Structure and Function in Agroecosystem Design and Management: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Structure and Function in Agroecosystem Design and Management

1st Edition

Edited by Masae Shiyomi, Hiroshi Koizumi

CRC Press

456 pages | 50 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849309045
pub: 2001-02-21
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Description

Structure and Function in Agroecosystem Design and Management presents an advanced discussion of the need to design agricultural systems that 1) increase reliance on biological interactions in agroecosystems as a means of decreasing dependence on the use of large quantities of agrochemicals and the consumption of fossil fuel energy and 2) continue to produce optimal crop yields. Written by international experts, this book discusses biological interactions, matter circulation, and disturbance operating within the agroecosystems in question.

The book covers matter cycling and focuses on reducing practices that require the consumption of large quantities of agrochemicals and fossil fuels. The editors then explore the effects of environmental changes and how they will change the management of the next generation of agroecosystems.

Is it possible to replace current technologies based on fossil energy with proper interactions operating between crops, livestock, and other organisms to enhance production? If the answer is yes, then modern agriculture can be transformed into an integrated system in which the use of complex biotic interactions is the key technology. Structure and Function in Agroecosystem Design and Management focuses on how can work when designed according to sound ecological practices, and provides the foundation to manage them in an ecologically efficient manner.

Table of Contents

Introduction, M. Shiyomi and H. Koizumi

Biological Interactions in Agroecosystems

Biodiversity in Agroecosystems and Bioindicators of Environmental Health, M.G. Paoletti

Species Diversity in Grasslands, J. Mitchley

Ecological Management of Crop-Weed Interactions, C. Doyle, N. McRoberts, R. Kirkwood and G. Marshall Utilization of Biological Interactions and Matter Cycling in Agriculture, M. Shiyomi

Biological Interaction in Tropical Grassland Ecosystems, P. Singh and S.D. Upadhyaya

Agroecology of Arbuscular-Mycorrhizal Activity, J.C. Zak and B. McMichael

Species Structure and Abundance of Invertebrate Natural Enemies in Sustainable Agroecosystems, H. Amano

Plant Diseases and Plant Ecology, E. Malathrakis and D.G. Georgakopoulos

Matter Cycling in Agroecosystems

Carbon Cycling in Croplands, H. Koizumi

Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Temperate Zone Arable Lands, M. Simek and L. E. Cooper

Impacts of Grazing on the Ecosystems, D. Huang

Environmental Fate of Pesticides, M. Ueji and Y. Kobara

The Effect of Evolved Atmospheric CO2 on Grazed Grasslands, P.C.D. Newton, H. Clark, and G.R. Edwards

Effects of Environmental Changes on the Structure of Agroecosystems

Impact of Grazing on Soil Properties in Steppe Ecosystems, Z. Chen and X. Cui

Changing Soil Biological Health in Agroecosystems, J. Park

Nitrogen Cycle and Agriculture, H. Kawashima

Growth and Yield of Paddy Rice under Free-Air CO2 Enrichment, K. Kobayashi

Effects of Climatic Change in Finland on Growth and Yield Formation of Wheat and Meadow Fescue, K. Hakala

About the Series

Advances in Agroecology

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT010000
NATURE / Ecology
TEC003000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General
TEC003040
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / Forestry