Surveying Instruments and Technology: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Surveying Instruments and Technology

1st Edition

By Leonid Nadolinets, Eugene Levin, Daulet Akhmedov

CRC Press

236 pages | 32 Color Illus. | 173 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781498762380
pub: 2017-06-12
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315153346
pub: 2017-07-06
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With the advent of GPS/GNSS satellite navigation systems and Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) surveying profession is nowadays facing its transformative stage. Written by a team of surveying experts, Surveyor’s Instruments and Technology gives surveying students and practitioners profound understanding of how surveying instruments are designed and operating based on surveying instrument functionality. The book includes the required basic knowledge of accurate measurements of distances and angles from theoretical principles to advanced optical, mechanical, electronic and software components for comparative analysis. Readers are presented with basic elements of UAS systems, practical interpretation techniques, sensor components, and operating platforms. Appropriate for surveying courses at all levels, this guide helps students and practitioners alike to understand what is behind the buttons of surveying instruments of all kinds when considering practical project implementations.


"I am impressed by the detail of this book. Not only has this book provided the history of surveying equipment, but also the reason and technological advances that made this changes. It is also pleasing to see the corresponding mathematics and the accuracies that have evolved to accommodate societies’ needs along with equipment companies. It is not difficult to imagine this book will be a good reference in classroom and surveying research as well."

—Yushin Ahn, Michigan Technological University, USA

"While existing literature in recent years has been concentrating on computer processing of the developments in surveying, the book adds the area of instrumentation and its use, which so far has been missing and is not accessible elsewhere. The international authors ought to be congratulated on this effort to fill the void. They have added clear illustrations of the detailed components of instrumentation and the use of these tools. The book will serve as a fundamental reference in modern survey literature for students and practitioners in civil engineering and geoinformatics."

— Gottfried Konecny, Leibniz University Hannover, Germany

Table of Contents




Chapter 1 Introduction.

Surveying Profession and Instruments: Historical Perspective

Existing Books and Why We Decided to Write Our Book

Structure of the Book

Chapter 2 Levels.

Optical Levels

Laser Levels


Chapter 3 Theodolites.

Historical Prototypes of Modern Theodolites

Optical Theodolite

Electronic Theodolite

Basic Operation Principle of a Theodolite

Main Parts of a Theodolite


Chapter 4 Electronic Distance Measurer (EDM).

Physical Fundamentals of Surveying Electronic Distance Measurers (EDMs)

Time Interval Measuring Methods Applied in EDMs

Semiconductor Photodetectors and Light Sources of EDMs

EDM Optical Schemes


Chapter 5 Total Stations.

Total Station Configuration

Additional Appliances of a Total Station Telescope

Robotic Total Stations

Checking and Adjusting Total Stations


Chapter 6 Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS).

Fundamental Principles of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)

Coordinate Systems

Types of GNSS

Differential GPS and SBAS

GNSS Receivers

GNSS Applications


Chapter 7 Obtaining and Processing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Data for Surveying and Mapping.

Obtaining Surveying Data Using Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)

UAV Photogrammetry

UAV Mapping Project Management Considerations

UAV Mapping Project Cost Considerations


About the Authors

Leonid Nadolinets lives in Moscow, Russia. Nadolinets has devoted his life to studying and developing surveying instruments. His PhD thesis covered topical surveying instrument developing. Nadolinets has worked as a research fellow at many research institutes in Russia and abroad. He has also attended training courses arranged by leading surveying manufacturers from the United States, Europe, Japan, and China. Currently, Nadolinets heads a consulting company that develops and maintains surveying instruments.

Eugene Levin is the program chair of surveying engineering and associate professor at the School of Technology at Michigan Technological University. Levin also directs the Integrated Geospatial Technology graduate program. He received an MS degree in astrogeodesy from Siberian State Geodetic Academy in 1982 and a PhD in photogrammetry from Moscow State Land Organization University in 1989. He has more than 30 years of experience in academia and the geospatial industry in the United States, Israel, and Russia. He has held research and management positions with several academic institutions and high-tech companies, including the Research Institute of Applied Geodesy, Omsk Agricultural Academy, Rosnitc "Land," Ness Technologies, Physical Optics Corporation, Digital Map Products, American GNC, and Future Concepts. He has served as a principal investigator and project manager for multiple award-winning government programs.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems