strengthening of masonry with composites

Thematic Keynote: Pros and cons of mortar-based composites for strengthening historic structures
G. de Felice

Experimental investigation of bond between TRM overlays and masonry
P.D. Askouni & C.G. Papanicolaou

Bond behavior and tensile properties of FRCM composites applied on masonry panels
A. Bellini & C. Mazzotti

Innovative strengthening materials for the post-earthquake reconstruction of L’Aquila masonries
G. Giacomin

State-of-the-art review of out-of-plane strengthening of masonry walls with mortar-based composites
A. Mordanova, S. De Santis & G. de Felice

Bond behaviour of steel reinforced grout strengthening systems applied to the extrados of masonry vaults
S. De Santis & G. de Felice

Retrofitting of masonry vaults with composite materials
L. Garmendia, R. San-Mateos, D. García, A. Gandini, J.T. San-José & I. Marcos

GFRP to strengthen masonry walls: Numerical analysis and evaluation of the different mechanical parameters role
N. Gattesco, A. Gubana & M. Melotto

Numerical analysis of the in-plane behavior of TRM-strengthened masonry walls
X.Wang, B. Ghiassi & D.V. Oliveira

Glass fiber grids embedded in a cement-based matrix as strengthening of masonry structures
Ł. Hojdys & P. Krajewski

The interface behaviour between masonry elements and GFRM (Glass Fiber Reinforced Mortar)
M. Leone, F. Micelli, M.S. Sciolti & M.A. Aiello

Experimental investigation on the mechanical behavior of mortar-based strengthening systems
F. Roscini, S. De Santis & G. de Felice

How do brick microstructural and mechanical properties affect GFRP bond strength?
S. Andreotti, E. Sassoni, A. Bellini, B. Mazzanti, M.C. Bignozzi, E. Franzoni & C. Mazzotti

Theme 5: Values and sustainability

Thematic Keynote: Towards sustainable restoration: Learning from the past, a challenge
R.P.J. van Hees & S. Naldini

A study of the sustainable rehabilitation and preservation of the world heritage Cumalıkızık village, Bursa-Turkey
O. Köprülü Ba˘gbancı

The Cathedral of Ica and the Church of Kuño Tambo in Peru: Two retrofitting projects following a principles-based conservation approach
C. Cancino, D. Torrealva, E. Vicente, J. García Bryce, M. Soto, E. Cruz & K.Wong

Spatial Anastylosis of Amazon Green Houses: Exploring rubber settlements
A.L.R.M.F. Costa & C.M. Monteiro

Analysis of building structures and valorization of cultural heritage in Jeddah (KSA)
C. Jäger-Klein, W. Stumpf, G. Styhler-Aydın & G. Radinger

Revitalisation of Horto Botânico and Vale dos Contos in Ouro Preto – MG, Brazil
B.T. de Oliveira

Constructing perpetual concrete funerary galleries in Brussels
T. Verhofstadt

Theme 6: Subsoil interaction

Thematic Keynote: Settlement effects on masonry structures
M.J. DeJong

Tremors & sinkholes: Unforeseen effects of mining in The Netherlands
I.A.E. de Vent

Structural damage assessment of Huaca de la Luna, Perú: Preliminary results from ongoing multidisciplinary study
R. Aguilar, G. Zavala, B. Castañeda, S. Lopez, S. Retamozo, M. Montesinos, M.A. Pando, Y. Dong & R. Perucchio

Structural and geotechnical diagnostic procedure for historical buildings exposed to the influence of deep excavations – a case study
P. Berkowski, G. Dmochowski, M. Minch & J. Szołomicki

Modelling the 3D brittle response of masonry buildings to tunnelling
G. Giardina, S. Ritter, M.J. DeJong & R.J. Mair

Friedrichswerder Church in Berlin – the response of the structure to the construction activities around
W. Jäger, T. Bakeer, P. Schöps &T. Burkert

