A global industry and an important tool for economic development, international tourism is facing an increasingly uncertain future. Global environmental change, including climate change; increasing fuel prices; and growing criticism from environmental and social interest groups are posing substantial challenges to the belief that international tourism can be sustainable at current rates and patterns of growth. This book therefore aims to answer the questions of if and how tourism can be a sustainable industry. The book concludes that sustainable tourism is possible but that it requires fundamental shifts in operations, systems and philosophies. The various contributions identify a number of means by which this can be accomplished but stress that sustainable tourism still has a long way to travel before it can reach its destination.
Table of Contents
1. Sustainable Tourism Futures: Perspectives on Systems, Restructuring and Innovations Part 1: Theoretical Foundations: Re-thinking the Tourism System 2. 30 Years of Sustainable Tourism: Drivers, Progress, Problems – and the Future 3. Reflections on Sustainable Tourism and Paradigm Change Part 2: Restructuring the Tourism System: Practical Examples 4. Inaction More than Action: Barriers to the Implementation of Sustainable Tourism Policies 5. Transport and Tourism in Scotland: A Case Study of Scenario Planning at VisitScotland 6. Tourism and Climate Change Mitigation: Which Data is Needed for What Use? 7. Theory and Practice of Environmental Management and Monitoring in Hotel Chains 8. Sustainable Ski Resort Principles: An Uphill Journey 9. Piloting a Carbon Emissions Audit for an International Arts Festival Under Tight Resource Constraints: Methods, Issues and Results 10. Voluntary Carbon Offsets; a Contribution to Sustainable Tourism? Part 3: Innovation: Sustainable Tourism Futures 11.The Implementation of Sustainable Tourism: A Project Based Perspective 12. Carbon Labelling and Restructuring Travel Systems: Involving Travel Agencies in Climate Change Mitigation 13. Moving Towards Low-Carbon Tourism: New Opportunities for Destinations and Tour Operators 14. Sustainable Transportation Guidelines for Nature-Based Tour Operators 15. Tourism Firm Innovation and Sustainability 16. Synthesis and Conclusions
Dr. Stefan Gössling is research coordinator at the Centre for Sustainable- and Geotourism, Western Norway Research Institute, and an Associate Professor at the Service Management programme, Lund University/Sweden. He has been contributing author to the IPCC's 4th Assessment Report and has recently contributed to Climate Change and Tourism: Responding to Global Challenges (published by UNWTO-UNEP-WMO).
Dr. C. Michael Hall is a Professor in the Department of Management, University of Canterbury, New Zealand and Docent in the Department of Geography, University of Oulu, Finland. Co-editor of Current Issues in Tourism he has published widely in the fields of tourism, environmental history and gastronomy, including research on social marketing, climate change and sustainable consumption.
Dr. David B. Weaver is Professor of Tourism Research at Griffith University, Australia. He is author or co-author of over 80 refereed journal articles and book chapters as well as ten books on tourism management, sustainable tourism and ecotourism.