Textiles and Environment: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Textiles and Environment

1st Edition

Edited by N. N. Mahapatra

WPI Publishing

207 pages | 12 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9789380308562
pub: 2015-03-14
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Description

Textiles and Environment has been written in accordance to the author's personal experience while he was working in big corporate companies as general manager of a dye house. Dyed yarn and fabrics were exported to various countries. Mainly the European buyers used to ask for various new certifications by which the production people were confused. The author has put all the doubts into this book which is handy for dyeing technicians. He introduces new eco-friendly processes and technology in a simplified manner.

Table of Contents

Preface

Role of chemical management services in industries

Introduction to chemical management

Chemical management services (CMS)

Eco-processing of textiles

Eco-processing

Eco-bleaching

Eco-dyeing

Eco-finishing

Eco-printing

Ecological dyeing process

Introduction

CO2 dyeing

Polyester CO2 dyeing machine

CO2 dyes

New concepts in eco-friendly processing

Introduction

Researches for organic processing

Introduction to eco-friendly processes

Serving resources in textiles

Dow Corning and denim processing

 

Environmental impact solutions

Introduction

Protect your data and your planet

A commitment to the environment

The world of eco-fibres

Introduction

Characteristics of eco-fibres

Classification of eco-fibres

Natural origin eco-fibre

Hemp bio-commodities

Regenerated fibres

Recycled synthetic fibres

Recycled polyester

Recycled nylon

Fibres from waste products

Blends

Drawbacks of using eco-fibre products

Verification

Comparison of fibres

Hazardous substances in clothing and other textiles

Introduction

Alkylphenols

Phthalates

Brominated and chlorinated flame retardants

Azo dyes

Organotin compounds

Perfluorinated chemicals

Chlorobenzenes

Chlorinated solvents

Chlorophenols

Short-chain chlorinated paraffins

Heavy metals: cadmium, lead, mercury and chromium (VI)

Herbal dyeing process

Introduction

Facts of chemical processing

Desizing

Bleaching

Mordanting

Dyeing

Finishing

Recycling plant

Major differences between various dyes

Major herbal dyes available

Carbon footprint in textile industry

Introduction

Greenhouse gases and global warming

Global warming and the textile industry

Primary and secondary footprint

Carbon footprint and the textile industry

Strategies for reducing carbon footprint

Revolutionary dyeing technologies

Indian textile industry oblivious

New technologies and in textile dyeing and finishing

Introduction

Requirements

Electrochemical process technology

Supercritical fluid dyeing technology

Plasma treatment technology

AirDye technology

Dyeing technologies for the future

Introduction

Options to overcome the environmental problems in the future

AirDye technology

Conclusion

Importance of blue sign in textile industry

Introduction

Blue is for clean

First products in the marketplace

The principles of bluesign

Three steps to achieving bluesign standard

What’s blue and what’s black

Ecology and high-tech go hand-in-hand

Science – A better tailor than nature

Processing of recycled polyester fiber in textile industries

Introduction

Manufacturing process

Properties of recycled polyester fiber

Uses

Waterless dyeing process

Introduction

Supercritical fluid CO2 / supercritical fluid dyeing technology

Dyeing polyester and other synthetics

Reductions in operating costs

Availability

Role of green technologies in industries

Introduction

Goals of green technology

Types of green technology

The future of chemistry

Salt-free reactive dyeing of cotton

Introduction

Modification of cotton fiber

Electro-coagulation process for the waste water treatment

Introduction

What is chemical coagulation?

What is electro-coagulation?

ETP operating for 1000 m3 per day (electro-coagulation plant)

ETP operating for 1000 m3 per day (physical chemical plant)

Comparison of chemical coagulation and electro-coagulation

AirDye technology

Introduction

How is AirDye different?

Take a very close look

Advantages of AirDye technology

Conclusion

World of recycled fibres

Recycling processes

Special processes

Recycling facts

Benefits of textile and clothing recycling

Recycled polyester

Recycled nylon/polyamide

Recycled cotton

Recycled wool

Application of green chemistry in industries

Introduction to green chemistry

Developments in green chemistry

Applications of green chemistry

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of textiles

Introduction

LCA calculator

Life Cycle Assessment of cotton fibre

LCA: A decision-making tool for recycling processes in textile industry

Life cycle of a T-shirt

The life cycle of making a T-shirt

What is ZDHC (Zero Discharge Hazardous Chemicals)?

Introduction

Main successes of ZDHC Group

Main challenges to the ZDHC Group

Working with Greenpeace

The Joint Roadmap

Benefits to participation

Governance policies and procedures of the zero discharge programme

Greenpeace slams latest ZDHC Roadmap

ZDHC identifies key transparency tool

ZDHC Group reports latest progress

H&M commitment towards ZDHC

Actions taken so far

PUMA Roadmap towards zero discharge of hazardous chemicals

What is Higg Index?

Introduction

Vision

Mission

Current focus

Where we are: the Higg Index 1.0

A new yardstick

Scope

The Higg Index

Higg Scoring

Who’s on Board?

Where we’re headed?

How does the Higg Index work?

All about Mark and Spencer Plan A

Introduction

Giving back: a charity partnership between M&S and Oxfam

Next phase of Plan A

Greenpeace and its toxic campaigns

Introduction

Detox campaign

LV, Versace, Dolce&Gabbana fail in Greenpeace’s toxic chemicals test

Gap pledges to eliminate toxic chemicals, but Greenpeace isn’t happy

Heros or zeros?

Different strokes

H&M pledges to eliminate toxic chemicals from supply chain by 2020

Detoxing H&M

25.9 Greenpeace targets Zara in global Detox campaign

Restricted substances lists (RSLs)

Introduction

Methodology

Amines

APEO and NPEO

Benzotriazole (MBT)

Chloro-organic carriers

Chrome VI

Flame retardants

Sustainable fibres

Cotton

HEMP

Bamboo

Soya

Eucalyptus Tencel

Recycled PET

Wool

Importance of Compliances for brands and retailers

Toxic avengers

Greenpeace study

The importance of SIN (Substitute It Now!) List

Introduction

Substitute It Now!

What is the SIN List vs. the SVHC List?

Index

About the Series

Woodhead Publishing India in Textiles

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science