Soil-structure interaction due to tunnelling in soft ground, an equivalent solid approach
N. Losacco, L. Callisto &A. Burghignoli

An integrated approach for geotechnical and structural analysis of the Nynphaeum of Genazzano
A. Amorosi, D. Boldini, G. de Felice,W.G. Lasciarrea & M. Malena

Settlement risk assessment by means of categorized surface infrastructure
M. Obel , P. Mark, M. Neuhausen, M. König & S. Schindler

Numerical methodology to assess the variation of the stiffness of damaged masonry structures
J. Serhal, O. Deck, M. Al Heib, F. Hage Chehade & D. Abdelmassih

Traditional and innovative construction materials and techniques

The influence of dowel-bearing strength in designing timber pegged timber joints
C. Ceraldi, C. D’Ambra, M. Lippiello &A. Prota

Vaulting churches in China: True gothic or imitation?
Th. Coomans

The many faces of early 20th century stone imitations in Belgium
Y. Govaerts, A. Verdonck, W. Meulebroeck & M. de Bouw

Protection of architectural heritage in conservation practice by the use of flexible joints
A. Kwiecie´n, T. Tatara, B. Zaja˛c & P. Pietrusi´nski

Mechanical characterization of ancient pozzolanic mortars with additions of brick and tuff dust: A comparative investigation
M. Lippiello, C. Ceraldi, C. D’Ambra & G.P. Lignola

Confinement of brick masonry columns using basalt fibres ropes
F. Monni, E. Quagliarini, F. Greco & S. Lenci

Dieste, González Zuleta and Sánchez del Río: Three approaches to reinforced-brick shell structures
D. López López, T. Van Mele & P. Block

Low-pressure nano-silica injection on cement for crack-healing and water transport
R. Maddalena, A. Hamilton &A.K. Mali

Testing historic materials for redesign purposes
M. Drdácký & B. Kasal

Comparative study of restoration mortars: The role of aggregates, from the laboratory to the field
A. Miltiadou-Fezans, S. Anagnostopoulou &A. Kalagri

Overview of design guidelines for masonry arch bridges
A.K. Tomor & S. McAulay

On the evolution in design and calculation of steel structures over the 19th century in Belgium, France and England
L. Schueremans, H. Porcher, E. Verstrynge, B. Rossi & I.Wouters

Designing timber trusses in Belgium during the age of iron engineering
L. Vandenabeele, I. Bertels & I.Wouters

Non-destructive testing, inspection and structural monitoring

Damage observation and settlement mechanisms in the naves of the Cathedral of Milan
G. Cardani, D. Coronelli & G. Angjeliu

Measurement of the vibration response of the medieval Maddalena Bridge (Italy)
R.M. Azzara, A. De Falco, M. Girardi & D. Pellegrini

Structural monitoring of and analyzing on a wall of main hall in the Buseoksa temple in Korea
E. Cho, C. Park, H. You & J. Hwang

Advanced techniques for monitoring of settlement-induced deformations and crack growth in historical masonry
E. Verstrynge, K. DeWilder, L. Bejarano-Urrego, E. Voet & K. Van Balen

Non-invasive techniques for the assessment of masonry structures: Experiences in the pillars of a gothic apse
J. Lluis i Ginovart, A. Costa-Jover, S. Coll-Pla & R. Miralles-Jori

Use of acoustic emission to detect activity of common European dry-woodboring insects
J.G.M. Creemers

The scratching tomography, a technique to evaluate the effectiveness of consolidation treatments
F. Dagrain

Assessment of the dynamic behaviour of an ancient masonry tower in Lucca via ambient vibrations
R.M. Azzara, G. De Roeck, E. Reynders, M. Girardi, C. Padovani & D. Pellegrini

The Prussian Cap ceiling of the Cologne Cathedral – non-destructive investigations for the state of preservation
S. Hutt, A. Asgharzadeh, M. Bastgen, M. Raupach & P. Füssenich

The restoration project of the three storied stone pagoda in Bulguksa temple in Korea
S. Ji, J. Lee & D. Kim

Life expectation of wooden foundations – a non-destructive approach
R.K.W.M. Klaassen, A. Jorissen & H. Keijer

Structural health monitoring of the Athenian Acropolis’Walls via optical fibre sensors, accelerographs and numerical simulations
E. Kapogianni, I. Kalogeras, P.N. Psarropoulos, S. Giokaris & M.G. Sakellariou

Investigation of the Bear tower within the complex of the Old town of Jajce
S. Kulukˇcija, M. Humo, E. Mandži´c, B. Padovan & K. Mandži´c

Optimal sensor placement for modern heritage spatial structures
E. Lenticchia, R. Ceravolo & C. Chiorino

Three key points for a large-scale seismic assessment of masonry architectural heritage
C. Limoge Schraen, C. Giry, F. Ragueneau, C. Desprez & P. Gueguen

Tube-jack testing: Semi-irregular masonry wall testing
E.C. Manning, L.F. Ramos & F.M. Fernandes

Probabilistic NDT data fusion of Ferroscan test data using Bayesian inference
M. Mishra & C. Grande

Structural health monitoring of heritage sites: The tower of David in Jerusalem
F. Lorenzoni, C. Modena, M. Caldon, M. Cohen, R. Kislev &Y. Schaffer

Numerical and operational modal analyses of the “Ponte delle Torri”, Spoleto, Italy
G. De Canio, M. Mongelli, I. Roselli, A. Tatì, D. Addessi, M. Nocera & D. Liberatore

Control of structural intervention by using operational model analysis. San Juan de los Caballeros church (Cádiz, Spain)
P. Pachón, V. Compán, M. Cámara & F. Pinto

Application of a partially destructive mini shear index test on historical masonry buildings
B.Y. Pekmezci & F. Guler

Comparison of MDT techniques for mechanical characterization of historical masonry
L. Pelà, P. Roca &A. Aprile

Applications of the hole-drilling technique in timber structures. Case studies
M. Crespo de Antonio, D. Luengas-Carreño & S. Sánchez-Beitia

Seventeenth and eighteenth century timber roof structures in Scotland: Design, pathologies and conservation
A. Serafini & C. González-Longo

Construction history and structural assessment of historic roofs – an interdisciplinary approach
G. Eßer, G. Styhler-Aydın & G. Hochreiner

System identification and model updating of theWatts Towers of Los Angeles: The Gazebo
F. Abazarsa, F. Preusser, B. Kielb, E. Taciroglu, R. Nigbor & S.F. Ghahari

Determination of modal properties and FE model updating of the Metropolitan Cathedral of Santiago de Chile
W.R. Torres, J.L. Almazán, C. Sandoval & R.L. Boroschek

Automated post-earthquake damage detection in a monumental bell tower by continuous dynamic monitoring
F. Ubertini, N. Cavalagli, G. Comanducci, A.L. Materazzi, A.L. Pisello & F. Cotana

The historical centre of Marignane (France). Survey, diagnostic campaign and structural assessment
M.R. Vitale, M. Salerno, B. Billeci, M. Dessì & L. Callea

Assessing historic bridge bearings – the potential of hardness measurements for characterizing cast steel
V.Wetzk & P. Schüle

Analysis of sample size for on-site inspection of concrete strength by Monte-Carlo method
W.P. Zhang, H. Li & X.L. Gu

Adobe and vernacular constructions

Traditional architecture in extreme climates of Chile. Methodology for analysis, assessment and intervention
M. Hurtado & N. Hormazábal

In situ testing and modeling of cultural heritage buildings in Peru
P.B. Lourenço, G. Karanikoloudis & F. Greco

Research on structural stability of the traditional timber houses in Bursa-Turkey
A. Saydamer & M.B. Ba˘gbancı

Use of traditional building construction techniques for restoring vernacular heritage in Pakistan
S. Muhammad,W. Ali, S. Ghazi & F.Wenzel

Conservation of the 20th century architectural heritage

Prefabrication “made in Italy”. Preservation versus transformation
F. Albani

The Kresge Auditorium: Conserving structurally expressive modern concrete buildings
S. Barry

Durable consolidation by cathodic protection of steel elements in historical concrete and masonry buildings
K. Brosens, D. Van Gemert & K. Verreydt

Conserving the Socks: Diagnosing and treating deterioration of the Sydney Opera House roof pedestals
C. Logan &A. McLaurin

Prefabricated concrete facades and their existing condition: Case study of New Belgrade’s residential buildings
N. Macut &A. Radivojevi´c

Early concrete structures: Patented systems and construction features
I. Marcos, J.T. San-José, J. Cuadrado, A. Santamaría, L. Garmendia & J. Díez

Rehabilitation of RC buildings from the late 19th–early 20th centuries – methodological discussion
E. Paupério & X. Romão

From tradition to modernization – building techniques in Serbia during 19th and early 20th century
A. Radivojevi´c, Lj. -Dukanovi´c & M. Roter-Blagojevi´c

Interwar garden district ‘Klein Rusland’ (Zelzate-Belgium): Living lab project
A. Verdonck & H. Schroyen

Structural assessment of light ceiling and vault constructions of the late 19th/early 20th century
D. Richter & S.M. Holzer

Ringers; rise, decline and reuse of a chocolate factory
A.F. Thomsen & E. Carels

3D Variel modules in precast concrete in Belgium (1969–1981): The work of Fritz Stucky and Willy Van Der Meeren
I.Wouters, S. Van de Voorde & E. De Kooning

Structural assessment and intervention of archaeological sites

Conserving the tomb chamber complex in the Midas Mound at Gordion in Turkey
D. Biggs, R. Liebhart & S. Gönen

The conservation of the government complex in Caesarea Maritima (IL)
C. Marson, S. Taffarel, F. da Porto, M.R. Valluzzi, C. Modena, M. Cohen, Y. Schaffer & L. Sukhanov

Vulnerability analysis of two Mayan vaulted structures aided by a genetic algorithm tool
C. Flores Espino & H. Orea Magaña

Ethical questions around structural interventions in archaeological sites
P. Smars &T. Patrício

Structural strengthening of the adobe ceremonial building in North Sudan
R. Tarczewski

Theory and practice of conservation

On the definition of the line of thrust
O. Gaspar & I. Sajtos

Conservation theory for enhanced craft practice
G. Almevik & K.-M. Melin

When can we claim to know and be able to assess the structures of an ancient building?
P. Matracchi

Physical and measurement models for structural analysis – an endangered part of historical constructions
E. Möller

Between engineering and architecture in the conservation process of historical buildings
A. Mosseri

The problem of maintenance of historical arched lintels
R. Nowak

Conservation of timber structures in Istanbul: Problems and proposals
I. Polat-Pekmezci, K.K. Eyüpgiller, C. Üstünda˘g & B.Y. Pekmezci

Repair and strengthening techniques

Out-of-plane behavior of masonry walls strengthened by FRCM composites
A. Bellini, A. Incerti & C. Mazzotti

The role of adhesive stiffness on the FRP-masonry bond behavior: A round robin initiative
F. Ceroni, A. Kwiecie´n, C. Mazzotti, A. Bellini, E. Garbin, M. Panizza & M.R. Valluzzi

Diagonal compression tests on masonry panels strengthened by FRP and FRCM
C. Mazzotti, F. Ferretti, B. Ferracuti &A. Incerti

Strengthening of masonry vaults through a thin extradoxal layer of fiber reinforced lime mortar
N. Gattesco & I. Boem

Developments and experimentations of the “Reinforced Arch Method”
L. Jurina

Studies on pull-out resistance of reinforcement in bed-joint of brick masonry
S. Mehendale, A. Bambole & S. Raghunath

In-plane shear behaviour of earthen materials panels strengthened with polyester fabric strips
L. Miccoli, P. Fontana & U. Müller

Analytical solution of bending of viscoelastic timber beam reinforced with FRP sheet
Y. Ouyang, X. Yang, Q. Fu, X.L. Gu & P.Wang

Experimental study on retrofitting earth block masonry
I. Papayianni, M. Drygiannakis, G.-M. Zarmpoutis, G. Mitolidis & K. Katakalos

Strengthening of the north dome in the “Four Domes Pavilion” using FRCM system
J. Jasie´nko, Ł. Bednarz, K. Raszczuk &W. Misztal

San Giovanni Battista church: Operational modal analysis after injected anchors strengthening
F. Silveri, P. Riva, G. Profeta, A. Belleri, E. Poverello & P. Panzeri

Flexural resistance of longitudinally cracked wood beams retrofitted by self-tapping screws
X.B. Song, Y.J.Wu, X.L. Gu &Y.M. Jiang

Structural safety of masonry walls during the work: Considerations from practice
S.P. Sparks

Research on restoration scheme ofYing-Xian Timber Pagoda
J. Yuan, S. Peng, Y. Shi & J.Wang

Analytical and numerical approaches

Thermomechanical model updating of the world’s largest oval dome
R. Ceravolo, M.A. Chiorino, G. De Lucia, G. Grasso & M.L. Pecorelli

Structural analysis methodology for old masonry vault
N. Domede &A. Sellier

Dynamic response of a monumental apartment building to paraseismic loadings
J.M. Dulinska & I.J. Murzyn

Excess capacity in steel columns
D. Friedman

Simple homogenization-topology optimization approach for the pushover analysis of masonry walls
G. Milani & M. Bruggi

Rocking and kinematic analysis of two masonry church façades
L. Giresini, P.B. Lourenço, M.L. Puppio & M. Sassu

Safety evaluation of inner gallery in Bayon temple by DEM with preliminary experiments
T. Hironaka, T. Maeda, M. Araya & N. Ejiri

Analysis of historical timber structures
S.M. Holzer

Qualitative and quantitative approaches to highly local behaviors of historical masonry structures
D. Mencías, J. García & F. Magdalena

Nativity Church narthex: A non-linear FEM procedure for the diagnosis of a structural damage
G. Milani, M. Valente & C. Alessandri

The application of a Bayesian approach to assess the seismic vulnerability of historical centers
S. Taffarel, G.P. Campostrini, L. Rosato, C. Marson, F. da Porto & C. Modena

Historical iron tie-rods within masonry vaults: Compared study of their structural behaviour
J. Mora-Gómez

A method for the analysis of masonry arches
E. Ricci, E. Sacco & M.D. Piccioni

Limit state analysis of historical structures using graphic statics related to the Principle of VirtualWorks
J.F. Rondeaux & D. Zastavni

Cantilevered staircase: Influence of building technology on the behavior
I. Sajtos

Effects of the thickness and angle of embrace uncertainties on the limit equilibrium of masonry arches under horizontal loads
N. Cavalagli, V. Gusella & L. Severini

Quality assessment of equivalent strut models for RC frames with URM infill walls
N. Shetty, L. Abrahamczyk & J. Schwarz

A discrete macro-model homogenized with a holonomic approach for the nonlinear static analysis of out-of-plane loaded masonry
L.C. Silva, G. Milani & P.B. Lourenço

In-situ and laboratory experimental results

Unreinforced vs. strengthened stone masonry walls: Experimental study of their out-of-plane behaviour
A. Arêde, A. Gomes, D. Marques &A.A. Costa

Mechanical and metallographic characterization of iron tie-rods in masonry buildings: An experimental study
C. Calderini, R. Vecchiattini, C. Battini & P. Piccardo

Ties in historical constructions: Typical features and laboratory tests
E. Cescatti, F. da Porto, C. Modena & F. Casarin

Impact of the hot-driving process on the strength and ductility of steel rivets
Q. Collette, I.Wouters, M. D’Aniello & R. Landolfo

Mohr-Coulomb failure domain of rural masonry through slightly-destructive tests
F. Ferretti, C. Mazzotti, B. Ferracuti &A.R. Tilocca

A simplified model to assess out-of-plane response of rubble masonry walls derived from experimental evidence
R. Fonti, R. Barthel, A. Borri, R. Savelli & M. Candela

Experimental investigation on hot riveted double shear connections, a friction analysis
L. Gallegos Mayorga, S. Sire & B. Plu

Salt crystallization damage: Understanding strain at the atomic scale
A. Hamilton

Seismic and wind performance of five-storied pagoda of timber heritage structure affected by Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 and typhoon Jelawat of 2012
T. Hanazato, Y. Niitsu, M. Morii, C. Minowa, K. Nitto &T. Yokoo

Assessing the physical-mechanical properties of ferruginous sandstone
R. Hayen, L. Fontaine & H. De Clercq

Long-term effects of water on the mechanical properties of brick masonry
D.H. Jing, H. Chen, S.Y. Cao & K.Q. Sun

Experimental analysis of typical hollow clay fictile tubules of cultural heritage of Mediterranean area
R.S. Olivito, C. Scuro & R. Codispoti

In-situ destructive testing of strengthened masonry vaults
E. Cescatti, M. Dalla Benetta, C. Modena & K.Wasilewski

Experimental verification of the static model for the characterization of the halved and undersquinted scarf connection
E. Perria, M. Paradiso & M. Kessel

Mechanical characterization of TabiqueWalls through experimental compression tests
B. Quelhas da Silva, J. Miranda Guedes, A. Rebelo &T. Ilharco

Preliminary results for using micro-lime – clay soil grouts for plaster reattachment on earthen support
G. Schwantes & S.B. Dai

A rig for experimenting the dynamic behaviour of masonry arches
P. Smars

Assessing and repairing masonry retaining structures by yield design analysis and experimental modelling
B. Terrade, A.-S. Colas & D. Garnier

Utilization of partially destructive test methods on mechanical properties of historical lime mortars
E.Y. Tuncel, I.P. Pekmezci & B.Y. Pekmezci

Shaking table test of hinged steel frames in historical buildings
L.Wang, X.L. Gu &W.P. Zhang

An experimental study of column connections in Chinese multilayer timber structure heritages
Z. Yue

Structural performance of masonry-infilled historic steel frames with openings under low-cycle loading
W.P. Zhang, J.C. Gui, B.T.Wang & X.L. Gu

Seismic behavior and retrofitting

Seismic precautions in Ottoman Baths: Focus on architectural design and construction detailing
K. Apak & G. Mirabella Roberti

An attempt in seismic risk mitigation in cultural heritage sites: Historical peninsula of Istanbul
I.E. Bal, E. Smyrou, B. Güne¸s &A. Ilki

Experimental pushover analysis of a model masonry bridge
A. Benedetti & S. Briccoli Bati

Testing of the seismic isolation system for the bust of Francesco I d’Este in Modena, Italy
M.G. Castellano, A.E. Pigouni, L. Marcolin, S. Infanti, S. Baggio, L. Berto, P. Faccio, I. Rocca &A. Saetta

Seismic analysis of artistic assets: The Piero della Francesca’s fresco called “Resurrection”
G. Castori, A. Borri, R. Sisti, M. Corradi &A. De Maria

Analysis of historical monuments damaged by the 2015 Nepal earthquake
A. Mehrotra & M.J. DeJong

Italian castles and earthquakes: A GIS for knowledge and preservation
E. Coïsson, D. Ferretti & E. Lenticchia

Inspections and NDT for the characterization of historical buildings after seismic events: 2012 Emilia earthquake
D. Foppoli

