This new collection covers a wide variety of research on the ecological aspects of crops growing under stress conditions due to atmospheric changes and pollution and the impact on both plant and human health. The book provides research that will help to find ways to overcome adverse abiotic environmental factors and unfavorable anthropogenic pressures on crop plants, which also eventually impact human health.
Divided into six parts, leading authors from many institutes provide and share new knowledge gained from studies on ecological and genetic controls of plant resistance to various adverse environmental factors. Geneticists and breeders are creating new cultivars and hybrids of crops, which greatly expand the range of source material. The book includes a range of material on the biology, genetics, and breeding of crops, taking into account ecological and climatic conditions, with emphasis on the impact to humans. The main agricultural crops are studied: cereals, fodder crops, and horticultural plants. The chapters include the interaction of plant–soil–environment, ways of using plants as anticancer drugs, and other important problems and trends in agricultural and nature management.
The role of different genetic and agronomical approaches to improving plant productivity and seasonal and profile dynamics of elements of soil acidity are considered. With the increasing demand and consumption of vegetables and fruits (by themselves or as additions to other foods), new agricultural methods are needed to overcome the deficit, and these new methods pose new concerns.
The book includes:
- Plant breeding under adverse conditions of acid soils
- New studies in horticultural crop science
- Ecological peculiarities of particular regions and cytogenetic anomalies of the local human population
- Phenogenetic studies of cultivated plants and biological properties of the seeds
- Anthropogenic pressure on environmental and plant diversity
- Methods of evaluation of the quantitative and qualitative characters of selection samples
The research found here will be valuable to agricultural engineers and others and is applicable at both regional and international levels.
Table of Contents
PART I. PLANT BREEDING UNDER ADVERSE CONDITIONS OF ACID SOILS
Breeding of Grain Crops in Extreme Climatic Conditions; Galina A. Batalova, Irina N. Shchennikova, and Eugene M. Lisitsyn
Genetics of Quantitative Traits of Productivity and Qualities of Grain of Oat; Avena Sativa L., Galina A. Batalova, and Eugene M. Lisitsyn
Role of Somaclonal Variation in Cereal Breeding for Aluminum Resistance; Eugene M. Lisitsyn and Lyudmila N. Shikhova
Ecological Stability of Spring Barley Varieties; Irina N. Shchennikova and Eugene M. Lisitsyn
Barley Genotypes (Hordeum vulgare L.) Created by the Method of Cell Selection; Olga N. Shupletsova, Irina N. Shchennikova, and Tatyana K. Sheshegova
Basic Elements of Mineral Nutrition at Plants of Grain Crops under Conditions of Oxygen Stress; Lyudmila N. Shihova, Eugene M. Lisitsyn, and Galina A. Batalova
Edaphic Stress as the Modifier of Correlation of Yield Structure’s Elements in Cereal Crops; Eugene M. Lisitsyn and Lyudmila N. Shikhova
PART II. HORTICULTURAL CROP SCIENCE
Biological Features of the New Pear Cultivars (Pyrus communis L.); Mykola Ol. Bublyk, Oksana Iv. Mykychuk, Liudmyla A. Fryzyuk, Liudmyla M. Levchyk, and Galyna A. Chorna
Amino Acid Composition of Strawberries (Fragaria ×ananassa Duch.); Irina L. Zamorska
The Viral Diseases of the Corilus Spp. Вiotechnology of Production of Improvement Plant Material; Galina A. Tarasenko, Ivan Sem. Kosenko, Olga A. Boyko, and Anatoly Iv. Opalko
Phylogenetic Connections Between Representatives of the Genus Amelanchier Medik; Anatoly Iv. Opalko, Olena D. Andrienko, and Olga А. Opalko
PART III. ECOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF THE FOOTHILLS OF THE NORTHEN CAUCASUS: CYTOGENETIC ANOMALIES OF THE LOCAL HUMAN POPULATION
Sources of Fresh and Mineral Water in North Ossetia—Alania; Margarita E. Dzodzikova
Introduction of Clover Species (Trifolium L.) in the North Caucasus; Sarra A. Bekuzarova, Lidia B. Sokolova, and Irina T. Samova
Detoxification of Soils Contaminated with Heavy Metals; Galina P. Khubaeva, Sarra A. Bekuzarova, and Kurman E. Sokaev
Genetic Health of the Human Population as a Reflection of the Environment: Cytogenetic Analysis; Lidia V. Chopikashvili, Tatiana I. Tsidaeva, Sergey V. Skupnevsky, Elena G. Puкhaeva, Larisa A. Bobyleva, and Fatima K. Rurua
PART IV. PHENOGENETIC STUDIES OF CULTIVATED PLANTS AND BIOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF THE SEEDS
Ecological and Biological Study of Collection of the Genus Hordeum L.; Nina A. Bome, Nikolay V. Tetyannikov, Alexander Ya. Bome, and Olga N. Kovalyova
Reaction of Collection Samples of Barley (Hordeum L.) and Oats (Avena L.) on Chloride Salinization; Nina A. Bome and Alexander Ya. Bome
Resistance to Impact of Environment Factors of Hybrid Forms Soft Spring Wheat ( Triticum aestivum L.); Elena I. Ripberger and Nina A. Bome
Comparative Trials of Variety Samples of Eastern Galega (Galega orientalis Lam.); Vera I. Bushuyeva, Marina N. Avramenko, and Catherine S. Andronovich
PART V. ANTHROPOGENIC PRESSURE ON ENVIRONMENTAL AND PLANT DIVERSITY
Plant Response to Oil Contamination in Simulated Conditions; Nina A. Bome and Reval A. Nazyrov
Influence of Anthropogenic Pressure on Environmental Characteristics of Meadow Habitats in the Forest and Forest-Steppe Zones; Anna А. Kuzemko
Dynamics of the Floristic Diversity of Meadows as a Stability Factor of Herbaceous Ecosystems; Rafail A. Afanas'ev
Botanico-Geographical Zoning of the Upper Dnieper Basin on the Base of the J. Braun-Blanquet Vegetation Classification Approach; Yury A. Semenishchenkov
PART VI: METHODS OF EVALUATION OF THE QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE CHARACTERS OF SELECTION SAMPLES
Sustainability of Agrocenoses in the Use of Fertilizers on the Basis of Sewage Sludge; Genrietta Ye. Merzlaya and Michail O. Smirnov
Transformation of Mobile Phosphorus in the Soils of Agroecosystems During Prolonged Trials; Rafail A. Afanas’ev and Genrietta Ye. Merzlaya
Accounting Within-Field Variability of Soil Fertility to Optimize Differentiated Fertilizer Application; Rafail A. Afanas'ev
Gas Discharge Visualization of Selection Samples of Trifolium Pretense; Victoria А. Belyayeva
Application Galega orientalis Lam. for Solving Problems of Reduction the Cost of Forage; Igor Y. Kuznetsov
The Effect on the Incidence and the Development of Malignant Tumors; Valery N. Erokhin, Tamara A. Misharina, Elena B. Burlakova, and Anna V. Krementsova
Sarra A. Bekuzarova, DSc in agriculture, is head of the Laboratory at Plant Breeding of Fodder Crops at the North Caucasus of Institute of Mountain and Foothill Agriculture of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. She is also a professor at Gorsky State University of Agriculture, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia, as well as a professor at L. N. Kosta Khetagurov North-Ossetia State University, Vladikavkaz, Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Russia.
She is also a prolific author, researcher, and lecturer, and has received the Medal of Popova. She is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences as well as a member of the International Academy of Authors of Scientific Discoveries and Inventions, the International Academy of Sciences and Ecology, All-Russian Academy of Non-traditional and Rare Plants, and the International Academy of Agrarian Education, among others. She is a member of the editorial boards of several scientific journals and co-edited the books Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breeding and Biotic Diversity, and Biological Systems, Biodiversity, and Stability of Plant Communities.
Nina Anatolievna Bome, DSc in agriculture, is professor and head of the Department of Botany, Biotechnology and Landscape Architecture at the Institute of Biology at the Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia. She is the author of monographs, articles, schoolbooks, and patents, and she is a lecturer. She is the director and founder of the Scientific School for Young Specialists. She is the author of about 300 publications. She participates in long-term Russian and international programs. Her main field of interest concerns basic problems of adaptive potential of cultivated crops, mutagenesis, possibility of conservation, enhancing biodiversity of plants, methods of evaluation of plants’ resistance to the phytopatogens and other unfavorable environmental factors, and genetic resources of cultivated plants in the extreme conditions of the Western Siberia. She is a co-editor of the books Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breeding and Biotic Diversity and Biological Systems, Biodiversity, and Stability of Plant Communities (Apple Academic Press).
Anatoly Iv. Opalko, DSc, is a professor and head of the Physiology, Genetics, Plant Breeding and Biotechnology Division at the National Dendrological Park "Sofiyivka" of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Uman, Cherkassy region, Ukraine, and a professor and Genetics, Plant Breeding and Biotechnology Сhair in Uman National University of Horticulture, Uman, Ukraine. He is also the head of the Cherkassy Regional Branch of the Vavilov Society of Geneticists and Breeders of Ukraine. He is also a prolific author, researcher, and lecturer. He has received several awards for his work, including the badge of honor for "Excellence in Agricultural Education" and the badge of honor of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine for professional achievement. He is member of many professional organizations and on the editorial boards of the Ukrainian biological and agricultural science journals. In 2013 he was a co-editor of the books Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breeding and Biotic Diversity and Biological Systems, Biodiversity, and Stability of Plant Communities (Apple Academic Press).
Larissa I. Weisfeld, PhD, is a senior researcher at the N. M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow, Russia, and a member of the N. I. Vavilov Society of Geneticists and Breeders. She is the author of about 300 publications in scientific journals, patents, and conference proceedings, as well as the co-author of a work on three new cultivars of winter wheat. Her research interests concern the basic problems of chemical mutagenesis, cytogenetic, and the other ecological problems. She has worked as a scientific editor at the publishing house Nauka (Moscow) and of the journals Genetics and Ontogenesis. In 2013 she was a co-editor of the books Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breeding and Biotic Diversity and Biological Systems, Biodiversity, and Stability of Plant Communities (Apple Academic Press).