The world’s population is now estimated at over 5 billion, and projections call for a continued high growth rate, predominantly in the less-developed countries. Concern over the consequences of this situation has led to numerous public policy debates, and the complex interrelationships between population and technology have become an important new topic in demographic research. The papers in this book are based on a symposium entitled â€œTechnological Prospects and Population Trendsâ€ arranged for the 150th National Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in New York City in May 1984. The book focuses on clarification of the impact that technological development and population change have on one another. For instance, how may population and related socioeconomic trends be conditioned by expected or foreseeable technological changes? What is the impact of population on technology in both the developed and newly industrializing areas of the world? Linking demography with developments in the major areas of agriculture, education, contraception, longevity, and health care, the distinguished contributors offer diverse yet integrated perspectives on what is fast becoming one of the major issues of our time.
Preface -- An Overview -- Population Growth and Agricultural Productivity -- Education, Population Trends, and Technological Change -- Agrarian and Industrial Futures: Comments on the Preceding Chapters -- Contraceptives for the Twenty-First Century -- Prospects and Implications of Extending Life Expectancy -- The Population Implications of Breakthroughs in Biomedical Technologies for Controlling Mortality and Fertility -- Conclusions