1st Edition

Test-Tube Women What Future for Motherhood?

Edited By Rita Arditti, Renate Duelli Klein, Shelley Minden Copyright 1984
    508 Pages
    by Routledge

    Originally published in 1984, when new reproductive technologies were just beginning to become part of the public discussion, this edition was published with a new preface in 1989. The Editors wanted to look carefully at how much real choice reproductive technologies offered to women. Genetic engineering, sperm banks, test tube fertilization, sex selection, surrogate mothering, experimentation in the so called ‘third world’, increased technological intervention in childbirth – were we taking pregnancy and the birth process out of the dark ages or into a terrifying ‘brave new world’?

    They ask who controls it? Who benefits? The technological machine grinds on, in headline-grabbing leaps or in quiet developments in research laboratories: but what are the implications for women worldwide? Still a huge industry today, this reissue can be read in its historical context.

    Acknowledgments.  Preface to the 1989 Edition.  Introduction.  In the Beginning. A Yenga Tale BarbaraNeely  What Future for Motherhood?  The Meanings of Choice in Reproductive Technology Barbara Katz Rothman  Test-Tube Women  Egg Snatchers Genoveffa Corea.  Test-Tube Babies and Clinics: Where Are They? Who Owns the Embryo Rebecca Albury.  Egg Farming and Women’s Future Julie Murphy.  From Mice to Men? Implications of Progress in Cloning Research Jane Murphy.  Designer Genes: A View from the Factory Shelley Minden.  Inside the Surrogate Industry Susan Ince.  To Have or Not to Have a Child  An Interview with Mirtha Quintanales, from the Third World Women’s Archives Rita Arditti and Shelley Minden.  Teenage Oppression and Reproductive Rights Eleanor Trawick.  Refusing to Take Women Seriously: ‘Side-Effects’ and the Politics of Contraception Scarlet Pollock.  Women as Targets in India’s Family Planning Policy Vimal Balasubrahmanyan.  Calling the Shots? The International Politics of Depo-Provera Phillida Bunkle.  Subtle Forms of Sterilization Abuse: A Reproductive Rights Analysis Adele Clarke.  Abortion, a Women’s Matter: An Explanation of Who Controls Abortion and How and Why They Do It K. Kaufman.  If You Would be the Mother of a Son  Technology and Prenatal Femicide Betty B. Hoskins and Helen Bequaert Holmes.  If You Would be the Mother of a Son Kukkum Sangari.  Abortion of a Special Kind: Male Sex Selection in India Viola Roggencamp  A Long Overdue Feminist Issue: Disability and Motherhood  Claiming All of Our Bodies: Reproductive Rights and Disabilities Anne Finger.  Born and Unborn: The Implications of Reproductive Technologies for People with Disabilities Marsha Saxton.  XYLO: A True Story Rayna Rapp  The Motherhood Market  Personal Courage is Not Enough: Some Hazards of Childbearing in the 1980s Ruth Hubbard.  Reproductive Technologies: The Final Solution to the Woman Question? Robyn Rowland  Women Taking Control: A Womb of One’s Own  Children by Donor Insemination: A New Choice for Lesbians Francie Hornstein.  Doing it Ourselves: Self Insemination Renate Duelli Klein.  Equal Opportunity for Babies? Not in Oakland! Coalition to Fight Infant Mortality.  Who is Going to Rock the Petri Dish? For Feminists Who Have Considered Parthenogenesis When the Movement is Not Enough Nancy Breeze.  Taking the Initiative: Information versus Technology in Pregnancy Maureen Ritchie.  Regaining Trust Ruth Holland and Jill McKenna.  Through the Speculum Carol Downer.  Feminist Ethics, Ecology and Vision Janice Raymond.  A Womb of One’s Own Jalna Hanmer.  The Courage of Sisters Cris Newport.  Glossary.  Resources.  Further Reading.  Notes on Contributors.  Index.


    Rita Arditti

    Dr Renate Klein is a Swiss-Australian biologist and social scientist who has been a feminist women’s health activist since the early 1980s. She was Associate Professor of Women’s Studies at Deakin University, Melbourne until 2006. She is the (co) editor/(co) author of 19 books, among them Theories of Women’s StudiesTest-Tube WomenInfertilityRadically Speaking and Surrogacy: A Human Rights Violation. Since 1991, she is also Director and Publisher at Spinifex Press.

    Shelley Minden became concerned about the impact of reproductive technologies on women's lives while working in medical genetics laboratories in the 1970s. She has a master of science degree in biology and lives in Seattle, Washington.

    Review from original edition:

    “Should be read from cover to cover by Winston and Peel, Steptoe and Edwards, and all concerned professionally, politically or personally with the processes of procreation.” – Bernard Dixon in New Society