Synthetics, Mineral Oils, and Bio-Based Lubricants: Chemistry and Technology, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Synthetics, Mineral Oils, and Bio-Based Lubricants

Chemistry and Technology, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

Edited by Leslie R. Rudnick

CRC Press

1,008 pages | 445 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2013-02-04
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Highlighting the major economic and industrial changes in the lubrication industry since the first edition, Synthetics, Mineral Oils, and Bio-Based Lubricants, Second Edition outlines the state of the art in each major lubricant application area. Chapters cover trends in the major industries, such as the use of lubricant fluids, growth or decline of market areas and applications, potential new applications, production capacities, and regulatory issues, including biodegradability, toxicity, and food production equipment lubrication.

In a single, unique volume, Synthetics, Mineral Oils, and Bio-Based Lubricants, Second Edition offers property and performance information of fluids, theoretical and practical background to their current applications, and strong indicators for global market trends that will influence the industry for years to come.

Table of Contents



Leslie R. Rudnick


Francesca Navarrini, Massimo Ciali, and Roscoe Cooley


Stephen Boyde and Steven James Randles

Neutral Phosphate Esters

W. David Phillips, Douglas C. Placek, and Michael P. Marino

Polymer Esters

Uwe Wallfahrer

Polyalkylene Glycols

Martin R. Greaves

Alkylated Aromatics

Margaret M. Wu and Suzzy C. Ho

Polyphenyl Ether Lubricants

Sibtain Hamid and Stephen A. Burian


Sibtain Hamid


H. Carl Walther, Gregory A. Bell, and Jon L. Howell


Ronald M. Epstein and Louis L. Ferstandig


Robert Perry, Clay Quinn, Frank Traver, and Kedar Murthy


Carl E. Snyder and F. Alexander Pettigrew


Robert E. Singler and Frank J. Gomba

Dialkyl Carbonates

Leslie R. Rudnick and Carlo Zecchini


Clifford G. Venier


Maryann Casserino and Johan Corthouts

Chemically Modified Mineral Oils

H. Ernest Henderson

Gas to Liquids

H. Ernest Henderson

Comparison of Synthetic, Mineral Oil, and Bio-Based Lubricant Fluids

Leslie R. Rudnick and Wilfried J. Bartz

Re-Refined Base Oils

H. Ernest Henderson

Bio-Based Lubricants

Natural Oils as Lubricants

Joseph M. Perez, Leslie R. Rudnick, and Sevim Z. Erhan

Modified Vegetable Oils for Environmentally Friendly Lubricant Applications

Brajendra K. Sharma and Sevim Z. Erhan

Biotechnological Improvement of Soybean Oil for Lubricant Applications

Peng Wang, Xiangjun Li, and Edgar B. Cahoon


Automotive Crankcase Oils

Stephen C. Lakes

Crankcase Lubricants

Ewa A. Bardasz

Transmissions and Transmission Fluids

Scott Halley and Richard Vickerman

Automotive Gear Lubricants

Stephen C. Lakes

Industrial Gear Lubricants

Dennis A. Lauer

Synthetic Greases

Joseph F. Braza

Compressors and Pumps

Glenn D. Short

Refrigeration Lubricants

Steven James Randles


Ramesh Iyer, Thomas Schimmel, and Douglas C. Placek

Environmentally Friendly Hydraulic Fluids

Saurabh Lawate

Magnetizable Fluids

Tom Black, J. David Carlson, and Daniel E. Barber

Vegetable Oil Based Internal Combustion Engine Oil

Blaine N. Rhodes

Fire Resistance and Fire-Resistant Hydraulic Fluids

W. David Phillips

Metalworking Fluids

William L. Brown and Richard G. Butler

Lubricants for Near Dry Machining

Robert Silverstein

Lubricants for the Disk Drive Industry

Thomas E. Karis

Food-Grade Lubricants

Sarah C. Krol, Brad Lampe, Clifton J. McLellan, and Leslie R. Rudnick

Critical Cleaning of Advanced Lubricants from Surfaces

Ronald L. Shubkin, Barbara F. Kanegsberg, and Ed Kanegsberg

Sintered Metal Bearings and Fluids for Their Lubrication

Jim Aielo, Norb Arnold, and Leslie R. Rudnick

Natural Gas Engine Oils

H. Ernest Henderson and Tony LeBarge

Natural and Process Compressors

Glenn D. Short


Automotive Trends in Europe

R. David Whitby

Diesel Automotive Trends

Ewa A. Bardasz

Automotive Trends in Asia

R. David Whitby

Automotive Trends in South America

R. David Whitby

Automotive Engine Oil Trends in North America

Simon C. Tung, Michael L. McMillan, and Shirley E. Schwartz

Trends toward Synthetic Fluids and Lubricants in Aerospace

Carl E. Snyder and Lois J. Gschwender

Commercial Developments

R. David Whitby

Lubricant Performance Test Methods and Some Product Specifications

Leslie R. Rudnick

Lubricant Industry–Related Terms and Acronyms

Leslie R. Rudnick

Internet Resources for the Additive/Lubricant Industry

Leslie R. Rudnick

Appendix A: Grease Compatibility Chart

Appendix B: Color Scale Comparison Chart

Appendix C: ISO Viscosity Ranges

Appendix D: The Meaning of "Synthetic"

About the Editor

Leslie R. Rudnick is president of Designed Materials Group. He previously served as the technical director at Ultrachem Inc., was a senior scientist at The Pennsylvania State University Energy Institute, and worked for several Fortune 500 companies. An STLE fellow and ACS member, he serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Synthetic Lubrication and is the co/author and co/editor of over 100 journal articles, book chapters, and books. He holds 29 US patents as well as a BS from the University of Iowa and an MS and Ph.D from Rutgers University.

About the Series

Chemical Industries

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical