3rd Edition

Teaching Music in American Society
A Social and Cultural Understanding of Teaching Music

ISBN 9781138495746
Published November 26, 2018 by Routledge
186 Pages

USD $57.95

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Book Description

Teaching Music in American Society, Third Edition, provides a comprehensive overview of social and cultural themes directly related to music education, teacher training, and successful teacher characteristics. Music teachers need to be not only knowledgeable in conducting and performing but also socially and culturally aware of students, issues, and events that affect their classrooms. This book is designed for educators seeking K-12 music teacher certification to teach in American schools. At the conclusion of each chapter is a summary of the chapter and a list of key items and people discussed, plus a series of related questions for students to consider.

Current topics in the third edition include:

• an emphasis on social justice, sensitivity to transgender students, and bullying,

• the influences of social media,

• a focus on urban music education, and

• a new chapter on diverse learning.

Further, recent policy issues are addressed in this new edition:

• the evolution of the No Child Left Behind Act into the Every Student Succeeds Act,

• the increasing emphasis on charter schools, the privatization of public school,

• changes in how schools are assessed, and

• changes occurring within the teaching profession—and how all of these affect developments in music education.

A major structural change is the chapter on equality of education has been split into two chapters, providing a stronger focus on both educational equality and diverse inclusive learning.

Table of Contents



About the Author

Chapter One: A Sociological Perspective

A Rationale for Sociological Understanding

Sociology and Education

Sociology and Music Education

Sociological Basics



Multicultural Education

Enculturation and Socialization

Enculturation and Schools


Key Items

Questions for Consideration

Web Resources


Chapter Two: Theoretical Foundations

Fundamental Sociological Theories

Functionalist Theory

Conflict Theory

Interaction Theory


Sociological Theories and Music Education


Key Items

Questions for Consideration

Web Resources


Chapter Three: The Purposes of Education

Public Perceptions, Public Agendas

Defining "Education"

The General Purposes of Education in the United States

Political Purposes of Education

Social Purposes of Education

Economic Purposes of Education

Music Education’s Role in the Purposes of Education

Challenges to Music’s Contributions

Education and Schooling Instructional Concept Models

Music Education’s Relation to Schooling and Education

High Stakes Testing and the Changing Role of Education


Key Items

Questions for Consideration

Web Resources

Chapter Four: Music Education’s Role in Society

A Brief Overview of the Foundations between Music and American Society

Historical Foundations

Music’s Role in Contemporary Society

What is Music?

Why Do We Need Music?

Music Education’s Role in Society

Re-Defining a Music Education Experience


Key Items

Questions for Consideration

Web Resources


Chapter Five: Equality of Education

An Overview of Educational Models of Equality

Issues Influencing Educational Equality

Achievement Gap

Influences on Educational Inequalities

Family Influences


Race & Ethnicity

Inequality Among Schools

Common School and Sorting Machine Models

Teacher Influence on the Equality of Opportunity

School Choice

Equality of Opportunity in Music Education
Family Influences


Race & Ethnicity

Teacher Influence

Music Education Among Different Types of Schools


Key Items

Questions for Consideration

Web Resources


Chapter Six: Diverse Learning and Inclusive Music Education

Inclusive Classrooms

Principles of Inclusion

Social Justice

LQBTQ Issues

Legislative Policies

Students with Disabilities

English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL)

Gifted & Talented Students

Students with Disabilities in the Music Classroom

What Teachers Can Do


Key Items

Questions for Consideration

Web Resources

Chapter Seven: Social Components of Music Learning

Principle Learning Theories

Basic Learning Theory Groups

Jean Piaget: Theory of Cognitive Development

Lev Vygotsky: Sociocultural Theory of Learning

Jerome Bruner: Spiral Curriculum

Benjamin Bloom: Taxonomy of Learning

Erik Erikson: Psychosocial Theory of Development

Howard Gardner: Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Intelligence and Musical Ability, Preference and Taste


Key Items

Questions for Consideration

Web Resources

Chapter Eight: Social Characteristics of Effective Teachers

Student Characteristics

Motivating Students to Learn

Characteristics of Effective Music Teachers

Developing Effective Teacher Characteristics

Classroom Characteristics

Classroom Environments

Classroom Organization and Management


Key Items

Questions for Consideration

Web Resources


Chapter Nine: The Teaching Profession

Teaching and Society

The Teaching Profession

Challenges to the Teaching Profession

Teacher Certification

Issues All Teachers Should Know

Teacher Accountability

Teacher Salaries

Working Conditions

School Violence

Social Media

Common Legal Issues

The Rewards of Teaching


Key Items

Questions for Consideration

Web Resources




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Steven N. Kelly is Professor of Music Education in the College of Music at The Florida State University.

Support Material

Companion Website

Please visit our companion website for additional support materials.