Techniques in High Pressure Neutron Scattering: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Techniques in High Pressure Neutron Scattering

1st Edition

By Stefan Klotz

CRC Press

276 pages | 121 B/W Illus.

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Description

Drawing on the author’s practical work from the last 20 years, Techniques in High Pressure Neutron Scattering is one of the first books to gather recent methods that allow neutron scattering well beyond 10 GPa. The author shows how neutron scattering has to be adapted to the pressure range and type of measurement.

Suitable for both newcomers and experienced high pressure scientists and engineers, the book describes various solutions spanning two to three orders of magnitude in pressure that have emerged in the past three decades. Many engineering concepts are illustrated through examples of real high pressure devices that have demonstrated their capacity and have produced scientific results.

After introducing basic engineering concepts related to the elastic and plastic behavior of cylindrical pressure devices, the text emphasizes mechanical and neutronic properties of construction materials. Subsequent chapters describe numerous high pressure techniques, including liquid/gas, clamp, and McWhan cells. The book also focuses on Paris-Edinburgh devices, high pressure metrology, and scientific applications.

Reviews

I was delighted when I learnt that Stefan Klotz was writing this book. He has an exceptional depth of knowledge and experience of high-pressure techniques, particularly as applied to neutron scattering, and it is to be greatly welcomed that he has drawn this all together and made it available. … After his 20 years at the centre of this field, there can be no one better placed to provide an authoritative and comprehensive account of state-of-the-art techniques for high-pressure neutron scattering, including all the major contemporary experimental techniques. Those who have benefited from his direct advice and assistance will know the high-level practical and intuitive skills he brings to bear on solving technical problems and advancing innovation. Throughout the book, he has included a large amount of the wealth of practical experience, working recipes and ‘rules of thumb’ that he has accumulated, working on his own research and with collaborators, but which has never before been gathered together and published in this accessible way.

—From the Foreword by Richard Nelmes, University of Edinburgh

Table of Contents

Basic Concepts

Basic elements of material strength

The cylindrical pressure vessel

Construction Materials I: Nonferrous Alloys

Copper beryllium

Titanium-zirconium (TiZr)

High tensile titanium alloys

High tensile aluminium alloys

Construction Materials II: Steels and Super-Alloys

General

The iron-carbon phase diagram

Other alloy elements

Designation (naming) of steels

High tensile steels

Stainless steels

Superalloys

Hydrogen compatibility

Construction Materials III: Sinter Materials

Tungsten carbide (TC)

Sintered cubic boron nitride (cBN)

Sintered diamond (SD)

Perspective: Nano-polycrystalline diamond (NPD)

Ceramics

Liquid/Gas and Clamp Pressure Cells

Liquid/gas pressure cells

Clamp cells

McWhan-Type Cells

General

Conclusion

Sapphire, Moissanite and Diamond Anvil Cells

Sapphire cells

Moissanite anvil cells (MACs)

Diamond anvil cells (DACs)

Special Designs

SANS high pressure cells

Single-crystal sapphire gas cells

Uniaxial Pressure Cells

General

Clamp devices

Remotely operated devices

Paris-Edinburgh Cells I

General

Load-frames

Anvils and gaskets

General remarks and observations

Paris-Edinburgh Cells II: Low and High Temperatures

General

Low temperatures

High temperatures

Paris-Edinburgh Cells III: Ancillary Equipment

Oil and gas compressors

Loading clamps

High pressure gas loading

Anvil rotor

Pressure Determination and Pressure Transmitting Media

Equations-of-state (EoS)

Pressure markers

Useful empirical rules

Pressure transmitting media (PTM)

General comments and recommendations

Applications

General

Diffraction

Inelastic scattering

Small angle neutron scattering (SANS)

Quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS)

Appendices

Bibliography

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI077000
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics
SCI078000
SCIENCE / Spectroscopy & Spectrum Analysis
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science