1st Edition

Sustainable and Conservation Management of Environmental Resources in India

    526 Pages 15 Color & 48 B/W Illustrations
    by Apple Academic Press

    The concept of natural resource sustainability has taken on new importance in today’s world, and community participation in the conservation of forest resources is essential for generating innovative sustainability solutions. Studying the many aspects of agroforestry in terms of natural resource conservation at temporal and spatial ecosystem levels is extremely important in the design of policies for sustainable development.

    This new book looks at some of the major research topics important in sustainability and natural resource conservation, from traditional knowledge to environmental resources in forest settings.

    It discusses the possibilities of agroforestry for biodiversity conservation and for nutritional security. It also addresses the implications of sustainability and natural resource conservation for improved livelihoods of local populations, such as the use of climate-resilient farming methods, silkworm-based agroforestry systems, and extraction of forest resources by indigenous populations. It also covers topics such as carbon sequestration in agroforestry systems, approaches to repairing salty and sodic soil through the use of halophytes, and features and role of lowland tropical forests of the Eastern Himalayas in connection to environment preservation.

    Sustainable and Conservation Management of Environmental Resources in India brings together critical sustainability topics, including pollution, agroforestry, forest fire detection and monitoring, sericulture-based agroforestry, soil quality preservation and restoration, and remote sensing and machine learning for improved agriculture. This book will be of benefit to scholars, academicians, and researchers working in the areas of sustainability and environmental resources.

    Introduction

    1. Nurturing Natural Resources for Reducing Environmental Pollution

    Dibyendu Mukhopadhyay, Princy Thakur, and Basabduttaa Bhabai

    2. Vegetation Dynamics and Climate Change: A Study of the Indian Himalayan Region

    Amit Kumar, Rima Kumari, Alisha Prasad, Preet Lal, and Purabi Saikia

    3. Carbon Stock Potential and Ecosystem Services Provisioned by Major Land-Use Systems in Southern Assam, India: A Meta-Analysis

    Demsai Reang, Amitabha Nath, Arun Jyoti Nath, and Ashesh Kumar Das

    4. Floral Diversity in Various Land Use Types in Jodhpur District of Arid Rajasthan, India

    Kaushal Singh, Deepak Mishra, and G. Singh

    5. Forest Fire Detection and Monitoring for Its Management: Remote Sensing and a GIS/Geospatial Technology Approach

    Debasish Chakraborty, Arpan Bhowmik, Nilimesh Mridha and Kitdor Pyngrope

    6. Agroforestry Systems for Ecosystem Services in India

    S. B. Chavan, A. R. Uthappa, A. R. Chichaghare, Dhiraj Kumar, Chhavi Sirohi, and Vijaysinh D. Kakade

    7. Agroforestry System for Improved Above and Below Ground Biodiversity

    Prabhu Govindasamy, Rajarajan K., Manoj Chaudhary, Mukesh Choudhary, Mahendra Prasad, Sonu Kumar Mahawer, Keerthi M. C., Hanamant M. Halli, Dibyendu Deb, V. C. Tyagi, Srinivasan R., Rajagopal V., Bholuram Gurjar, and Suresh Ramanan S.

    8. Agroforestry Systems: An Effective Tool for Carbon Sequestration

    Chandini Pradhan, A. K. Ghosh, Preeti Singh, and Rajendra Gadhwal

    9. Traditional Agroforestry Systems of North-Eastern India: An Overview

    P. L. Bhutia, K. G. Bhutia, P. Panwar, N. R. Singh, S. Pal, and O. P. S. Khola

    10. Evidence-Based Agroforestry Systems as Climate-Resilient Farming Practices for Improving Livelihood and Sustainability in India

    Ajay Kumar Mishra, Rajeswari Das, Debabrata Nath, Vandana Kumari, Sarita Mishra, Bisworanjita Biswal, and Rakhi Tyagi

    11. Sericulture-Based Agroforestry Systems for Livelihood and Nutritional Security in India: An Overview

    Debnirmalya Gangopadhyay

    12. Potential of Different Soil Organic Amendments in Agroforestry Practices to Enhance Carbon Sequestration and Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emission

    Khushboo Gupta, Raushan Kumar, and Nirmali Bordoloi

    13. Restoration of Saline and Sodic Soil Through Using Halophytes as Agroforestry Components

    Manish Mathur and Preet Mathur

    14. Geochemistry and Health Status of Soils in the Agroforestry Dominated HRML Regions of Idukki, Southern Western Ghats, India

    A. Krishnakumar, S. K. Aditya, K. Anoopkrishnan, and K. G. Prijilal

    15. Sustainable Soil Health Management Through Agroforestry in the Soils of Arunachal Pradesh, India

    Jitendra Kumar, H. Kalita, Nirmal, Nishant Sinha, Dhiraj Kumar, Avinash Pandey, R. S. Chaudhary, and A. K. Patra

    16. Large Cardamom-Based Agroforestry System for Livelihood Security in Sikkim Himalayas

    Santosh K. Chettri, Aseesh Pandey, Kailash S. Gaira, and Rajesh Joshi

    17. Traditional Knowledge, Ethnic Foods, and Their Conservation of the Indigenous Lepcha Community of Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalaya

    Geetamani Chhetri, Aseesh Pandey, Kailash S. Gaira, and Rajesh Joshi

    18. Remote Sensing and Machine Learning Applications for Smart Precision Agriculture: A Review

    Sivakumar Rajagopal, Biswajita Mohanty, Madhumathi A., and Prabadevi B.

