Sub- and Supercritical Hydrothermal Technology: Industrial Applications offers a practical view of a variety of industrial applications and their challenges, offering a deep understanding of the application of sub- and supercritical fluids and their techno-economic viability.
This book covers a wide range of applications of hydrothermal processing that result in almost zero waste, high energy efficiency, sustainable chemical processes, and minimal impact over the life cycle. These applications include processing of hazardous waste, bioproducts, coal, lipids, heavy oil and bitumen, and carbon materials. The use of hot-compressed water instead of different organic solvents, such as methanol, acetone, and hexane, is an environmentally benign, green, and sustainable option which can help to design chemical processes that support green chemistry and engineering.
This book is pertinent for researchers and professionals in the fields of chemical engineering, industrial chemistry, environmental engineering, materials engineering, and manufacturing.
Table of Contents
- Subcritical Water Technology in Bioproducts Extraction and Nano-cellulose Production (F. Barla and S. Kumar)
- Hydrothermal Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass (E. Resurreccion and S. Kumar)
- Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Terrestrial and Aquatic Biomass (F. Barla and S. Kumar)
- Hydrothermal Carbonization for Producing Carbon Materials (A. Thakkar and S. Kumar)
- Supercritical Water Gasification of Biomass: Technology and Challenges (A. Thakkar and S. Kumar)
- Supercritical Water Oxidation of Hazardous Waste (Chen Li & S. Kumar)
- Hydrothermal Mineralization (Elena Barbera and S. Kumar)
- Supercritical Water Processing of Coal to Liquid Fuels (M. Feng)
- Hydrothermal Processing of Heavy Oil and Bitumen (E. Resurreccion and S. Kumar)
- Potential Use of Subcritical Water Technology in Polymer Fibers Recycle (F. Barla and S. Kumar)
Dr. Sandeep Kumar is a chemical engineer and since July 2010 is Associate Professor in the Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Old Dominion University, VA. As Director, Energy Cluster at Frank Batten College of Engineering, Old Dominion University, Dr. Kumar is working on interdisciplinary research, energy-related courses, and outreach activities. Dr. Kumar possesses nearly twenty years of professional experience in industry, R&D, and academic research in the area of carbon black, nuclear fuels, and biofuels with responsibilities in new process development, process engineering, and project management. Dr. Kumar started his professional career in 1994 as a process engineer and was a certified project management professional (PMP®) between 2007 and 2011. Dr. Kumar earned his PhD in Chemical Engineering from Auburn University, AL in May 2010. His current research focuses on the application of sub- and supercritical water technology for the conversion of biomass/algae to advanced biofuels and bioproducts. Dr. Kumar’s areas of interest are supercritical fluids (CO2 and water), biofuels, hydrodeoxygenation of lipids, and the applications of chemical and environmental engineering concepts to produce renewable fuels. His expertise is in high temperature and high pressure reactions involving biomass components such as proteins, lipids, cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin. Dr. Kumar has served as reviewer/panelist for several scientific international journals and grant agencies. He has successfully secured more than $1.5M of external research grants including the prestigious NSF CAREER award. Dr. Kumar has been awarded 2 patents, and has published 5 book chapters, 30 peer-reviewed journal publications, and more than 50 conference presentations.