Seismic capacity of masonry groin vaults through upper bound limit analysis
A. Gaetani, G. Monti, A. Paolone, P.B. Lourenço & G. Milani

Simplified evaluation of seismic vulnerability of early 20th century masonry buildings in Lisbon
A. Simões, R. Bento, S. Lagomarsino & P.B. Lourenço

Review of seismic assessment procedures proposed for URM traditional and heritage structures
F.V. Karantoni & S.J. Pantazopoulou

Temporary and removable quick seismic protection of weak masonry structures using highly deformable adhesives
A. Kwiecie´n, M. Gams, A. Viskovic & B. Zaja˛c

Statistical seismic vulnerability of New Zealand unreinforced masonry churches
A. Marotta, L. Sorrentino, D. Liberatore & J.M. Ingham

Seismic assessment of Félix Candela’s concrete shells and their behavior during the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. A case study on the Church of our Lady of the Miraculous Medal
T. Michiels, M. Garlock & S. Adriaenssens

Sensitivity analyses of the seismic performance of mixed masonry-RC buildings: The “Rabo de Bacalhau” building type in Lisbon
J. Milosevic, R. Bento & S. Cattari

Numerical analyses of the structural behaviour of the Katholikon of Daphni Monastery after grouting application
A. Miltiadou-Fezans, J.A. Dourakopoulos, P.G. Giannopoulos, N. Delinikolas, E. Vintzileou & Ch. Mouzakis

Seismic behavior of an old masonry building in Vila Real de Santo António, Portugal
J. Ortega, G. Vasconcelos, H. Rodrigues & M. Correia

Geotechnical conditions and seismic hazard analysis for architecture heritage preservation in Peru: The Andahuaylillas Church case study
M.A. Pando, R. Aguilar, S. Lopez & G. Zavala

Seismic behavior and vulnerability of church roof structures
M.A. Parisi, C. Tardini & E. Maritato

Seismic design of tension wall-diaphragm anchorage for historical unreinforced masonry buildings
S. Moreira, L.F. Ramos, D.V. Oliveira, P.B. Lourenço &V.S. Cóias

Seismic isolation of historic towers: Feasibility study on a simplified model of the Tower of Pisa
R. Crettaz, A. Tsiavos & B. Stojadinovi´c

Seismic vulnerability maps of Timisoara historical center based on fragility curves
S. Taffarel, C. Marson, C. Valotto, M. Roverato, M. Munari, F. da Porto, C. Modena & M. Mo¸soarc˘a

Seismic protection and preservation of the Newari architecture in Nepal
S. Tonna, V. Sumini, C. Chesi, F. Chillè, S. Prajapati & L. Sorrentino

Seismic retrofitting of San Pedro de Atacama church
J. Vargas-Neumann, C. Sosa Cárdenas, R. Aguilar Vélez & B. Yuste Miguel

Rehabilitation, re-use and valorization of cultural heritage buildings

Urban valorization of a military heritage building. Case study: City Business Center, Timisoara
M. Mo¸soarc˘a, V. Gaivoronschi, I. Andreescu &V. Stoian

Exposing the sacred monumentality in Ugarit: Remodelling the temple of Baal
T. Teba, D. Theodossopoulos & J. Crow

Analysis of a historical metal structure at Merksplas Colony (B)
K. Verreydt, K. Brosens, K. Loomans & M. de Bouw

Seismic safety evaluation and reinforcement design of Honjo BrickWarehouse
S. Yamada, M. Araya & K. Fukushima

Sustainable adaptive reuse of modernist post-war office towers
M. Leus

Evaluation of structural intervention in the Quartel das Esquadras, Almeida (Portugal)
L.F. Ramos, A.C. Núñez García, F.M. Fernandes & P.B. Lourenço

Usage requirements for antique wooden floors in the context of their conservation
A. Rozanska &A. Policinska-Serwa

Case studies

Partial collapse and reconstruction of the vault of the Cathedral in Piazza Armerina (Sicily, Italy)
T. Basiricò, S. Campione &A. Cottone

