Technology, Industry and Trade : The Levant versus Europe, 1250–1500 book cover
1st Edition

Technology, Industry and Trade
The Levant versus Europe, 1250–1500



ISBN 9780860783237
Published April 28, 1992 by Routledge
350 Pages

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Book Description

This is the fifth collection of articles by Eliyahu Ashtor to be published by Variorum and focuses on the fundamental question of why, during the later Middle Ages, technology and industry declined, even collapsed, in the Muslim Levant, while simultaneously making enormous progress in the Christian West. An indefatigable researcher in archives all over the Mediterranean, Ashtor amassed quantities of data on this subject, and began to propose causal links between, on the one hand, demographic trends, types of political regime, economic policies and attitudes towards innovation, and on the other, the progress or decline of technology and industry. Although his work was cut short by his death in 1984, the information that Ashtor has made available, for instance on the sugar and the alkali industries, and the questions and hypotheses he has suggested will provide a vital basis for continuing research. The final article, dealing more specifically with the history of commerce, represents in effect a summation of the author's views on the role of the Jews in the trade of the Mediterranean. La cinquième collection d’articles d’Eliyahu Ashtor à être publiée par Variorum (pour les deux volumes encore disponibles, voir p.00) se concentre sur la raison fondamentale pour laquelle, durant le Bas Moyen Age, la technologie et l’industrie dans le Levant musulman étaient en déclin, voire même en plein effondrement, alors qu’elles faisaient simultanément d’énormes progrès dans l’Ouest chrétien. Cherchiste infatiguable des archives méditerranéennes, Ashtor a amassé quantité d’informations à ce sujet et a commencé à suggérer l’existence de lien de cause entre: d’une part, les tendances démongraphiques, les types de régimes politiques, la politique économique et les attitudes vis-à-vis du changement et, d’autre part, le progrès ou le déclin de la technologie et de l’industrie. Bien que son travail ait été interrompu par sa mort en 1984,

Table of Contents

Contents: Preface; Le Proche-Orient au Bas Moyen Age: une région sous-développée; The economic decline of the Middle East during the Later Middle Ages - an outline; Levantine sugar industry in the Later Middle Ages - an example of technological decline; L’ascendant technologique de l’Occident médiéval; Aspetti della espansione italiana nel Basso Medioevo; L’apogée du commerce vénitien au Levant: un nouvel essai d’explication; Levantine alkali ashes and European industries; The factors of technological and industrial progress in the Later Middle Ages; The Jews in the Mediterranean trade in the later Middle Ages; Index.

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