236 pages | 32 Color Illus. | 173 B/W Illus.
With the advent of GPS/GNSS satellite navigation systems and Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) surveying profession is nowadays facing its transformative stage. Written by a team of surveying experts, Surveyor’s Instruments and Technology gives surveying students and practitioners profound understanding of how surveying instruments are designed and operating based on surveying instrument functionality. The book includes the required basic knowledge of accurate measurements of distances and angles from theoretical principles to advanced optical, mechanical, electronic and software components for comparative analysis. Readers are presented with basic elements of UAS systems, practical interpretation techniques, sensor components, and operating platforms. Appropriate for surveying courses at all levels, this guide helps students and practitioners alike to understand what is behind the buttons of surveying instruments of all kinds when considering practical project implementations.
"I am impressed by the detail of this book. Not only has this book provided the history of surveying equipment, but also the reason and technological advances that made this changes. It is also pleasing to see the corresponding mathematics and the accuracies that have evolved to accommodate societies’ needs along with equipment companies. It is not difficult to imagine this book will be a good reference in classroom and surveying research as well."
—Yushin Ahn, Michigan Technological University, USA
"While existing literature in recent years has been concentrating on computer processing of the developments in surveying, the book adds the area of instrumentation and its use, which so far has been missing and is not accessible elsewhere. The international authors ought to be congratulated on this effort to fill the void. They have added clear illustrations of the detailed components of instrumentation and the use of these tools. The book will serve as a fundamental reference in modern survey literature for students and practitioners in civil engineering and geoinformatics."
— Gottfried Konecny, Leibniz University Hannover, Germany
Chapter 1 Introduction.
Surveying Profession and Instruments: Historical Perspective
Existing Books and Why We Decided to Write Our Book
Structure of the Book
Chapter 2 Levels.
Chapter 3 Theodolites.
Historical Prototypes of Modern Theodolites
Basic Operation Principle of a Theodolite
Main Parts of a Theodolite
Chapter 4 Electronic Distance Measurer (EDM).
Physical Fundamentals of Surveying Electronic Distance Measurers (EDMs)
Time Interval Measuring Methods Applied in EDMs
Semiconductor Photodetectors and Light Sources of EDMs
EDM Optical Schemes
Chapter 5 Total Stations.
Total Station Configuration
Additional Appliances of a Total Station Telescope
Robotic Total Stations
Checking and Adjusting Total Stations
Chapter 6 Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS).
Fundamental Principles of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)
Types of GNSS
Differential GPS and SBAS
Chapter 7 Obtaining and Processing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Data for Surveying and Mapping.
Obtaining Surveying Data Using Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
UAV Mapping Project Management Considerations
UAV Mapping Project Cost Considerations