    Biography

    Sumit Chakravarty, PhD, is currently working as a Professor and Head of Department of Forestry, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari, Cooch Behar, West Bengal, India. He has a vast experience of more than 20 years in forestry training, research, and development. He has researched several aspects of forestry, agroforestry, medicinal plants, and climate change with national and internationally reputed publications. This includes many research papers, book chapters, and books. He has successfully completed several research projects, with 15 ongoing on forest ecology, medicinal plants, and agroforestry. He has trained more than 50 master‘s and doctoral students in the field of forestry. Dr. Chakravarty has attended more than 50 national and international conferences as a presenter and invited speaker. He holds a master’s degree in Forestry and a doctoral degree in Agronomy from Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.

    Vineeta, PhD, is an emergent researcher, currently holding the position of Assistant Professor in Forestry at Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari, Cooch Behar, West Bengal, India. She has more than seven years of teaching and research experience in the field of forestry. Her major contribution as a researcher is in the fields of ethnobotany, non-timber forest products (NTFPs), agroforestry, and medicinal plants. She has authored over 30 research papers, eight book chapters, and two books. She holds a BSc degree (Forestry) and MSc (Forestry) from HNB Garhwal Central University, Srinagar, Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India.

    Jahangeer A. Bhat, PhD, is currently serving at the College of Horticulture and Forestry at Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural University, Jhansi, India. He is also the former Head, Department of Forestry at the College of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Fiji National University, Republic of Fiji Islands. Dr. Bhat has worked as a counselor, mentor, and coordinator for academic forestry programs. Before joining Fiji National University, he worked for HNB Garhwal University and has 11 years of research and eight years of teaching experience with a publication record of more than 60, which includes research articles, review papers, conference papers, and books with publications of national and international repute. Dr. Bhat is a reviewer for several scientific journals and has handled research projects in his capacity as principal and co-principal investigator. His major interests lie in emerging issues in forestry, including the conservation of biodiversity, traditional knowledge of plants, and sustainable management of forest resources. His main research focus is on vegetation ecology, ethnobotany, and evaluation of ecosystem services, forest plant biodiversity, climate change, and sociocultural issues in forestry.

    Munesh Kumar, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, H.N.B. Garhwal University, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India. He also served at Mizoram University, Aizawl, India, as Assistant Professor in the Department of Forestry. His areas of research interest are forest ecology and biodiversity, agroforestry, and ethnobotany. He has more than 17 years of teaching and research experience and has published more than 135 research papers in international and national journals. Recently, he published an edited book as lead editor from CRC press titled Diversity and Dynamics in Forest Ecosystem. Dr. Kumar is presently working as a guest editor for two different issues of the Land Journal of MDPI and guest editor for Frontier of Environmental Sciences and Frontiers in Forests and Global Change. He is also an Associate Editor for PLOS-Climate Journal. He earned his MSc and PhD degrees in Forestry at H.N.B. Garhwal University.

    Gopal Shukla, PhD, is currently working as Assistant Professor of Forestry in Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari, Cooch Behar, West Bengal, India. He has more than ten years of teaching and research experience. He has worked on different projects, including the National Agricultural Innovation Project (ICAR); National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (ICAR); and a young scientist project on carbon stock of different land uses (Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science and Technology, Government of India). He continues his work on research projects on forest ecology, medicinal plants, and agroforestry. He has published his research and development work focusing on agroforestry, medicinal plants, forest ecology, and conservation in national and international publications, including more than 70 research papers, over 20 book chapters, and eight books. He has trained many master‘s and doctoral students in the field of forestry. Dr. Shukla has attended more than 30 national and international conferences. He holds master‘s and doctoral degrees in Forestry.

    “Compiles all the important and necessary contents for sustainable development and conservation of forest and agricultural land resources. This book highlights the importance of agricultural landscape management through agroforestry for biodiversity conservation and nutritional security, as well as features of climate-resilient farming methods for improved livelihoods . . . This [book] with updated and latest information will be of great assistance to the targeted readers, particularly students, scholars, academicians, and policymakers.
    —From the Foreword by S. K. Chakrabarti, PhD, Vice Chancellor, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya, Cooch Behar, West Bengal, India