Structural behavior and damage investigation of a neo-gothic masonry arcade
L. Bejarano-Urrego, G. Karanikoloudis, M. Puliga, P. Kabele & D. Biggs

Collapse and reconstruction of the tower of the StWillibrordus church at Meldert Lummen (B)
D. Van Gemert & S. Ignoul

The church of Santa Maria Elisabetta in Peia (Italy): From history to structural issues
P. Condoleo, L. Pezzoli &A. Taliercio

The Augustan Bridge at Narni: From laser survey to FEM seismic analysis
A. Custodi & F. Scaia

Comparison results between linear dynamic and nonlinear static analyses for an historical RC frame
M. Fava, E. Stievanin, F. da Porto & C. Modena

Stability problems of the church of Santa Fosca on Torcello island
A. Manzo & C. Chesi

Complex reconstruction project of Mayakovskaya metro station in the centre of Moscow
A.A. Shilin, A.M. Kirilenko & P.A. Znajchenko

Structural studies of the Bucelas church main vault
A.S. Gago, J. Alves & R. Ferreira

The spire of Freiburg Minster: Load assumptions and application for structural analysis
J. Tutsch & R. Barthel

Historical structures for modern times, secured by respectful engineering support and restoration practice
D. Van Gemert, S. Ignoul, G. Heirman, K. Brosens & E. Verstrynge

Structural observations on Macedonian Tower, Edirne
U. Almac, M. Alaboz, I.E. Bal, O. Karahan & S. Dashti

Restoration and strengthening of the old building of Åland Maritime Museum in Mariehamn, Finland
K.C. Avellan & E. Belopotocanova

Masonries and other construction techniques in the buildings of the Politecnico di Milano core-campus: Between tradition and modernity (1912–1961)
L. Balboni & C. Di Biase

Protection of Diestiaan stone throughout the process of restoration – Church of Saint-Catharina, Diest, Belgium
C. Boes, R. Hayen & R. Keersmaekers

Restoration of the Park Abbey library and its baroque stucco ceiling
G. Heirman, S. Ignoul, S. Beyen, S. Van Lani & K. Deckers

The Maniace Castle in Siracusa. Reinforcement of XVIII century buttresses by external steel tendons
C.F. Carocci, C. Circo, N. Impollonia, G. Cocuzza Avellino, R. De Benedictis & C. Tocci

The effectiveness of ancient “hidden” tie rods in masonry dome preservation: San Giovanni in Florence
F. Ottoni, C. Blasi, M. Betti & G. Bartoli

Seismic vulnerability indicators of the Franciscan Route churches in Tlajomulco, Mexico by simplified methods
A. Preciado, O. Rodríguez, A. Ramírez-Gaytán, G. Rosales, J.L. Caro & R. Lujan

A unique case in Mantua: The RomanWall between Gonzaga’s stable and the SaltWarehouse
A. Saisi, S. Terenzoni & L. Valsasnini

Repair and retrofit of Ketchaoua Mosque in Algeria
H. Sesigur, G. Erol, S. Soyoz, K. Kaynardag & S. Gonen

The study of the cause of the collapse for theYounggwilu (Pavilion) in Jagyeseowon (Traditional Private School)
H.Yu, E. Cho & C. Park

Pre-diagnostic survey and static monitoring of a historic tower
C. Gentile &A. Saisi

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Koenraad Van Balen is full professor in construction materials at the KU Leuven, director of the Raymond Lemaire International Center for Conservation (RLICC) and holder of the Unesco chair on preventive conservation, monitoring and maintenance of monuments and sites (PRECOM3OS). He was the first Secretary-General of the International Scientific ICOMOS Committee on Structures (ISCARSAH). He has numerous publications and managed different research projects dealing with heritage preservation, ancient and new sustainable construction materials and is actively involved in research strategies on Cultural Heritage at European level.