While the Justice and Development Party (AKP) has dominated Turkish politics for a decade and a half, recent years have seen a qualitative change, culminating in the 2017 referendum on the move to a presidential system. This volume focuses on the later years of AKP rule after the first direct presidential election in 2014. It shows how during this period the AKP has changed the political system and societal dynamics, maintained its electoral predominance, and ultimately opened the way for regime change. This collection of key chapters offers indispensable reading for everyone who wants to understand current Turkish politics and the continued hegemony of the AKP in the country’s political life.
The chapters previously published as articles (Vol 19: issue 2 to Vol 22: issue 3) in South European Society and Politics.
Introduction – The AKP on the Road to Presidentialism
Susannah Verney, Anna Bosco and Senem Aydın-Düzgit
Changing the System
1. AKP at the Crossroads: Erdoğan’s Majoritarian Drift
2. Islamisation of Turkey under the AKP Rule: Empowering Family, Faith and Charity
3. An Unfinished Grassroots Populism: The Gezi Park Protests in Turkey and their Aftermath
4. Emergence of a Dominant Party System after Multipartyism: Theoretical Implications from the Case of the AKP in Turkey
Pelin Ayan Musil
Maintaining Electoral Predominance
5. Plus Ça Change Plus C’est le Même Chose: Consolidation of the AKP’s Predominance in the March 2014 Local Elections in Turkey
6. Turkish Popular Presidential Elections: Deepening Legitimacy Issues and Looming Regime Change
7. Winds of Change? The June 2015 Parliamentary Elections in Turkey
8. Back to a Predominant Party System: The November 2015 Snap Election in Turkey
Moving to Presidentialism
9. Taking Sides: Determinants of Support for a Presidential System in Turkey
S. Erdem Aytaç, Ali Çarkoğlu and Kerem Yıldırım
10. A Small Yes for Presidentialism: The Turkish Constitutional Referendum of April 2017
Berk Esen and Şebnem Gümüşçü
The parallel regime transitions of the 1970s, when Southern Europe was the vanguard of the ‘third wave’ of democratisation, the impact of EU membership and Europeanisation and more recently, the region’s central role in the eurozone crisis have all made Southern Europe a distinctive area of interest for social science scholars. The South European Society and Politics book series promotes new empirical research into the domestic politics and society of South European states. The series, open to a broad range of social science approaches, offers comparative thematic volumes covering the region as a whole and on occasion, innovative single-country studies. Its geographical scope includes both ‘old’ and ‘new’ Southern Europe, defined as Italy, Greece, Portugal, Spain, Cyprus, Malta and Turkey.